Movement for Change
Κίνημα Αλλαγής
AbbreviationKINAL
PresidentNikos Androulakis
SecretaryManolis Christodoulakis [el]
Founded28 November 2017 (launch)
16–18 March 2018 (foundation)
Preceded byDemocratic Alignment
Youth wingNew Generation of Change Movement[1]
IdeologySocial democracy
Pro-Europeanism
Political positionCentre[2] to Centre-left[3]
European affiliationParty of European Socialists
International affiliationSocialist International
Progressive Alliance
European Parliament groupProgressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
Member partiesPASOK
KIDISO
Former member partiesThe River (2017–2018)
DIMAR (2017–2019)
Parliament
22 / 300
European Parliament
2 / 21
Regional Governors
1 / 13
Regional Councilors
94 / 703
Mayors
7 / 332
Website
kinimaallagis.gr Edit this at Wikidata

The Movement for Change (KINAL; Greek: Κίνημα Αλλαγής, romanizedKínima Allagís, ΚΙΝΑΛ)[4] is a political alliance in Greece, founded in March 2018, mainly affiliated with the centre and the centre-left of the political spectrum. It includes the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) and Movement of Democratic Socialists (KIDISO), and formerly included The River and Democratic Left (DIMAR).

History

In July 2017, PASOK leader Fofi Gennimata announced the formation of a new unified centre-left party in Greece before the end of the year.[5] In the summer of 2017, Stavros Theodorakis, leader and founder of The River also decided to participate in the creation of the party. After the leadership election, both PASOK–DIMAR and The River planned to continue with separate parliamentary groups until the new party's founding congress, scheduled for spring 2018.[6][7] On 12 November 2017, the first round of leadership elections was held to select the new party's founding leader. Nine initial leadership candidates included Gennimata, Theodorakis, Athens mayor Giorgos Kaminis, PASOK MEP Nikos Androulakis, EDEM party leader Apostolos Pontas, academic Constantinos Gatsios, former PASOK ministers Yiannis Maniatis and Yiannis Ragousis, and Dimitris Tziotis.[8][9] The candidates reaching the second-round election were Gennimata, with 44.5% of the vote, and Androulakis, with 25.4%.[10][11] The run-off on 19 November was won by Gennimata, who garnered 56% of the vote.[12][13] On 28 November 2017, “Movement for Change” (Kinima Allagis) was announced as the preliminary name of the party.[14][15] On 2 December 2017, the party's six-member ruling council was announced, being composed of Gennimata, Theodorakis, Androulakis, Kaminis, DIMAR leader Thanasis Theocharopoulos and former PASOK Prime Minister George Papandreou.[16]

The party held its founding congress on 16–18 March in Athens. During the congress, the new logo was unveiled and the party's charter and policy program was approved by the overwhelming majority of members.[17][18]

On 2 July 2018, The River left KINAL.[19] On 20 January 2019, DIMAR also left KINAL due to its position of supporting the Prespa agreement.[20] On 1 June 2019 former PASOK leader Evangelos Venizelos left KINAL, accusing Gennimata of turning the Movement into "SYRIZA's tail".[21]

KINAL increased its obtained seats in the 2019 Greek legislative election compared to Democratic Alignment, becoming Greece's third-largest party or coalition and securing 22 seats in the Hellenic Parliament.[citation needed] In October 2021, Gennimata announced that she would step down from the position of the party's leader for health reasons. She later died of cancer on 25 October 2021.[22][23][citation needed]

Elections for the new leader took place in December 2021, with the main candidates being Andreas Loverdos, Nikos Androulakis, and George Papandreou. Nikos Androulakis was elected to lead the KINAL and PASOK on 12 December 2021.[24]

Election Results

Hellenic Parliament

Election Hellenic Parliament Rank Government Leader
Votes % ±pp Seats won +/−
2019 457,519 8.1% New
22 / 300
Increase5 #3 Opposition Fofi Gennimata

European Parliament

European Parliament
Election Votes % ±pp Seats won +/− Rank Leader
2019 436,735 7.72% Decrease0.3
2 / 21
±0 #3 Fofi Gennimata

References

  1. ^ "Κίνημα Μαθητών, μία νέα αρχή".
  2. ^ Schmidt, Vivien A. (15 May 2020). Europe's Crisis of Legitimacy: Governing by Rules and Ruling by Numbers in the Eurozone. Oxford University Press. p. 350. ISBN 978-0-19-879705-0.
  3. ^ Kostas Tasoulas secures wide MP support as new House president. Kathimerini.
  4. ^ "ΚΙΝΑΛ: Αποστάσεις από ΣΥΡΙΖΑ και Ν.Δ. με το βλέμμα στα γκάλοπ". Kathimerini.
  5. ^ "New Center-Left Party to Be Formed by December in Greece". Greece.greekreporter.com. July 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  6. ^ "Theodorakis outlines road map for new center-left party". Ekathimerini.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  7. ^ "Center-left candidate shoots barbs after televised debate". Ekathimerini.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  8. ^ "Polls Opened in Greece for Leader of New Centre-Left Party". Greece.greekreporter.com. 12 November 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 November 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2017.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Fofi Gennimata Closes in on Leadership of New Centre-Left Party in Greece". Greece.greekreporter.com. 12 November 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  11. ^ "Gennimata, Androulakis head for center-left leader poll runoff". Ekathimerini.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  12. ^ "New Center-Left Coalition Party Elects PASOK Leader Fofi Gennimata". Greece.greekreporter.com. 20 November 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  13. ^ "Gennimata elected leader of the center-left party to be created". Ekathimerini.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  14. ^ "Name of center-left grouping to be Movement for Change". Ekathimerini.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  15. ^ "Movement of Change: Greek Centre-Left Coalition Unveils Name". Greece.greekreporter.com. 28 November 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  16. ^ "Center-left reveals members of top decision-making body". Ekathimerini.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  17. ^ "New center left party wraps up inaugural conference unveils new logo". Ekathimerini.com. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  18. ^ balkaneu.com
  19. ^ "Αποχώρηση από το Ποτάμι μετά το διαζύγιο με το ΚΙΝΑΛ". Kathimerini.
  20. ^ "Συμφωνία των Πρεσπών". CNN Greece.
  21. ^ "Venizelos quits socialist KINAL | Kathimerini". www.ekathimerini.com. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  22. ^ "KINAL leader Fofi Gennimata dies at 56 after a long battle with cancer". 25 October 2021. Retrieved 25 October 2021.
  23. ^ "Greek Socialist leader Gennimata dies after long illness". AP NEWS. 25 October 2021. Archived from the original on 25 October 2021.
  24. ^ Nikos Androulakis Elected New Leader of Greece’s Center-Left