Mohe
漠河市
Mohe City skyline (2019)
Mohe City skyline (2019)
Location of Mohe City jurisdiction (pink) in Daxing
Location of Mohe City jurisdiction (pink) in Daxing'anling Prefecture (yellow) and Heilongjiang
Mohe is located in Heilongjiang
Mohe
Mohe
Location of the city center in Heilongjiang
Mohe is located in China
Mohe
Mohe
Mohe (China)
Coordinates: 52°58′19″N 122°32′20″E / 52.972°N 122.539°E / 52.972; 122.539Coordinates: 52°58′19″N 122°32′20″E / 52.972°N 122.539°E / 52.972; 122.539
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHeilongjiang
PrefectureDaxing'anling
County seatXilinji (西林吉镇)
Area
 • Total18,233 km2 (7,040 sq mi)
Elevation
435 m (1,427 ft)
Population
 • Total83,465
 • Density4.6/km2 (12/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
165300
Websitewww.hlmohe.gov.cn
Mohe City
Chinese漠河
Literal meaning"Desert River"

Mohe (Chinese: 漠河; pinyin: Mòhé) is a county-level city in Daxing'anling Prefecture, Heilongjiang province. It is the northernmost city in China.

Administrative divisions

Mohe City is divided into 6 towns:[1]

  • Xilinji (西林吉镇)
  • Tuqiang (图强镇)
  • Amuer (阿木尔镇)
  • Xing'an (兴安镇)
  • Beiji (北极镇)
  • Gulian (古莲镇)

Geography

Night in Beiji Village
Night in Beiji Village

Mohe is located in the far northwest of Heilongjiang at latitude 52° 10'−53° 33' N and 121° 07'−124° 20' E. It forms a border with Russia's Amur Oblast and Zabaykalsky Krai, where the Amur River flows for 245 kilometres (152 mi). A village, the northernmost Chinese settlement, at the latitude of 53° 29' N known as the Beiji Village (北极村, literally "North Pole Village" or "Northernmost Village") lies in this city, on the Amur River.

On extremely rare occasions, the aurora borealis can be seen.[2]

Mohe spans 150 kilometres (93 mi) from north to south and has a total area of 18,233 square kilometres (7,040 sq mi), occupying 21.6% of the prefecture's (Daxing'anling) area and 3.9% of the provincial (Heilongjiang) area. This creates a population density of only 4.64 persons/km2 (12.0 persons/sqmi).

Maps

Dzhalinda (1951)
Map including part of Mohe (AMS, 1951)

Climate

Mohe, by virtue of its far northern location and proximity to Siberia, is one of the few locations in China with a subarctic climate (Köppen Dwc),[3]) with long, severe winters, and short, warm summers.[4] Winter begins in early to mid-October and lasts until late April or early May, and temperatures then are normally the coldest nationwide. Average temperatures stay below freezing for a total of nearly seven months of the year, and the frost-free period is just short of 90 days; in addition, the diurnal temperature variation is large, averaging 17.2 °C (31.0 °F) annually. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −28.2 °C (−18.8 °F) in January to 18.3 °C (64.9 °F) in July, with an annual mean of −3.90 °C (25.0 °F), so that the city is only a little south of the line of continuous permafrost. Extreme temperatures have ranged from −52.3 °C (−62 °F)[5] to 39.3 °C (103 °F).[6]

Climate data for Mohe (1981−2010 normals, extremes 1971−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −4.6
(23.7)
5.5
(41.9)
16.2
(61.2)
28.4
(83.1)
35.1
(95.2)
39.3
(102.7)
38.0
(100.4)
35.5
(95.9)
31.7
(89.1)
25.1
(77.2)
10.2
(50.4)
−3.2
(26.2)
39.3
(102.7)
Average high °C (°F) −18.4
(−1.1)
−11.4
(11.5)
−2.6
(27.3)
8.5
(47.3)
17.7
(63.9)
24.7
(76.5)
26.0
(78.8)
23.9
(75.0)
16.8
(62.2)
5.4
(41.7)
−9.1
(15.6)
−19.0
(−2.2)
5.2
(41.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −28.2
(−18.8)
−23.8
(−10.8)
−13.1
(8.4)
0.5
(32.9)
9.2
(48.6)
15.7
(60.3)
18.3
(64.9)
15.2
(59.4)
7.4
(45.3)
−2.7
(27.1)
−17.9
(−0.2)
−27.4
(−17.3)
−3.9
(25.0)
Average low °C (°F) −35.3
(−31.5)
−32.8
(−27.0)
−23.0
(−9.4)
−7.8
(18.0)
−0.3
(31.5)
5.9
(42.6)
10.6
(51.1)
7.6
(45.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
−9.8
(14.4)
−24.9
(−12.8)
−33.6
(−28.5)
−12.0
(10.5)
Record low °C (°F) −49.6
(−57.3)
−52.3
(−62.1)
−42.7
(−44.9)
−32.6
(−26.7)
−13.1
(8.4)
−5.3
(22.5)
−1.4
(29.5)
−3.0
(26.6)
−12.2
(10.0)
−28.7
(−19.7)
−41.9
(−43.4)
−48.5
(−55.3)
−52.3
(−62.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.4
(0.29)
4.3
(0.17)
6.1
(0.24)
20.2
(0.80)
35.5
(1.40)
71.6
(2.82)
97.0
(3.82)
107.1
(4.22)
55.3
(2.18)
25.0
(0.98)
13.8
(0.54)
8.8
(0.35)
452.1
(17.81)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.6 5.7 4.6 7.7 9.3 14.9 16.2 16.2 11.6 5.6 8.7 9.3 117.4
Average relative humidity (%) 71 67 63 56 56 70 79 81 75 70 73 72 69
Source: China Meteorological Administration,[7] Weather China (precipitation days 1971−2000, all-time record low[6]

Transportation

Mohe Railway Station
Mohe Railway Station

Mohe railway station, opened in 1972, is the northernmost railway station in China. It has regular passenger service to Harbin, Qiqihar and Shenyang.[8]

Mohe Gulian Airport, opened 2008, is the nation's northernmost airport and the first Chinese airport built on permafrost.[9]

Notable people

In Popular Culture

See also

Sources

  1. ^ "National Bureau of Statistics". www.stats.gov.cn. Retrieved 2021-03-25.
  2. ^ "A Visit to China's "Arctic Village"". ChinaCulture.org. January 7, 2013.
  3. ^ "The 6 climate zones of China". ClimateList. Retrieved 2018-12-19.
  4. ^ Krishna, K. R. (2015-01-28). Agricultural Prairies: Natural Resources and Crop Productivity. CRC Press. ISBN 9781482258066.
  5. ^ "Climate". en.chinaculture.org. Retrieved 2018-12-19.
  6. ^ a b Extreme Temperatures Around the World - world highest lowest temperatures. Accessed 2010-11-02
  7. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  8. ^ Mohe train schedule (in Chinese)
  9. ^ 中国最北极机场漠河机场正式通航