Myanmar National League
Founded16 May 2009
First season2009
CountryMyanmar
ConfederationAFC
Number of teams12
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toMNL-2
Domestic cup(s)Charity Cup
League cup(s)General Aung San Shield
International cup(s)AFC Cup
AFC Champions League
ASEAN Club Championship
Current championsShan United
(2020)
Most championshipsYangon United
(5 titles)
Most appearancesYan Aung Kyaw
Top goalscorerCésar (95)
TV partnersMRTV Sports (Live)
Channel-7 (Highlights) MRTV (FTA)
Eleven Sports (Online Media)
MyCujoo (Online Media)
Websitewww.themnl.com
Current: 2020 season

The MPT Myanmar National League (Burmese: မြန်မာ နေရှင်နယ် လိဂ်; abbreviated MNL) is the premier national professional football league of Myanmar. In 2009, the league replaced the Myanmar Premier League, which consisted only of 14 Yangon-based football clubs, with eight professional clubs representing different regions across the nation.[1] On 16 May 2009, the league launched its inaugural two-month tournament, the Myanmar National League Cup 2009 in preparation for the first full season in 2010.[2] Despite its national ambitions, the league held the MNL Cup 2009 matches in the country's two main stadiums in Yangon due to the lack of adequate facilities elsewhere. On 5 July 2009, Yadanabon FC defeated Yangon United FC in the MNL Cup final to become the first-ever MNL Champions.

The league added three clubs for the 2010 season[3] and one more club joined for the 2011 season, bringing the total to twelve clubs.[4] Two more clubs representing the Chin and Shan States will participate in the MNL season starting in January 2012.[5]

Promotion and relegation will be added by the 2014 season as the MNL looks to expand once again.[6]

History

Origins

In the past, professional football competition in Myanmar has only existed in a limited form. All premier leagues up to this point have been made up of Yangon-based football clubs, most of which were affiliated with government Ministries. It was only after 1996, when the Premier League (Burmese: ပထမတန်း) was relaunched as the Myanmar Premier League that non-government clubs were invited to join the league. Still, the league was based only in Yangon, and never caught the imagination of Burmese football fans, who follow European football with near religious fervor.

The Myanmar Football Federation sought approval from the government to launch a nationwide league in February 2008, and finally received permission to set up private clubs in December 2008. Each club was permitted to sign at most five foreign players and one foreign coach. The government granted each club tax exemptions for an initial three-year period, while each club owner must provide a minimum initial investment of K200 million (approximately US$200,000). It was expected that the annual operating cost for each club would be about K500 million (US$500,000).[1] The investment apparently covers costs such as salaries, transportation and equipment, but does not include the club stadiums, which are all nationalized.[7]

Myanmar Derby

Myanmar Derby or The Classic Match of Myanmar is the matchup between Yangon United and Yadanarbon. It is the matchup that presents Myanmar football in the modern era. The name was given to the encounter of two teams due to the hype and massive atmosphere around the match. The first encounter between them happened in the 2009 MNL Cup season. On 18 June 2009, Yadanarbon and Yangon United met at Thuwunna Stadium, Yangon. Before the match, Yadanarbon was the leader in the table after 3 matches of the season while Yangon followed in second with one less point. Yadanarbon made the lead by 2–1 in the first forty-five minutes but Yangon bounced back to draw by the 2–2 result at the end. The match was full of the exciting and dramatic moments. Then, it was considered one of the most classic matches in Myanmar League history. The Yangon United versus Yadanarbon matchup was dubbed as "Myanmar Derby" ever since then.

Yangon Utd dominance

The Yangon Utd Dominance refers to the 2011 to 2013 season, which Yangon United won Myanmar National League in three consecutive seasons as the first club in the league history.

The first invincible

In 2019 season, Shan United under Mr. Aung Naing head coach Myanmar, had become the first club in the league history that completed the season with an unbeaten record. Shan United finished at the top of the final standing with 12 wins and 10 draws.

Champions

See also: List of MNL champions

(For Burmese Champions before 2009, see Myanmar Premier League)

# Year Winners Runners-up
1 2009 Yadanarbon Ayeyawady United
2 2010 Yadanarbon Zeyar Shwe Myay
3 2011 Yangon United Ayeyawady United
4 2012 Yangon United Kanbawza FC
5 2013 Yangon United Nay Pyi Taw
6 2014 Yadanarbon Yangon United
7 2015 Yangon United Yadanarbon
8 2016 Yadanarbon Yangon United
9 2017 Shan United Yangon United
10 2018 Yangon United Shan United
11 2019 Shan United Ayeyawady United
12 2020 Shan United[8] Hanthawaddy United

Wins by club

Club Champions Runners-up Winning Seasons Runners-up Seasons
Yangon United
5
3
2011, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2018 2014, 2016, 2017
Yadanarbon
4
1
2009, 2010, 2014, 2016 2015
Shan United
3
2
2017, 2019, 2020 2012, 2018
Ayeyawady United
0
3
2009, 2011, 2019
Nay Pyi Taw
0
1
2013
Zeyar Shwe Myay
0
1
2010
Hantharwady United
0
1
2020

The Invincibles

Unbeaten champions:

Clubs

Name Change

Delta United changed their name to Ayeyawady United to represent the Ayeyawady Division. Okkathar United changed their name to Hantharwaddy United to represent the Bago Division. Mahar United changed their name to Sagaing United to represent the Sagaing Division.

