Mundzuk was a Hunnic chieftain, brother of the Hunnic rulers Octar and Rugila, and father of Bleda and Attila by an unknown consort. Jordanes in Getica recounts "For this Attila was the son of Mundzucus, whose brothers were Octar and Ruas, who were supposed to have been kings before Attila, although not altogether of the same [territories] as he".[1]

Etymology

The name is recorded as Mundzucus by Jordanes, Mundiucus by Cassiodorus, Μουνδίουχος (Moundioukhos) by Priscus, and Μουνδίου (Moundiou) by Theophanes of Byzantium.[2][3] Gyula Németh and László Rásonyi argued that the name is a transcription of Turkic munčuq, munʒuq, minʒaq, bunčuq, bonʒuq, mončuq, with the potential meanings of "jewel, pearl, bead" or "flag".[4][5] Omeljan Pritsak argued that the name of the Gepid general Mundus had the same etymology.[6]

Legacy

Known as Bendegúz in Hungarian,[7] he appears in Hungary's national anthem as an ancestor of the Hungarians.[8] The name is also present in Croatian, forming the surname Mandžukić. As a female given name, the Turkic name still lives in Turkish as well, as “Boncuk (Bondjuk)”.

References

  1. ^ Maenchen-Helfen 1973, p. 81.
  2. ^ Maenchen-Helfen 1973, p. 409.
  3. ^ Pritsak 1982, p. 438.
  4. ^ Maenchen-Helfen 1973, p. 410–411.
  5. ^ Pritsak 1982, p. 439.
  6. ^ Pritsak 1982, p. 453.
  7. ^ János Arany (1936). The Death of King Buda: A Hungarian Epic Poem. Benjamin Franklin Bibliophile Society. p. 129.
  8. ^ Hippokratis Kiaris (2012). Genes, Polymorphisms, and the Making of Societies: How Genetic Behavioral Traits Influence Human Cultures. Universal-Publishers. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-61233-093-8.
Sources