Moodiesburn
Welcometomoodiesburn.jpg

Entrance to Moodiesburn via the A80
Moodiesburn is located in North Lanarkshire
Moodiesburn
Moodiesburn
Moodiesburn is located in Glasgow council area
Moodiesburn
Moodiesburn
Location within Scotland
Moodiesburn is located in Scotland
Moodiesburn
Moodiesburn
Moodiesburn (Scotland)
Population6,830 (mid-2020 est.)[1]
OS grid referenceNS6960871434
Lieutenancy area
  • Lanarkshire
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGLASGOW
Postcode districtG69 0
Dialling code01236
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
55°55′06″N 4°05′12″W / 55.918333°N 4.08666°W / 55.918333; -4.08666Coordinates: 55°55′06″N 4°05′12″W / 55.918333°N 4.08666°W / 55.918333; -4.08666

Moodiesburn is a village in Scotland, located 8 miles (13 kilometres) northeast of Glasgow, in the North Lanarkshire council area. It is situated on the north side of the A80 road and between the M73 and M80 motorways which converge nearby. Moodiesburn does not directly adjoin any other settlements, though the villages of Chryston and Muirhead are located a short distance to the west (the boundary being the Bothlin Burn), with Stepps beyond, and outer parts of Cumbernauld lie to the east; however, the town centres are about 5 miles (8 kilometres) apart.[2]

Once a thriving community, the village's economic standing greatly declined in the latter half of the 20th century, following the Auchengeich mining disaster and the disintegration of local employment.[3] In recent times, the economic demographic of the population has improved. Good transport links enable a significant proportion of the population travel to the City of Glasgow, or nearby towns for employment in the professional and commercial sphere.

History

The etymology of the name is probably from the common Scottish surname Moody.[4] Several old documents show Moodiesburn with various spellings including maps by Richardson, Forrest,[5] and William Roy.[6] Moodiesburn (or Mudiesburn) was formerly part of the parish of Cadder.[7] The New Statistical Accounts recorded 30 families and 143 people in 1836.[8] In 1846 there were reported to be 35 houses with 220 people living in them.[9] Towards the end of the 19th century the population fell to as low as 150.[10] The village was developed in the 20th century with employment in coal mining and around psychiatric institution Stoneyetts Hospital.[11] In the 1930s,[12] wooden houses were constructed on the estate of Gartferry House.[13]

Auchengeich mining disaster

In September 1959, 47 men lost their lives in a coal mine near the village of Moodiesburn when a faulty fan purifying the air in the colliery went on fire due to an electrical fault.[14] The men were in bogies travelling to the coal face to start work, and due to the intense smoke they were abandoned just a few hundred yards from safety. The mine was eventually flooded to put out the fire; there was only one survivor from the crews. The mining accident was one of the worst within the UK in the 20th century, widowing 41 women and leaving 76 children without fathers.[15]

The First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond unveiled a memorial on 18 September 2009 at Moodiesburn.[16] Its centrepiece, a bronze statue of a miner, was stolen within weeks but replaced the following year after a fundraising drive.[17] Norman Buchan wrote a song, "Auchengeich", about the disaster, recorded by Dick Gaughan and The Easy Club.

Aftermath and economic decline

Local mining declined in the years following the disaster. Stoneyetts ceased operation in 1992, followed by Scottish Power and Reekie Plant Hire sites closing in the latter half of the decade. A 1999 article in The Observer lamented Moodiesburn's lack of local employment, as well as the increasing disaffection of its younger residents:

"A good number of young families are blatantly poorer than our grandparents. They have less purchasing power because they live on benefit [...] Moodiesburn is a quiet island whose ageing inhabitants pass the time by looking after one another, visiting, retelling the past. The current that made people get up in the morning has been switched off. The young are null. They use drugs, spray graffiti. But they are quiet islanders, too, living invisibly at home with their disks and keyboards."[3]

— Neal Ascherson, 10 October 1999

Auchengeich sewage works and the Moodiesburn House Hotel – previously the Bedlay Dowager House – were closed in 2003 and 2008, respectively.[18][19] Two career options remain in the area: landscaping product supplier Charcon Scotland (part of Aggregate Industries), and food processing company Devro.[20]

Landmarks

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The Auchengeich Mining Disaster Memorial[21]
The Auchengeich Mining Disaster Memorial[21]
Auchengeich Miners Welfare Social Club
Auchengeich Miners Welfare Social Club
Auchengeich Memorial
Auchengeich Memorial

Bedlay Cemetery is Moodiesburn's local cemetery. The nearby Bedlay Castle has stood since the late 16th century.[22][23]

The village includes a community centre and library, a miners' welfare club (the Auchengeich Miners Welfare), a multi-denominational school (Glenmanor Primary, affiliated to Chryston High School),[24] a Roman Catholic denominational school (St Michael's Primary, affiliated to St. Maurice's High School in Cumbernauld),[25] a Church of Scotland parish church, a Roman Catholic church, and an independent evangelical church called New Beginnings. There is also the Silver Larch public house, a Knights of Saint Columba social club and a coffee shop called The Coffee House.

