Montserrat oriole
Male at London Zoo
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Icteridae
Genus: Icterus
Species:
I. oberi
Binomial name
Icterus oberi
Lawrence, 1880

The Montserrat oriole (Icterus oberi) is a medium-sized black-and-yellow icterid (the same family as many blackbirds, meadowlarks, cowbirds, grackles, and others, including the New World orioles).

It inhabits the Centre Hills and South Soufriere Hills Important Bird Areas on the island of Montserrat in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, and is the national bird of this British territory. It is threatened by habitat loss, and has been classified by BirdLife International as Critically Endangered, with a current estimated population of between 200 and 800. Much of its habitat was destroyed by deforestation, Hurricane Hugo and the volcanic activity between 1995 and 1997.

Female at Frankfurt Zoo, Germany
Female at Frankfurt Zoo, Germany

The oriole once was found in three main areas: the bamboo forest east of Galways Soufrière, the leeward slopes of the Chances Peak mountain and the Centre Hills (especially the Runaway Ghaut area).

The diet of the bird consists mainly of insects and fruits. The birds usually lay two spotted eggs. All models indicate that they begin breeding at the age of one year. Most of them were almost wiped out during the volcano eruptions and only about 200 of them are still surviving.

The binomial name of this bird commemorates the American naturalist Frederick Albion Ober.

Taxonomy

The Montserrat oriole was formally described in 1880 by the American amateur ornithologist George Newbold Lawrence from a speciment collected on the island Montserrat during an expedition to the West Indies led by the US naturalist Frederick Albion Ober. Lawrence introduced the current binomial name Icterus oberi, with the specific epithet chosen to honour Ober.[2] The genus Icterus was introduced by the French zoologist Mathurin Jacques Brisson in 1760.[3] The species is monotypic: no subspecies are recognised.[4]

References

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2013). "Icterus oberi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Lawrence, George Newbold (1880). "Description of a new species of Icterus from the West Indies". Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 3 (166): 351.
  3. ^ Brisson, Mathurin Jacques (1760). Ornithologie, ou, Méthode contenant la division des oiseaux en ordres, sections, genres, especes & leurs variétés (in French and Latin). Paris: Jean-Baptiste Bauche. Vol. 1 p. 30, Vol. 2 p. 85.
  4. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (January 2021). "Oropendolas, orioles, blackbirds". IOC World Bird List Version 11.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 3 March 2021.