Mount Paiko
A view of Mount Paiko
Highest point
Elevation1,650 m (5,410 ft)[1]
Coordinates40°57′11.51″N 22°20′8.98″E / 40.9531972°N 22.3358278°E / 40.9531972; 22.3358278Coordinates: 40°57′11.51″N 22°20′8.98″E / 40.9531972°N 22.3358278°E / 40.9531972; 22.3358278[2]
Geography
Mount Paiko
Mount Paiko
Location of Mount Paiko
LocationGreece
Parent rangeCentral Macedonia

Mountain Paiko or Pajak in Bulgarian (Greek: Πάικο| Paiko) is a small mountain range (surface area: 399 km2[3]) that lies on the border of the Pella and Kilkis regional units in Central Macedonia, Greece.[4][5]

Monasteries, Churches and Chapels of Paiko, in the Prefecture of Kilkis

The Administrative Head of the Monasteries & Churches of Paionia is the Metropolitan of Goumenissa, Axioupolis and Polykastro Dimitrios.

Church of Agios Athanasios

Main article: el:Γρίβα Κιλκίς § Ιερός Ναός Αγίου Αθανασίου

The Church of Agios Athanasios is located in Griva.

Monastery of Panagia Goumenissa

Main article: el:Μοναστήρι της Παναγίας της Γουμένισσας

The monastery of Panagia Goumenissa,[6] was the occasion to create the small town of the same name which is the seat of the newly established (since 1991 AD) Diocese of Goumenissi, Axioupolis and Polykastro.

Holy Monastery of Saints Raphael, Nicholas and Irene

Main article: el:Γρίβα Κιλκίς § Ιερά Μονή των Αγίων Ραφαήλ, Νικολάου και Ειρήνης

The Holy Monastery of Saints Raphael, Nicholas and Irene is located on a verdant slope of Mount Paikos, at an altitude of 600 m. Overlooking the valley of Axios, in the area of Griva and at a distance of 7 km. from Goumenissa.

Chapel of Saints Antonios and Theodoros Grivas

Main article: el:Γρίβα Κιλκίς § Εξωκλήσι Αγίων Αντωνίου και Θεοδώρου Γρίβας

Outside Griva and at a distance of about 1.5 km, in a lush oak forest, is the chapel of Agios Antonios, a single-aisled basilica with a dome, which dates from 1901. The church was rebuilt in 1993.

Holy Monastery (convent) of Saint Nicodemus of Mount Athos

Main article: el:Μονή Οσίου Νικοδήμου Πενταλόφου

The Holy Monastery of Saint Nicodemus of Mount Athos is located in Central Macedonia and Paeonia of Kilkis. It is built on the eastern slopes of Mount Paiko at an altitude of 700 meters and west of the river Axios. It is 70 km NW. from Thessaloniki, 53 km W. from Kilkis and 22 km W.-ND. from Polykastro. To the east is Goumenissa, to the southeast is Pentalofos and to the northeast is Griva. The monastery is manly and was founded in 1981. It is part of the Holy Monastery of Simon Petra of Mount Athos and ecclesiastically belongs to the Diocese of Goumenissa, Axioupolis and Polykastro.

Geography

Morphologically, Paiko is a curvy extension to the north east of the adjacent Voras mountain range. Together they surround the plain of Aridea. East and south of Paiko are the plains of the Vardar (Axios) river and the plains of Giannitsa respectively.

The highest peaks are Skra (1,097 m (3,599 ft)), Tsouma (1,219 m (3,999 ft)), Vertopia (1,490 m (4,890 ft)), Pirgos (1,494 m (4,902 ft)), Kadasti (1,607 m (5,272 ft)) and Ghola Tsouka (1,650 m (5,410 ft)). Pirgos, Vertopia and Kadasti surround a large plateau (formerly native grassland) at altitude around 1,200 m (3,900 ft). Most areas of the plateau are residential or cultivated.[5][1]

Geology

Paiko is composed of igneous and sedimentary rocks, mainly carbonatite and ophiolite. Sedimentary rocks are found mostly in the north eastern areas.[1][7]

Hydrology

Skra lake and waterfalls
Skra lake and waterfalls
Platanus forest
Platanus forest

Paiko is rich in surface and underground bodies of water, often potable. Springs exist at the foothills and small wetlands, connected by several streams, can be found at high altitudes. Two waterfalls and a lagoon of blue-green waters are located near the Skra peak.[1][5][8]

East of the mountain is a small artificial lake (Lake Metalleiou) 35 m deep and of circumference around 4 km.[9]

Life

Flora

The vegetation of Paiko is considered lush.[5] Large trees include:[5][10][11][12]

Smaller plants and fungi include:[5]

Fauna

Beside mammals (deer, rabbits) and vultures, notable animals include:[1]

At Lake Metalleiou humans have introduced trout. Fishing is allowed under controlled conditions.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2010-04-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Mount paiko coordinates - Wolfram|Alpha".
  3. ^ http://www.goumenissa.gr/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=173&Itemid=241
  4. ^ Google Earth
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2010-04-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ [1][dead link] The monastery of Panagia Goumenissa (Βίντεο)
  7. ^ http://www.e-city.gr/kilkis/home/view/1302.php
  8. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-27. Retrieved 2010-04-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Agrotravel.gr".
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2010-04-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ http://www.nagref.gr/journals/de/de19_59.pdf
  12. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2010-04-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ http://www.ethnos.gr/article.asp?catid=11900&subid=2&pubid=5454851
  14. ^ "Στο δρόμο… του χανιώτικου κρασιού | Η ΚΑΘΗΜΕΡΙΝΗ".