Although the oldest buildings and the original hamlet stood at the junction of Cumbernauld Road (A80) and Stoneyetts Road, its centre moved about 300 yards (270 m) north during the mid-20th century with the construction of a small development of timber-panelled homes and then expanded from there across the subsequent decades. The community's 1950s council housing is known as "Old Moodiesburn", though a substantial number of those homes are now privately owned.[citation needed] A batch of houses with updated facilities were constructed in the 1960s, and dubbed the "electric scheme" by locals. Modern homes have since been developed in this part of Moodiesburn, including by Taylor Woodrow, Persimmon, and Lovell. The opposite, north-eastern end, which happens to be near Devro headquarters, is composed mostly of private residences by Christian Salvesen, Tay/Wimpey, Bellway and Persimmon. Miller Homes are set to build on the former Stoneyetts Hospital site as of 2019.[citation needed]

A small estate of new council builds was erected in the midst of the Salvesen area in 2013.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ "Mid-2020 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 31 March 2022. Retrieved 31 March 2022.
  2. ^ "OS 25 inch 1892-1949". National Library of Scotland. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  3. ^ a b Ascherson, Neal (10 October 1999). "Take a look. Take a long look". The Observer. Guardian Media Group.
  4. ^ Drummond, Peter, John (2014). An analysis of toponyms and toponymic patterns in eight parishes of the upper Kelvin basin (PDF). Glasgow: Glasgow University. p. 172. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  5. ^ "Old County Maps". NLS. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  6. ^ "Roy's map of the Lowlands". NLS. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  7. ^ Wilson, John Marius (1882). The gazetteer of Scotland. Edinburgh: W. & A.K. Johnston. p. 65. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  8. ^ Society for the Benefit of the Sons and Daughters of the Clergy (1845). The new statistical account of Scotland. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood and Sons. p. 408. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  9. ^ Lewis, Samuel (1846). A topographical dictionary of Scotland ... London: S. Lewis and Co. p. 277. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  10. ^ "Moodiesburn and Bridgend". Monklands Memories. Archived from the original on 22 August 2007. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  11. ^ "Moodiesburn". Gazetteer of Scotland. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  12. ^ Kidd, Neil. "Moodiesburn". The Story of Chryston. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  13. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Gartferry House (45219)". Canmore. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  14. ^ "Auchengeich Mining Disaster". Monklands Memories. Archived from the original on 27 March 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  15. ^ "Community pays tribute to Auchengeich mining disaster victims - Local Headlines". Kirkintilloch Herald. 11 September 2007. Archived from the original on 22 February 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  16. ^ Scottish Mining Website. "Auchengeich 1959 - Scottish Mining Website". scottishmining.co.uk.
  17. ^ "Welcome home - iconic miner returned to rightful place at Auchengeich". Kirkintilloch Herald. 9 June 2010. Archived from the original on 25 February 2018. Retrieved 18 September 2020 – via Monklands Memories.
  18. ^ "Scottish Water fined again". The ENDS Report. 30 September 2003. Archived from the original on 6 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019. Auchengeich sewage treatment works... closed in March.
  19. ^ "Crews in 9-hour hotel fire battle". Cumbernauld News. 19 March 2008. Archived from the original on 6 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  20. ^ "Taking a look back at Moodiesburn". Kirkintilloch Herald. 28 March 2006. Archived from the original on 6 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  21. ^ "Welcome home - iconic miner returned to rightful place at Auchengeich". Monklands Memories. Archived from the original on 25 February 2018. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  22. ^ Mason, Gordon The Castles of Glasgow and the Clyde, Goblinshead, 2000 (p.51)
  23. ^ Coventry, Martin The Castles of Scotland (3rd Edition), Goblinshead, 2001 (p.83)
  24. ^ Our Community, Glenmanor Blog
  25. ^ School Information, St Michael's Primary School