Monroe, Georgia
Walton County, Georgia courthouse in downtown Monroe
Walton County, Georgia courthouse in downtown Monroe
Location in Walton County and the state of Georgia
Location in Walton County and the state of Georgia
Monroe is located in Georgia
Location of Monroe in Georgia
Coordinates: 33°47′36″N 83°42′39″W / 33.79333°N 83.71083°W / 33.79333; -83.71083Coordinates: 33°47′36″N 83°42′39″W / 33.79333°N 83.71083°W / 33.79333; -83.71083
CountryUnited States
 • MayorJohn Howard[1]
 • Total15.86 sq mi (41.08 km2)
 • Land15.65 sq mi (40.53 km2)
 • Water0.21 sq mi (0.55 km2)
909 ft (277 m)
 • Total14,928
 • Density953.93/sq mi (368.31/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
Area code(s)470/678/770
FIPS code13-52192[3]
GNIS feature ID0356398[4]

Monroe is a city in Walton County, Georgia, United States, of which it is the county seat.[5] It is located both one hour east of Atlanta via US 78 and GA 138 to I-20 and east of Hartsfield–Jackson International Airport and is one of the exurban cities in the Atlanta metropolitan area. Monroe is also a city known for its accessibility to Conyers just 20 minutes away and Lawrenceville 35 minutes away. The population was 13,234 at the 2010 census and 13,673 at the 2019 estimates.[6]


Monroe was founded in 1818 as seat of the newly formed Walton County. It was incorporated as a town in 1821 and as a city in 1896.[7]

Monroe was the premier cotton producer in the state of Georgia during the 1900s. The two main cotton mills in Monroe used to be the driving economic force in the region. Now the mills no longer produce for the cotton industry, but rather serve as economic engines for the region by showcasing premiere antique markets, event space, and other unique retail.

In July 1946 the area was the site of the last mass lynching in the United States. A White mob attacked and killed two Black married couples who were driving through the area. The four people were pulled from their car and shot several times.[8]


Monroe is in the center of Walton County. U.S. Route 78 (Atlanta/Monroe Bypass) passes north of the city, leading west 5 miles (8.0 km) to Loganville, and west 35 miles (51 km) to downtown Atlanta, and east 25 miles to Athens. GA Bus. 10 runs through the city of Monroe. Georgia State Route 11 leads northwest from Monroe 15 miles to Winder, the Barrow County seat, and south 10 miles to Social Circle, and southwest 15 miles (24 km) to eastern rural Newton County, east of Covington. State Route 138 leads south 18 miles (29 km) to Conyers.

Monroe is located at 33°47′36″N 83°42′39″W / 33.79333°N 83.71083°W / 33.79333; -83.71083 (33.793295, -83.710790).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.5 square miles (27 km2), of which 10.4 square miles (27 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (1.05%) is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2020 census

Monroe racial composition[11]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 7,267 48.68%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 6,068 40.65%
Native American 40 0.27%
Asian 156 1.05%
Pacific Islander 5 0.03%
Other/Mixed 688 4.61%
Hispanic or Latino 704 4.72%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 14,928 people, 4,709 households, and 3,223 families residing in the city.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,234 people living in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 51.8% White, 42.2% Black, 0.1% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from some other race and 1.6% from two or more races. 3.4% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

2000 census

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 11,407 people, 4,287 households, 2,983 families living in the city. The population density was 1,101.3 people per square mile (425.1/km2). There were 4,637 housing units at an average density of 447.7 per square mile (172.8/km2). There were 4,287 households, out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 25.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 28.7% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.8 males. For every 100 women 18 and over, there were 80.1 men.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,500, and the median income for a family was $31,568. Males had a median income of $30,717 versus $23,028 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,636 (2008). About 19.8% of families and 22.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.2% of those under age 18 and 17.1% of those age 65 or over.

The racial makeup of the city is 54.69% White, 42.24% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.26% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. 2.52% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.


The east end of the City of Monroe on Unisa Drive contains multiple industries.


Walton County School District

The Walton County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of nine elementary schools, three middle schools, and four high schools.[15] The district has 675 full-time teachers and over 10,368 students.[16]







Notable people


  1. ^ "Mayor's Office". City of Monroe, GA. Archived from the original on 2018-03-13. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  2. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  7. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 240. ISBN 978-1135948597. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  8. ^ Cohen, Noah (11 February 2019). "Unsolved mass lynching grand jury testimony set for release thanks to N.J. lawyer who took on Trump Justice Department". New Jersey Advance. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved 2021-12-18.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-06-04. Retrieved 2010-03-31.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Walton County: Change Is On The Way - Georgia Trend". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-29. Retrieved 2010-03-31.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved June 26, 2010.
  16. ^ School Stats Archived 2014-07-03 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved June 26, 2010.
  17. ^ Steve Almasy (5 December 2012). "World's oldest person dies at age 116 - CNN". Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  18. ^ "Bruce Williamson III's Biography". Vote Smart. Retrieved April 21, 2021.