Mohammad Roem
Mohammed Roem, minister van Binnenlandse Zaken (Dalam Negeri) in het kabinet Sja, Bestanddeelnr 11871.jpg
Mohammad Roem in 1947
4th Foreign Minister of Indonesia
In office
September 6, 1950 – March 20, 1951[1]
PresidentSukarno
Preceded byAgus Salim
Succeeded byAchmad Soebardjo
4th Interior Minister of Indonesia
In office
October 2, 1946 – June 27, 1947[1]
PresidentSukarno
Preceded bySudarsono
Succeeded byWondoamiseno
In office
November 11, 1947 – January 29, 1948
PresidentSukarno
Preceded byWondoamiseno
Succeeded bySoekiman Wirjosandjojo
In office
April 3, 1952 – July 30, 1953[1]
PresidentSukarno
Preceded byIskaq Tjokroadisurjo
Succeeded byHazairin
Personal details
Born(1908-05-16)May 16, 1908
Temanggung, Dutch East Indies
DiedSeptember 24, 1983(1983-09-24) (aged 75)
Jakarta, Indonesia
NationalityIndonesian

Mohammad Roem ([moˈhamad ˈrʊm]; May 16, 1908 – September 24, 1983) was a diplomat and one of Indonesia's leaders in the Indonesian war for independence. During the Sukarno presidency, he served as Deputy Prime Minister, Foreign Minister, and later Minister of Home Affairs. He was most notable for his part in the Roem–Van Roijen Agreement during the Indonesian revolution.

Early life

Roem was born in Parakan, Temanggung, Central Java, on May 16, 1908. His father's name was Dulkarnaen Djojosasmito, and his mother's name was Siti Tarbijah.[2] He moved to Pekalongan because Parakan was hit by an outbreak of infectious diseases like cholera, plague, and influenza.[3] In 1915, he studied at Volksschool and two years later continued to Hollandse Inlandsche School until 1924.[4][5] In 1924, he received a scholarship to study at the School tot Opleiding van Inlandsche Artsen ("school for the training of native physicians", STOVIA) after attending government examinations.[5] Three years later, he completed the preliminary test and was transferred to Algemene Middelbare School, and graduated in 1930.[6] After attending the admission test of Medical College, and was rejected, he turned to law, entering Rechts Hoogeschool in 1932 and obtained the degree Meester in de Rechten in 1939.[7][5]

Career

During the Indonesian national awakening, he was active in several organizations such as Jong Islamieten Bond in 1924 and Sarekat Islam in 1925.[8] During the revolution, he was a member of the Indonesian delegation at the Linggarjati Agreement (1946) and Renville Agreement (1948). In 1949, he was also the leader of the delegation at the Roem–Van Roijen Agreement, that discussed Indonesia's borders, and which was signed on May 7, 1949.[9]

As a state official, he served as interior minister in the Sjahrir III Cabinet, foreign minister during the Natsir Cabinet, interior minister during the Wilopo Cabinet, and deputy prime minister during the Ali Sastroamidjojo II Cabinet.[1]

Prison

Roem was a senior figure in the Masyumi Party, which was banned by President Sukarno in 1960 for its support of the PRRI rebellion. In 1962 he was arrested and jailed without trial in Madiun, together with Sutan Sjahrir, Anuk Agung, the sultan of Pontianak Hamid and Soedarpo Sastrosatomo. They were released by attorney-general Sugi Aito in May 1966.[10][11][12]

Personal life

Roem married Markisah Dahlia in 1932. They had two children; a boy, Roemoso, born in 1933 and a girl, Rumeisa, born in 1939.[5]

Death

Roem died in September 1983 from a lung disorder, leaving a wife and two children.[13]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Detail Biodata Pejabat Menteri Archived 2011-07-23 at the Wayback Machine at kepustakaan-presiden.pnri.go.id (in Indonesian)
  2. ^ Insaniwati 2002, p. 1
  3. ^ Insaniwati 2002, p. 4
  4. ^ Insaniwati 2002, p. 7
  5. ^ a b c d Kahin 1984, p. 135
  6. ^ Insaniwati 2002, p. 8
  7. ^ Insaniwati 2002, p. 9
  8. ^ Insaniwati 2002, p. 14
  9. ^ "Australia & Indonesia's Independence:The Transfer Of Sovereignty: Documents 1949".
  10. ^ Almanac of Current World Leaders, Volume 9, 1966. p.132
  11. ^ Ricklefs 2008, p. 420.
  12. ^ Madinier 2015, pp. 428–429.
  13. ^ "Roem dies of lung disorder". The Straits Times. 26 September 1983.

Bibliography

Political offices Preceded bySudarsono Interior Minister of Indonesia 1946–1947 Succeeded byWondoamiseno Preceded byWondoamiseno 1947–1948 Succeeded bySoekiman Wirjosandjojo Preceded byIskak Tjokrodisurjo 1952–1953 Succeeded byHazairin Preceded byMohammad Hatta Foreign Minister of Indonesia 1950–1951 Succeeded byAchmad Soebardjo