2021 Locations and Stadiums

Club Home City Stadium Capacity
Ayeyawady United Pathein Ayar Stadium 6,000
Chinland Chin Hakha Stadium* 10,000
Hantharwady United Bago Grand Royal Stadium 4,000
I.S.P.E Mandalay Mandalarthiri Stadium 30,000
Myawady Nay Pyi Taw Wunna Theikdi Stadium 30,000
Rakhine United Sittwe Weithali Stadium 7,000
Sagaing United Monywa Monywa Stadium 5,000
Shan United Taunggyi Taunggyi Stadium 7,000
Yadanarbon Mandalay Bahtoo Stadium 17,000
Yangon United Yangon Yangon United Sports Complex 3,500

(*) – not ready to play. MNL clubs that have not had their home stadia ready to host home matches currently use Aung San Stadium and Thuwunna Stadium in Yangon.[9]

Records

See also: Football records in Myanmar

All-time top scorers

As of 13 February 2021
Myanmar League
Rank Player Period Goals Apps
1 Brazil Cézar 2012–2015, 2017 95 108
2 Liberia Keith Nah 2014, 2015–2016, 2019– 61 94
3 Myanmar Win Naing Soe 2015– 61
4 Myanmar Soe Min Oo 2009-2014 46
5 Guinea Sylla Sekou 2014-2019 43

Figures for active players (in bold).

Most appearances

As of February 2021
Rank Player Position Apps Goals
1 Myanmar Yan Aung Kyaw 2009–2020 298 18
2 Myanmar Kyi Lin 2009– 185 19
3 Myanmar Thiha Sithu 2009–
4 Myanmar David Htan 2009–

Figures for active players (in bold) .

Player statistics

Awards

Prize money

Top scorers

Year Nation Player Club Goal
2020 Nigeria Raphael Success[10] Ayeyawady United 16
2019 Myanmar Win Naing Soe Yadanarbon 18
2018 Uganda Joseph Mpande Hanthawaddy United 18
2017 Liberia Keith Martu Nah Ayeyawady United 15
Nigeria Christopher Chizoba Shan United
2016 Myanmar Win Naing Soe Yadanarbon 16
Liberia Keith Martu Nah
Nigeria Christopher Chizoba Ayeyawady United
2015 Brazil César Augusto Yangon United 28
2014 Brazil César Augusto Yangon United 26
2013 Brazil César Augusto Yangon United 20
2012 Serbia Saša Ranković Zeya Shwe Myay 20
2011 Nigeria Charles Obi Yangon United 18
2010 Cameroon Jean-Roger Lappé-Lappé Hantharwady United 20
2009-10 Myanmar Soe Min Oo Shan United 12
2009 Myanmar Yan Paing Yadanarbon 8

Coach of the Year

Season Coach Club
2020 Myanmar Aung Naing Shan United
2019 MyanmarAung Naing Shan United
2018 MyanmarMyo Min Tun Yangon United
2017 MyanmarSoe Myat Min Shan United
2016 BelgiumRené Desaeyere Yadanarbon
2015 Serbia Saric Yangon United
2014 Myanmar U Khin Maung Tint Yadanarbon
2013 Australia Eric Williams Yangon United
2012 Bulgaria Ivan Venkov Kolev Yangon United
2011 Australia Eric Williams Yangon United
2010 France Yoan Yadanarbon
2009 France Yoan Yadanarbon

Player of the Year

Season Player Club
2020
2019 MyanmarDavid Htan Shan United
2018 MyanmarMaung Maung Lwin Yangon United
2017 MyanmarAung Thu Yadanarbon
2016 MyanmarAung Thu Yadanarbon
2015 MyanmarAung Thu Yadanarbon
2014 Myanmar Thiha Sithu Yadanarbon
2013 Brazil César Augusto Yangon United
2012 Myanmar Kyi Lin Yangon United
2011 Myanmar Kyaw Ko Ko Zayar Shwe Myay
2010
2009 Myanmar Yan Paing Yadanarbon

