Murtada al-Zabidi
Bilgram, Hardoi district, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died1790 (aged 58)
Cairo, Egypt
OccupationMuslim Scholar, Lexicographer
Notable worksTāj al-ʿArūs (تاج العروس)

Al-Murtaḍá al-Husaynī al-Zabīdī (Arabic: المرتضى الحسيني الزبيدي‎), or Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad Murtaḍá al-Zabīdī was an Islamic scholar 1732-1790 (1145-1205AH).[1] He is also the author of the renowned dictionary Taj al-Arus Min Jawahir al-Qamus (تاج العروس.

Murtaḍá' was born in 1732 (1145AH) in Bilgram Hardoi district, Uttar Pradesh, India). His family originated from Wasit in Iraq, from where his parents had emigrated to the Hadramawt region in the east of Yemen – where the Husaynī tribe is situated. Murtaḍá earned his nisba 'al-Zabīdī' from Zabīd in the south western coastal plains of Yemen, which was a centre of academic learning where he had spent time studying. He died in Egypt during a plague in 1790 (1205AH).

He was affiliated with the Naqshbandi Sufi order. One source says it was the Rifayia Sufi order.[citation needed]



  1. ^ Reichmuth, Stefan (2009). The World of Murtaḍá Al-Zabīdī (1732-91): Life, Networks and Writings. Gibb Memorial Trust. Cover. ISBN 9780906094600.
  2. ^ Muhanna, Elias (2017). The World in a Book: Al-Nuwayri and the Islamic Encyclopedic Tradition. Princeton University Press. p. 55. ISBN 9780691175560.