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King of the Hellenes
  • Βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἑλλήνων (since George I)
  • Βασιλεὺς τῆς Ἑλλάδος (Otto)
StyleHis Majesty
First monarchOtto
Last monarchConstantine II
Formation27 May 1832
Abolition1 June 1973

The monarchy of Greece (Greek: Μοναρχία της Ελλάδας, romanizedMonarchía tis Elládas) or Greek monarchy (Greek: Ελληνική Μοναρχία, romanizedEllinikí Monarchía) was the government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign of the Kingdom of Greece from 1832 to 1924 and 1935 to 1973.[1]


The monarchy of Greece was created by the London Conference of 1832 at which the First Hellenic Republic was abolished.[2] The Greek crown was originally offered to Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha but he declined, later being elected the king of the Belgians.

In 1832, Prince Otto of Bavaria of the House of Wittelsbach was styled "His Majesty Otto I, King of Greece", over which he reigned for 30 years until he was deposed in 1862.[3] After Otto's deposition as king, the crown was offered to many others, including the novelist and former British colonial secretary Edward Bulwer-Lytton.[4]

A head of state referendum was held in 1862 to name a new king. The vast majority of Greek people wanted Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, to be their new king.[5][6] He won the referendum by 230,016 against the Duke of Leuchtenberg. Alfred declined to be king, and so did every candidate until Prince Vilhelm of Denmark of the House of Glücksburg, who had received only six votes. Vilhelm was elected unanimously by the Greek Assembly, and became "His Majesty George I, King of the Hellenes".

There was a referendum in 1920 to restore Constantine I as monarch, but four years later the Second Hellenic Republic was established and the monarchy was abolished following a referendum in 1924. Then in 1935 the monarchy was restored after a referendum and maintained after a referendum in 1946.

In July 1973 the Greek military junta called a referendum, which abolished the monarchy for the second time in Greek history. Then in 1974, the democratically elected prime minister, Konstantinos Karamanlis, called a referendum which legitimately confirmed the abolition.


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Tatoi was the private residence and 10,000-acre estate outside of Athens originally bought by King George I in the 1870s. The property was seized by the Republic following the 1974 referendum and has long been a contentious issue between the former royal family and the Greek state.

The Old Royal Palace (Greek: Παλαιά Ανάκτορα, romanizedPalaiá Anáktora) is the first royal palace of modern Greece, completed in 1843. It has housed the Hellenic Parliament since 1934. The Old Palace is situated at the heart of modern Athens, facing onto Syntagma Square.

Kings of Greece

Main article: List of kings of Greece

Royal consorts

Main article: List of Greek royal consorts

Regents of Greece

Main article: List of regents of Greece


See also


  1. ^ Lakritz, Talia. "10 countries that abolished their own monarchies". Insider. Retrieved 2023-06-29.
  2. ^ "Kings of Greece". Unofficial Royalty. 2012-11-30. Retrieved 2023-06-29.
  3. ^ "Otto | king of Greece | Britannica". 2023-05-28. Retrieved 2023-06-29.
  4. ^ Conliffe, Ciaran. "Edward Bulwer-Lytton, Writer And Politician".
  5. ^ Boston, Greek (2020-05-06). "Get to Know Prince Alfred Ernest Albert". Retrieved 2023-06-29.
  6. ^ "Which other European royals is Prince Philip related to?". South China Morning Post. 2021-03-21. Retrieved 2023-06-29. Most of the Greeks wanted Prince Alfred – the second son of Queen Victoria and Albert – to be king, but he declined.