Muyunkum is located in Kazakhstan
Location in Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 43°53′N 71°52′E / 43.883°N 71.867°E / 43.883; 71.867Coordinates: 43°53′N 71°52′E / 43.883°N 71.867°E / 43.883; 71.867
LocationKazakhstan / Kyrgyzstan
 • Total37,500 km2 (14,500 sq mi)
300 meters (980 ft) to 700 meters (2,300 ft)

The Muyunkum Desert (Kazakh: Мойынқұм, Moiynqūm, is a desert in the Jambyl Region of southern Kazakhstan.

Common plant types in the desert include the saksaul, milkvetch, mugwort and sedge.


It extends from the Chu River in the north to the Karatau Mountains and Kyrgyz Ala-Too Range In the south and east. Its altitude varies from 300m in the north to 700m in the southeast. The elevations range from from 300 meters (980 ft) in the northern sector to 700 meters (2,300 ft) in the southeast.[1]


The climate of the desert is continental. Temperatures drop to as low as -40 °C in January and rise to around 50 °C in July.[2]


The desert is known to harbor deposits of uranium, with the South Inkai mine of Uranium One and the Inkai Uranium Project of Cameco. The uranium mines at Tortkuduk and Muyunkum are operated by the Franco-Kazakh firm KATCO.[3]

See also


  1. ^ Муюнкум; Great Soviet Encyclopedia in 30 vols. — Ch. ed. A.M. Prokhorov. - 3rd ed. - M. Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969-1978. (in Russian)
  2. ^ Planet, Lonely (2011-10-20). Asie Centrale - Kazakhstan (in French). Place Des Editeurs. ISBN 9782816118834.
  3. ^ "The 10 biggest uranium mines in the world". Retrieved 2016-02-01.