This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources.Find sources: "Moomin" 1969 TV series – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (June 2021) The neutrality of this article is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. (June 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Moomin
Moomin (1969 TV series).jpg
Image from the TV series displaying the main characters
ムーミン
(Mūmin)
GenreFantasy
Anime television series
Directed byMasaaki Osumi (Eps 1-26)
Noboru Ishiguro, Satoshi Dezaki, Ryosuke Takahashi, Rintaro (Eps 27–65)
Written byTadaaki Yamazaki et al.
Music byComposer/songwriter:
Seiichirō Uno
Singer:
Toshiko Fujita
(opening/closing song:
"Nē! Mūmin" (Hi, Moomin!))
StudioTokyo Movie Shinsha (Eps 1-26)
Mushi Productions (Eps 27–65)
Original networkFuji TV
English networkBBC
Original run October 5, 1969 December 27, 1970
Episodes65

Moomin (ムーミン, Mūmin) is a Japanese anime television series produced by Zuiyo Enterprise and animated by Mushi Production and Tokyo Movie Shinsha, which was broadcast on Fuji Television between 1969 and 1970. The series is loosely based on the Moomin books by the Finnish author Tove Jansson.[1] A sequel series entitled Shin Muumin (New Moomin) was later released in 1972. However, Jansson never approved of either series, due to the dramatic changes with the plots, overall atmosphere, and character personalities.

Because of this, the series was never translated into any languages or released outside Japan except Taiwan and some others like United Kingdom, which aired in TTV.[2] It is also notably different from the later anime television series Moomin, released in the early 1990s, which was translated into many languages and released in dozens of countries. The later series relies more on the original Moomin books and comic strips.

The anime series is also the second entry in what is now known as World Masterpiece Theater (Calpis Comic Theater at the time). Zuiyo Enterprise, would split in 1975 into Nippon Animation Company, Ltd. (which employed some of the Zuiyo's production staff and continued with the World Masterpiece Theater franchise) and Zuiyo Company, Ltd.

Summary

Its first half is referred to as "Tokyo Movie version", the latter the "Mushi Pro version". Hisashi Inoue, a distinguished novelist and dramatist, participated as a screenwriter in the former. When the series started with Tokyo Movie Shinsha leading the project, Moomintroll was portrayed as an ordinary boy, who occasionally fought or behaved slyly. This, along with elements such as Snufkin being a driver and the Snork Maiden's name being translated into Non-Non (ノンノン), infuriated Tove Jansson, the original author of the books, who angrily said: "My Moomin is no driver, fighter or money maker". Hayao Miyazaki disagreed with this claim.[citation needed]

While the series itself was well-liked by the Japanese public as an adventurous and comedic series for boys, it was dramatically different in areas like the adaptation and overall atmosphere. As a result, Tokyo Movie having their own contract cancelled and the designs being changed accordingly. With Mushi Pro taking over, the series had many more faithful episodes, which included the source's stories and points of mystery, horror, comedy and tragedy. Despite this, Tove's consent was not obtained and the program was cancelled after well over 60 episodes.

