Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire
AuthorMichael Hardt and Antonio Negri
CountryUnited States
SubjectPolitical Science
PublisherPenguin Books
Publication date
Media typePrint (Hardcover & Paperback)
Pages448 pp.
321.8 22
LC ClassJC423 .H364 2004
Preceded byEmpire 
Followed byCommonwealth 

Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire is a book by autonomous Marxist philosophers Antonio Negri and Michael Hardt that was published in 2004. It is the second installment of a "trilogy", also comprising Empire (2000) and Commonwealth (2009).


Multitude is divided into three sections: "War," which addresses the current "global civil war";[1] "Multitude," which elucidates the "multitude" as an "active social subject, which acts on the basis of what the singularities share in common";[1] and, "Democracy," which critiques traditional forms of political representation and gestures toward alternatives.

Multitude addresses these issues and elaborates on the assertion, in the Preface to Empire, that:

"The creative forces of the multitude that sustain Empire are also capable of autonomously constructing a counter-Empire, an alternative political organization of global flows and exchanges."[2]


  1. ^ a b Antonio Negri and Michael Hardt. Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire. Penguin Books. 2009. Pg. 4. Pg. 100.
  2. ^ Antonio Negri and Michael Hardt. Empire. Harvard University Press. 2000. Pg 15.

Further reading