Monticello, Florida
Monticello City Hall
Monticello City Hall
Location in Jefferson County and the state of Florida
Location in Jefferson County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 30°32′41″N 83°52′2″W / 30.54472°N 83.86722°W / 30.54472; -83.86722Coordinates: 30°32′41″N 83°52′2″W / 30.54472°N 83.86722°W / 30.54472; -83.86722
Country United States
State Florida
County Jefferson
Government
 • MayorTroy Avera[1]
Area
 • Total4.01 sq mi (10.39 km2)
 • Land4.01 sq mi (10.39 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
233 ft (71 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,589
 • Density645.31/sq mi (249.17/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
32344-32345
Area code(s)850
FIPS code12-46500[3]
GNIS feature ID0287080[4]
Websitewww.cityofmonticello.us

Monticello (/ˌmɒntɪˈsɛl/ MON-tih-SEL-oh) is the only city in Jefferson County, Florida, United States. The population was 2,506 at the 2010 census.[5] It is the county seat of Jefferson County.[6] The city is named after Monticello, the estate of the county's namesake, Thomas Jefferson, on which the Jefferson County Courthouse (Monticello, Florida) was modeled.[7]

Monticello is home to Indian mounds and many historic buildings, including the Perkins Opera House and Monticello Old Jail Museum.

Geography

Monticello is located in northern Jefferson County at 30°32′41″N 83°52′02″W / 30.544612°N 83.867321°W / 30.544612; -83.867321.[8] U.S. Route 90 runs through the center of the city as Washington Street, leading east 16 miles (26 km) to Greenville and west 26 miles (42 km) to Tallahassee. U.S. Route 19 passes through the city center on Jefferson Street, leading south 10 miles (16 km) to Capps and north 22 miles (35 km) to Thomasville, Georgia. The two highways meet in the center of Monticello at Courthouse Circle, which surrounds the Jefferson County Courthouse. US-19 leads south from the courthouse 5 miles (8 km) to Interstate 10 at Exit 225. I-10 leads west 25 miles (40 km) to Tallahassee and east 82 miles (132 km) to Lake City.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10.3 km2), all land.[5]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850329
18601,083229.2%
18701,052−2.9%
18901,218
19001,076−11.7%
19101,82970.0%
19201,704−6.8%
19301,90111.6%
19402,0427.4%
19502,26410.9%
19602,49010.0%
19702,473−0.7%
19802,99421.1%
19902,573−14.1%
20002,533−1.6%
20102,506−1.1%
20202,5893.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2020 census

Monticello, Florida - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race Pop 2010[10] Pop 2020[11] % 2010 % 2020
White (NH) 1,058 1,208 42.22% 46.66%
Black or African American (NH) 1,349 1,242 53.83% 47.97%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 0 5 0.00% 0.19%
Asian (NH) 17 7 0.68% 0.27%
Pacific Islander (NH) 0 3 0.00% 0.12%
Some Other Race (NH) 0 5 0.00% 0.19%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 29 70 1.16% 2.70%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 53 49 2.11% 1.89%
Total 2,506 2,359 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 2,533 people, 973 households, and 664 families residing in the city. The population density was 749.4 people per square mile (289.3/km2). There were 1,088 housing units at an average density of 321.9 per square mile (124.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 47.06% White, 50.85% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.30% of the population.

There were 973 households, out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 23.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.1% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,720, and the median income for a family was $32,356. Males had a median income of $25,932 versus $21,760 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,522. About 18.5% of families and 22.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.2% of those under age 18 and 14.4% of those age 65 or over.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild winters. According to the Köppen climate classification, Monticello has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa). Monticello is the site of the highest temperature recorded in Florida, 109 °F (43 °C) on June 29, 1931.

Climate data for Monticello 5 SE, Florida, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1904–2017
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 85
(29)
88
(31)
92
(33)
95
(35)
106
(41)
109
(43)
107
(42)
104
(40)
103
(39)
99
(37)
91
(33)
84
(29)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 62.7
(17.1)
67.1
(19.5)
73.3
(22.9)
79.1
(26.2)
85.7
(29.8)
89.6
(32.0)
90.7
(32.6)
90.1
(32.3)
87.2
(30.7)
80.3
(26.8)
71.4
(21.9)
65.1
(18.4)
78.5
(25.8)
Daily mean °F (°C) 51.5
(10.8)
54.8
(12.7)
60.7
(15.9)
66.5
(19.2)
73.4
(23.0)
79.1
(26.2)
80.9
(27.2)
80.5
(26.9)
77.2
(25.1)
68.6
(20.3)
59.4
(15.2)
53.7
(12.1)
67.2
(19.6)
Average low °F (°C) 40.3
(4.6)
42.5
(5.8)
48.1
(8.9)
53.9
(12.2)
61.1
(16.2)
68.6
(20.3)
71.0
(21.7)
70.9
(21.6)
67.2
(19.6)
56.9
(13.8)
47.5
(8.6)
42.4
(5.8)
55.9
(13.3)
Record low °F (°C) 3
(−16)
14
(−10)
18
(−8)
31
(−1)
38
(3)
44
(7)
54
(12)
58
(14)
36
(2)
28
(−2)
13
(−11)
7
(−14)
3
(−16)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.81
(122)
4.01
(102)
5.29
(134)
4.12
(105)
3.82
(97)
7.62
(194)
7.49
(190)
7.53
(191)
5.46
(139)
3.31
(84)
2.79
(71)
3.68
(93)
59.93
(1,522)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.1 7.4 9.2 6.4 5.8 11.7 15.0 13.2 8.7 5.0 5.8 7.7 105.0
Source 1: NOAA[12]
Source 2: WRCC (extremes)[13]

History and culture

The Perkins Opera House is a 19th-century mercantile building that was adapted for use as a theater. It hosts regular musical performances, as well as theater productions and musicals. The first floor ballroom also holds receptions on a regular basis.

Historic sites

Education

Jefferson County Schools operates public schools, including Jefferson County Middle / High School.

References

  1. ^ "Mayor Tom Vogelgesang resigns office -". 6 April 2017.
  2. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 31, 2021.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Monticello city, Florida". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 30, 2018.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1939), Florida. A Guide to the Southernmost State, New York: Oxford University Press, p. 438
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Monticello, Florida". United States Census Bureau.
  11. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Monticello, Florida". United States Census Bureau.
  12. ^ "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991-2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  13. ^ "MONTICELLO WTP, FLORIDA (085879)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved March 3, 2021.