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mu
hiragana
japanese hiragana mu
katakana
japanese katakana mu
transliterationmu
hiragana origin
katakana origin
Man'yōgana牟 武 無 模 務 謀 六
spelling kana無線のム Musen no "mu"
unicodeU+3080, U+30E0
braille⠽

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, which each represent one mora. The hiragana is written with three strokes, while the katakana is written with two. Both represent [mɯ].

In older Japanese texts until the spelling reforms of 1900, む was also used to transcribe the nasalised [ɴ]. Since the reforms, it is replaced in such positions with .

In the Ainu language, ム can be written as small ㇺ, which represents a final m sound.[1] This, along with other extended katakana, was developed by Japanese linguists to represent Ainu sounds that do not exist in standard Japanese katakana.

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal m-
(ま行 ma-gyō)
mu
muu, mwu
むう, むぅ
むー
ムウ, ムゥ
ムー
Other additional forms
Form (mw-)
Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
mwa むぁ, むゎ ムァ, ムヮ
mwi むぃ ムィ
(mwu) (むぅ) (ムゥ)
mwe むぇ ムェ
mwo むぉ ムォ

Stroke order

Stroke order in writing む
Stroke order in writing む
Stroke order in writing ム
Stroke order in writing ム
Stroke order in writing む
Stroke order in writing ム

Other communicative representations

Japanese radiotelephony alphabet Wabun code
無線のム
Musen no "Mu"
  ▄▄▄ 

⠽
Japanese Navy Signal Flag Japanese semaphore Japanese manual syllabary (fingerspelling) Braille dots-13456
Japanese Braille
む / ム in Japanese Braille
む / ム
mu
むう / ムー
Other kana based on Braille
みゅ / ミュ
myu
みゅう / ミュー
myū
⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456) ⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
Character information
Preview
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER MU KATAKANA LETTER MU HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER MU KATAKANA LETTER SMALL MU CIRCLED KATAKANA MU
Encodings decimal hex dec hex dec hex dec hex dec hex
Unicode 12416 U+3080 12512 U+30E0 65425 U+FF91 12794 U+31FA 13040 U+32F0
UTF-8 227 130 128 E3 82 80 227 131 160 E3 83 A0 239 190 145 EF BE 91 227 135 186 E3 87 BA 227 139 176 E3 8B B0
Numeric character reference む む ム ム ム ム ㇺ ㇺ ㋰ ㋰
Shift JIS (plain)[2] 130 222 82 DE 131 128 83 80 209 D1
Shift JIS-2004[3] 130 222 82 DE 131 128 83 80 209 D1 131 247 83 F7
EUC-JP (plain)[4] 164 224 A4 E0 165 224 A5 E0 142 209 8E D1
EUC-JIS-2004[5] 164 224 A4 E0 165 224 A5 E0 142 209 8E D1 166 249 A6 F9
GB 18030[6] 164 224 A4 E0 165 224 A5 E0 132 49 154 53 84 31 9A 35 129 57 189 52 81 39 BD 34
EUC-KR[7] / UHC[8] 170 224 AA E0 171 224 AB E0
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[9] 198 228 C6 E4 199 120 C7 78
Big5 (ETEN / HKSCS)[10] 199 103 C7 67 199 220 C7 DC

See also

References

  1. ^ "Katakana Phonetic Extensions – Test for Unicode support in Web browsers".
  2. ^ Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-03-08]. "Shift-JIS to Unicode".
  3. ^ Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "Shift_JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 1) vs Unicode mapping table".((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ Unicode Consortium; IBM. "EUC-JP-2007". International Components for Unicode.
  5. ^ Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "EUC-JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 3) vs Unicode mapping table".((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ Standardization Administration of China (SAC) (2005-11-18). GB 18030-2005: Information Technology—Chinese coded character set.
  7. ^ Unicode Consortium; IBM. "IBM-970". International Components for Unicode.
  8. ^ Steele, Shawn (2000). "cp949 to Unicode table". Microsoft / Unicode Consortium.
  9. ^ Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-02-11]. "BIG5 to Unicode table (complete)".
  10. ^ van Kesteren, Anne. "big5". Encoding Standard. WHATWG.