Municipalities of Quebec around 1965
Municipalities of Quebec around 1965

The municipal history of Quebec started in 1796 with the creation of administrations for Montréal and Quebec City, but it really developed immediately prior to the creation of the Province of Canada in 1841 with the formation of municipal districts,[1] followed in March 1845 when the Parliament of the Province of Canada adopted an Act to create local authorities in Lower Canada which took effect in July 1845.[2]

The structure was abolished and replaced in September 1847 by a system of county municipalities, whose councillors were elected from the parishes and townships existing therein,[3] with provision for the creation of towns and villages that would be separated from their counties.[4] Further reform came into effect in July 1855[5] for all parts of Lower Canada other than Montreal, Quebec City and Saint-Hyacinthe,[6] which included provision for the creation of local councils for parishes and townships,[7] the representation of towns and villages on county councils,[8] and the formation of towns and villages by order in council upon the recommendation of the relevant county council.[9] The municipal law of Lower Canada was consolidated into a single Act in 1860.[10]

For more than a century localities changed little. The major modifications were from the colonization of new territories. Until 2002 and 2006, there were no major reorganizations in the municipal history of Quebec, with the notable exceptions of Laval, Mirabel and Bécancour.

Municipal chronology

1796

1841

1845

1846

1847

1848

1855

1960

1961

1962

1963

1965

Communauté urbaine de Québec

1970

1991

[1]

1992

[2]

1993

[3]

1994

[4] [5]

1995

[6][permanent dead link] [7]

1996

[8]

1997

[9]

1998

[10]

1999

[11]

2000

[12]

2001

[13]

2002

[14] [15]

2003

[16]

2004

[17]

2005

[18]

2006

[19]

2007

[20]

2008

[21]

2009

[22]

2010

[23]

2011

[24]

2012

[25]

2013

[26]

2014

[27]

2015

[28]

2016

[29]

2017

[30]

2018

[31]

2019

[32]

2020

[33]

2021

[34]

2022

[35]

See also

References

  1. ^ An Ordinance to prescribe the election and appointment of certain officers, in the several Parishes and Townships in this Province, and to make other provisions for the local interests of the Inhabitants of these Divisions of the Province, Ord.L.C. 4 Vic., c. 3 , An Ordinance to provide for the better internal Government of this Province, by the establishment of local and municipal authorities therein, Ord.L.C. 4 Vic., c. 4
  2. ^ An Act to repeal certain Ordinances therein mentioned, and to make better provisions for the establishment of Local and Municipal Authorities in Lower Canada, S.Prov.C. 8 Vic., c. 40
  3. ^ An Act to make better provision for the establishment of Municipal Authorities in Lower Canada, S.Prov.C. 10-11 Vic., c. 7
  4. ^ 10-11 Vic. c. 7, Second Part
  5. ^ Lower Canada Municipal and Road Act of 1855, S.Prov.C. 18 Vic., c. 100
  6. ^ 18 Vic. c. 100, s. 4
  7. ^ 18 Vic. c. 100, s. 10
  8. ^ 18 Vic. c. 100, s. 11
  9. ^ 18 Vic. c. 100, s. 34
  10. ^ An Act respecting Municipalities and Roads in Lower Canada, S.Prov.C. 23 Vic., c. 61
  11. ^ http://www.stat.gouv.qc.ca/publications/referenc/pdf/Mod1993.pdf[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "Modifications aux municipalités du Québec" (PDF). Plan Stratégique. Bureau de la statistique du Québec. May 1998. ISSN 0843-8250. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-01-15. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
  13. ^ "Modifications aux municipalités du Québec" (PDF). Plan Stratégique. Bureau de la statistique du Québec. August 1997. ISSN 0843-8250. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-01-15. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
  14. ^ "Modifications aux municipalités du Québec" (PDF). Plan Stratégique. Bureau de la statistique du Québec. September 1998. ISSN 0843-8250. Retrieved 2012-05-20.[permanent dead link]
  15. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). stat.gouv.qc.ca. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 December 2006. Retrieved 30 June 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "Geographic code (({1))} in the official Répertoire des municipalités". www.mamh.gouv.qc.ca (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales et de l'Habitation.
  17. ^ "Table 6 Changes to census division types in Quebec, 2001 to 2006".
  18. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2003-07-29. Retrieved 2012-05-22.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ "Geographic code (({1))} in the official Répertoire des municipalités". www.mamh.gouv.qc.ca (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales et de l'Habitation.
  20. ^ "Modifications aux municipalités du Québec" (PDF). Modifications Aux Municipalités du Québec. Bureau de la statistique du Québec. March 2013. ISSN 1715-6408. Retrieved 2013-08-21.[permanent dead link]