Titles won

No Player Club Times
1 David Htan Yangon United, Shan United 6
2 Yan Aung Kyaw Yangon United 5
Kyi Lin Yangon United
Pyae Phyo Aung Yangon United
5 Sithu Aung Yangon United, Yadanarbon 4
Khin Maung Lwin Yangon United
7 Thiha Sithu Yadanarbon, Shan United 3
Yan Aung Win Yangon United, Yadanarbon
Myo Min Tun Yangon United

Managers

Winning managers

Manager Club(s) Wins Winning years
France Yoan Yadanarbon 2 2009, 2010
Australia Eric Williams Yangon United 2011, 2013
Myanmar Aung Naing Shan United 2019, 2020,
Bulgaria Ivan Kolev Yangon United 1 2012
Serbia Saric /
Myanmar Tin Maung Tun
Yangon United 2015
Belgium René Desaeyere Yadanarbon 2016
Myanmar Soe Myat Min Shan United 2017
Myanmar Myo Min Tun Yangon United 2018

Competition format and sponsorship

Competition

There are 12 clubs in the Myanmar League. During the course of a season, which lasts from January to October, each club plays the others twice, once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, for a total of 22 games. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then head-to-head, then goal difference, and then goals scored. At the end of each season, the club with the most points is crowned champion. If points are equal, the head-to-head, the goal difference and then goals scored determine the winner. If still equal, teams are deemed to occupy the same position. If there is a tie for the championship, for relegation, or for qualification to other competitions, a play-off match at a neutral venue decides rank. The two lowest placed teams are relegated into the MNL-2 and the top two teams from the MNL-2 are promoted in their place.

Qualification for Asian competitions

See also: Myanmar clubs in the Asian Club Championship, Myanmar clubs in the AFC Champions League, and Myanmar clubs in the AFC Cup

In the past the champions will play in AFC Champions League playoffs and AFC Cup for the champions of General Aung San Shield. Due to reforms from the AFC for the AFC Champions League and AFC Cup format, there will be no more a direct qualification spot for the AFC Champions League for that Myanmar Champion, for the time being.

Sponsorship

The Myanmar League has been sponsored since 2009 until 2010 and has been sponsored again since 2015. The sponsor has been able to determine the league's sponsorship name. The list below details who the sponsors have been and what they called the competition:

Period Sponsor Name
2009–2010 Grand Royal Grand Royal Myanmar National League
2010–2014 No sponsor Myanmar National League
2015–2016 Ooredoo Ooredoo Myanmar National League
2017 Max Cement Max Cement Myanmar National League
2018–2020 MPT MPT Myanmar National League

Since 2013, 100PLUS has been the sponsor of Myanmar Football Federation and MNL. The sponsorship is extended to 2020 to support major football events in the country, the various football teams within the national setup, football tournaments for youth development and the local professional competitions.[11]

Match balls

Youth League

Main article: Myanmar Youth League

Main article: U-19 Myanmar League

Like the reserve league, the youth league is open to all the youth teams of all professional clubs in Thailand.

Other tournaments

Domestic tournaments
International tournaments

Ranking Asian

AFC Club Ranking

As of 21.12.2020[12]
Current Rank Points Team
70 15.58 Yangon United
96 8.9.14 Shan United
124 5.247 Yadanarbon

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Han Oo Khin (March 9–15, 2009). "New era for football". The Myanmar Times. Archived from the original on February 15, 2012.
  2. ^ Han Oo Khin (March 30 – April 5, 2009). "MFF announces May domestic cup competition". The Myanmar Times. Archived from the original on February 14, 2012.
  3. ^ "MNL season opens in style". Myanmar Times. 2010. Archived from the original on 5 October 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
  4. ^ "MNL expands ahead of 2011 season launch". Myanmar Times. January 2011. Archived from the original on 7 June 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2011.
  5. ^ "၂၀၁၂ ပြိုင်ပွဲတွင် ချင်းကိုယ်စားပြု အသင်းတစ်သင်း ပါဝင် ယှဉ်ပြိုင်မည်". Soccer Myanmar. Archived from the original on 4 October 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
  6. ^ "MNL TO INTRODUCE PROMOTION-RELEGATION SYSTEM BY 2014". ASEAN Football. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
  7. ^ Min Lwin (2009-04-20). "Burmese Soccer League an Election Ploy?". The Irrawaddy.
  8. ^ "2020 MNL Title won". themnl.com. 2020. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  9. ^ MNL, MFF (21 September 2016). "Eight seasons in for MNL, three teams drop out". Stdium. Archived from the original on 2016-10-21. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  10. ^ "2020 Top Scorer". themnl.com. 2020. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  11. ^ "100PLUS Renews Hydration Partnership with MFF and MNL till 2020". Myanmar Business Today. Retrieved 2019-02-06.
  12. ^ "AFC Football / Soccer Clubs Ranking".