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Multan
ضِلع مُلتان
Shrine Shah Rukn-e-Alam.jpg
Aerial view of Multan Ghanta Ghar chawk.jpg
Top: Tomb of Shah Rukn-e-Alam
Bottom: Aerial view of Ghanta Ghar Chowk
Multan District highlighted within Punjab Province
Multan District highlighted within Punjab Province
Coordinates: 29°56′N 71°22′E / 29.933°N 71.367°E / 29.933; 71.367Coordinates: 29°56′N 71°22′E / 29.933°N 71.367°E / 29.933; 71.367
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
DivisionMultan
HeadquartersMultan
Number of Tehsils4
Government
 • TypeDistrict Administration
 • Deputy CommissionerMudasir Riaz Malik
 • District Police OfficerN/A
 • District Health OfficerN/A
Area
 • Total3,721 km2 (1,437 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)[4]
 • Total4,746,166
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PKT)
LanguagesSaraiki, Punjabi, Urdu
Websitemultan.punjab.gov.pk

Multan District (Urdu: ضِلع مُلتان), is a district in the Punjab province of Pakistan. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan it had a population of 3,116,851 (1.315 million or 42.2% in urban areas).[1][3][5] Its capital is the city of Multan. The district of Multan is spread over an area of 3,721 square kilometres. The district consists of tehsils of Multan saddar, Multan city, Jalalpur Pirwala and Shujabad.[6]

History

Vehari, Khanewal and Lodhran were Tehsils of Multan district. Vehari was made separate district in 1976. Khanewal was cut off from Multan and made a separate district in 1985. Lodhran was split off as a separate district from Multan in 1991.[7]

Location

Multan District is surrounded by the Khanewal to the North and North East, the Vehari to the East and Lodhran to the South. The Chenab River passes on its Western side, across which lies Muzaffargarh.

Demographics

At the time of the 2017 census the district had a population of 4,746,166, of which 2,435,195 were males and 2,310,408 females. Rural population is 2,687,246 while the urban population is 2,058,920. The literacy rate was 60.21%.

Religion

As per the 2017 census, Muslims were the predominant religious community with 99.37% of the population while Christians were 0.54% of the population.[4]

Religion in Multan District[a]
Religion Population (1941)[8]: 42  Percentage (1941)
Islam
Star and Crescent.svg
1,157,911 78.01%
Hinduism
Om.svg
[b]
249,872 16.83%
Sikhism
Khanda.svg
61,628 4.15%
Christianity
Christian cross.svg
13,270 0.89%
Others [c] 1,652 0.11%
Total Population 1,484,333 100%

Language

At the time of the 2017 census, 64.41% of the population spoke Saraiki, 17.77% Punjabi and 16.20% Urdu as their first language.[4]

Tehsils

  1. Jalalpur Pirwala
  2. Multan City
  3. Multan Saddar
  4. Shujabad

References

  1. ^ a b "Multan District at Glance". Population Census Organization, Government of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
  2. ^ "Punjab-Population of Urban Places 1901-98". Urban Resource Centre. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007.
  3. ^ a b "Pakistan: General Information". Geohive. Geohive. Archived from the original on 6 April 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
  4. ^ a b c "District Wise Results / Tables (Census - 2017)". www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  5. ^ "Punjab-Population of Urban Places 1901-98". Urban Resource Centre. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007.
  6. ^ "District Profile | Multan". multan.punjab.gov.pk. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
  7. ^ "Our History | Multan". multan.punjab.gov.pk. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
  8. ^ "CENSUS OF INDIA, 1941 VOLUME VI PUNJAB PROVINCE". Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  1. ^ Historic district borders may not be an exact match in the present-day due to various bifurcations to district borders — which since created new districts — throughout the historic Punjab Province region during the post-independence era that have taken into account population increases.
  2. ^ 1941 census: Including Ad-Dharmis
  3. ^ Including Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, or not stated