Episodes

# Original Title Japanese English translation
1 " シルクハットのひみつ" The Secret of the Silk Hat
2 "悪魔のハートをねらえ" Aim for the Devil's Heart
3 "雨だ!あらしだ!!洪水だ!!!" Rain! Storm!! Flood!!!
4 "ふしぎの泉はどこにある?" Where is the Wonderful Spring?
5 "パパの思い出のライフル" Papa's Remembered Rifle
6 "かえってきたノンノン" Nonnon Who Comes Back
7 "さよならガオガオ" Good-bye, Gao-Gao
8 "ノンノンがあぶない" Nonnon is in Danger
9 "ムーミン谷の列車大強盗" Train Great Robber of Moomin Valley
10 "ふしぎなこびと" Mysterious Midget
11 "消えたコレクション" Collection Which Disappeared
12 "ムーミン谷のクリスマス" Moomin Valley Christmas
13 "パパは売れっ子作家" Papa is a Popular Writer
14 "ムーミン谷最後の日" The Last Day in Moomin Valley
15 "帆を上げろ!ムーミン号" Put Up the Sail! Moomin Ship
16 "謎のグノース博士" Dr. Gnos of Mystery
17 "ベビーはどこに" Where is a Baby?
18 "乞食になりたい" (再放送で「金持ちはもうやだ」に変更される) I Want to Become a Beggar (changed to "I Already Got Tired of the Rich Person" at the time of rebroadcast)
19 "月着陸OK! " Moonlanding, O.K.!
20 "スキーでハッスル! " Hustle on Skis!
21 "ふしぎな家なき子" Strange Child Without Home
22 "山男だよヤッホー! " Mountaineer, Yoo-hoo!
23 "チビのミー大作戦" The Big Operation Plan of Little Mee
24 "おさびし山のガンマン" The Gunman of Deserted Mountain
25 "おめでとうスノーク" Congratulations, Snork
26 "ノンノンこっちむいて" Nonnon, Please Turn Around to Me
27 "顔をなくしたニンニ" Ninny Who Lost a Face
28 "小さな大冒険" Small, Great Adventure
29 "ひこう鬼現わる" Flying Demon (The Hobgoblin) Appears
30 "天国からの贈りもの" Present from Heaven
31 "ごめんねスティンキー" Sorry, Stinky
32 "森のゆうれい屋敷" Haunted House in the Forest
33 "おくびょうな豆泥棒" The Cowardly Beans Thief
34 "金の馬銀の馬" Golden Horse, Silver Horse
35 "夏祭りのオーロラ" Aurora of Summer Festival
36 "ムーミンパパのノート" Moomin's Papa's Notebook
37 "小さなみにくいペット" Small, Ugly Pet
38 "人魚さんこんにちわ" Miss Mermaid, Hello
39 "家にいるのは誰だ" Who is in the House
40 "ニョロニョロのひみつ" The Secret of Nyoro-Nyoro (=Hattifattener)
41 "マメルクをつかまえろ" Catch Mamelk
42 "大きな大きなプレゼント" Big, Big Present
43 "あらしの怪獣島" Stormy Monster Island
44 "海の星はどこに" Where is the Sea Star?
45 "悪魔の島がやってきた" Devilish Island Has Come
46 "真夏の雪を探せ!" Look for Snow of Midsummer!
47 "なくしたペンダント" The Lost Pendant
48 "歩いてきた山びこ" Echo Which Has Walked
49 "ピアノなんか大嫌い" I Hate Pianos
50 "眠りの輪をぬけだせ" Slip Out the Ring of Sleep
51 "秋はおセンチに" To Be Sentimental in Autumn
52 "月夜に踊る人形" The Doll Who Dances in the Moonlit Night
53 "凧が知っていた" The Kite Knew
54 "さようなら渡り鳥" Good-bye, Migratory Bird
55 "鳩は飛ばない" Doves Don't Fly
56 "ムーミン谷のカーニバル" Carnival of Moomin Valley
57 "お婆ちゃんのひみつ" The Old Woman's Secret
58 "ノンノンがいなくなる? " Is Nonnon Gone?
59 "手品にはタネがある" There is a Trick in Magic
60 "ひとりぼっちの冬" Lonely Winter
61 "消えた雪うさぎ" Snow Rabbit Which Disappeared
62 "氷姫のいたずら" The Ice Princess' Mischief
63 "一日だけのお姫様" Princess Just for a Day
64 "影なんか恐くない" Who's Afraid of Shadow?
65 "おやすみムーミン" Good Night, Moomin

Home release

The series saw VHS and Laser Disc releases in Japan, which were eventually discontinued.

LD
Vol.1-7 (episode 1-26)
VHS
"The volume of love" (episode 37, 49)
"The volume of dream" (episode 34, 64)
DVD

This series has not been released on DVD, and there are no plans to do so.

Given Jansson's distaste for the 1969 series, her heirs are unlikely to grant permission for a DVD release in the foreseeable future. Moreover, several conflicting copyright claims exist on the Japanese side.

See also

References

  1. ^ Jonathan Clements, Helen McCarthy. The anime encyclopedia. Stone Bridge Press, 2006. ISBN 9781933330105.
  2. ^ "vol.9 世界の人を魅了した初代ムーミン". おおすみ正秋の仕事場. Retrieved 2019-09-14.