Mon District
"Shangnyu Village, Mon district, Nagaland"
Shangnyu Village, Mon district, Nagaland
Mon district in Nagaland
Mon district in Nagaland
Country India
State Nagaland
 • Lok Sabha ConstituencyNagaland
 • MP[1]Tokheho Yepthomi, NDPP
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies9 constituences
 • Deputy Commissioner[2]Sh. Thavaseelan K. (IAS)
 • Total1,786 km2 (690 sq mi)
 • Total250,260[3]
 • Literacy56.99%
 • Sex ratio899 / 1000 [3]
 • OfficialEnglish
 • SpokenKonyak, English
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-NL-MN
Vehicle registrationNL-04
Major highways NH 702

Mon District (Pron:/mɒn/) is a district of Nagaland, a state in India. It is the third-largest district in Nagaland in terms of area.[3] The district has a population of 250,260 people. Mon Town is the headquarters of the district.


After independence in 1947, Tuensang was created as a separate administrative centre and in 1952, it became a sub-division of NEFA under a separate Assistant Political Officer. Later, in 1957, the Tuensang subdivision was bifurcated from NEFA and merged into the Naga Hills-TuensangArea along with three Districts of Kohima, Mokokchung and Tuensang.[3] The present Mon district was carved out of the erstwhile Tuensang district in 1973. The name Mon originates from its district headquarters. Till 1971, the present Mon district was a subdivision of Tuensang district.[4]


Mon district is the northernmost district of Nagaland. It is surrounded by the state of Arunachal Pradesh to its north, Assam to its west, Myanmar to its east, Longleng district to its south-west and Tuensang district to its south. The town of Mon is its district headquarters.


In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Mon one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[5] It is one of the three districts in Nagaland currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[5]


Religion in Mon district (2011)[6]

  Christianity (94.5%)
  Hinduism (3.24%)
  Islam (1.38%)
  Buddhism (0.5%)
  Jainism (0.13%)
  Sikhism (0.03%)
  Not stated (0.23%)

According to the 2011 census Mon district has a population of 250,260,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Vanuatu.[7] Mon has a sex ratio of 899 females for every 1000 males,[3] and an average literacy rate of 56.99%.[3][6]


Mon district is the home of the Konyak Nagas. The Konyaks are famous for their tattooed faces and bodies.[8] The most colourful festival of the Konyaks, Aoling (Aoleng), is observed during the first week of April every year.

Konyaks are the largest tribe among the Nagas. They speak the Konyak language, a Sino-Tibetan language, with each village having their local dialect. The Konyaks were the last practising headhunters among the Nagas which continued into the 1960s.[9] The tribe embraced Christianity during the late 20th and early 21st century. Konyaks decorate their houses with skulls, hornbill beaks, elephant tusks, horns and wooden statues.

Konyaks are ruled by hereditary chiefs known as Anghs, and the institution of Anghship is still prevalent among the Konyaks. Every village has an Angh. Some of the smaller villages are ruled over by neighbouring village Anghs. The Angh's house is always the largest in the village, with a display of skulls in the front as a testament to his capability as a leader. Anghs still rule over the villages of Chi, Mon, Shangnyu, Longwa, Tangnyu, Sheanghah Chingnyu, Jaboka.

Konyaks are adept artisans and skilled craftsmen. They make excellent wood carvings, daos (machetes), guns, gunpowder, head brushes, headgear, necklaces, etc. The older males wear large earrings made of boar horn and a loincloth. Some carry a machete called dao or a gun. The older women wear a short piece of cloth wrapped around their waist only. They carry bamboo baskets on their backs or tie children to their backs with a cloth. The Konyak women are adept in weaving intricate traditional designs and in bead craft. Both men and women wear a lot of traditional beads and brass ornaments. During festivals, the males wear colourful shawls and headgear decorated with feathers, and dance with daos or spears and guns chanting/singing rhythmically. They brew a home-brewed liquor made out of rice. They also farm in the hills by clearing the forests using a method of controlled burning called "Jhum".


Places of attraction

Ceremonial basket of the Konyak Naga
Ceremonial basket of the Konyak Naga

Shangnyu village

Ruled by the chief Angh, Shangnyu village is one of the prominent villages in Mon district. There is a wooden monument measuring 8 feet in height and 12 feet in breadth – believed to be constructed by heavenly angels. Carvings of human beings and other creatures are engraved on this monument. Memorial stones are also found in front of the Angh's palace. It is believed that there was a friendly trade relationship between the Shangnyu village and the Ahom Kings.

Chi village

Chi village is another prominent village near Mon town. It is ruled by the Angh of Chi village The Angh's house is the biggest in the village and has a display of skulls of enemies supposedly killed by him and his ancestors.

Longwa village

Lungwa (Longwa) is one of the biggest villages in Mon district and sits on the India-Myanmar international border. The village has a road connecting it to Loji village in Myanmar's Sagaing Division, that also provides access to the larger Tatmadaw military towns of Lahe and Yengjong in Myanmar.[10][11] The Lungwa Angh's house is situated in the middle of the border of India and Myanmar. One half of the Angh's house falls within Indian territory, whereas the other half lies under Myanmar control. However, the whole village is controlled by the Angh. He has 60 wives and he rules over 60 villages of the Konyak tribe extending up to Myanmar and Arunachal Pradesh.[11]

Veda Peak

This highest peak in the Mon district is Veda Peak, which lies approximately 70 km east of Mon. The peak offers a clear sight of both the Brahmaputra and the Chindwin on a clear day. There is a waterfall near the peak which is considered as one of the most beautiful locations in the whole of the Konyak countryside.[12]


Naganimora, formerly known as Lakhan, is a subdivision in the Mon district. The town lies on the border of Nagaland and Assam. The name of the town is derived from the words "Naga Rani Mora", which mean "the burial place of the Naga queen". It is one of the biggest exporters of coal in Nagaland.



The nearest airport is Dibrugarh Airport in Assam located 122 kilometres from district headquarters Mon. There is a helipad in Mon as well.


The nearest railway station is Dibrugarh railway station located 115 kilometres from district headquarters Mon.


The district is well-connected with roads. The NH 702 passes through the district alongside other intra-district roads.

See also


  1. ^ "Lok Sabha Members". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Mon DC". Mon district website. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Mon district 2011" (PDF). Govt of India Census. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
  4. ^ "Mon History". Mon district website. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  6. ^ a b "Mon district religion". Census India 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Vanuatu 224,564 July 2011 est.
  8. ^ Konyak, Phejin (2018). The Konyaks: Last of the Tattooed Headhunters. Lustre Press/Roli Books. p. 200. ISBN 9789351941125.
  9. ^ Mukherjee, Sugato. "The Last Headhunters of Nagaland". Retrieved 16 July 2020.
  10. ^ Bhattacharyya, Rajeev (25 September 2016). "From Mon in Nagaland to Myanmar, Schoolkids Cross the Border For a Better Future". The Wire. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
  11. ^ a b An Indian Village Where Villagers Have Dual Citizenships And Its King Has 60 Wives, Daily Moss, 22 May 2015.
  12. ^ "Veda Peak". Retrieved 16 July 2020.

Coordinates: 26°43′N 95°02′E / 26.717°N 95.033°E / 26.717; 95.033