N700S series
Series-N700S-J2.jpg
JR Central N700S series train
In service1 July 2020; 2 years ago (2020-07-01) – Present
ManufacturerHitachi, Nippon Sharyo
Family nameShinkansen
Replaced700 series, N700 series
Constructed2017–present
Number under constructionJR Central: 19 sets (304 vehicles)
Number in service448 vehicles (28 sets) (as of 1 April 2022)
Formation16 cars per trainset (6 cars per trainset for Nagasaki Shinkansen)
CapacityTokaido/Sanyo 16-car sets (J, H):
1,323 (200 Green + 1,123 ordinary)
Operator(s)
Depot(s)Tokyo, Hakata, Osaka, Omura
Line(s) servedTōkaidō Shinkansen, San'yō Shinkansen, Hakata-Minami Line, Nishi Kyushu Shinkansen
Specifications
Car body constructionAluminium
Car length25 m (82 ft 0 in) (intermediate cars)
27.35 m (89 ft 9 in) (end cars)
Width3.36 m (11 ft 0 in)
Height3.6 m (11 ft 10 in), (middle cars and connectors of end cars) (without rooftop equipment)
3.5 m (11 ft 6 in) (end cars excluding connector with middle cars)
Maximum speed285 km/h (177 mph) (Tokaido)
300 km/h (186 mph) (Sanyo)
260 km/h (162 mph) (Nagasaki)
330 km/h (205 mph) (Texas Central) (planned)
Electric system(s)25 kV 60 Hz AC overhead catenary
Current collector(s)Pantograph
Braking system(s)Pneumatic, regenerative
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge

The N700S series (N700S系, Enu nanahyakuesu-kei) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train with tilting capability operated by JR Central and JR West on the Tokaido and San'yō Shinkansen lines since 2020, and JR Kyushu on the Nishi Kyushu Shinkansen line since 2022.

History

In June 2016, JR Central announced plans to build a new prototype "N700S" 16-car trainset (with "S" standing for "Supreme") for evaluating new technology and features on the Tokaido and Sanyo Shinkansen lines from March 2018.[1] Developed from the earlier N700 series design, the new train will incorporate a number of new features. Refinements to the ATC and braking systems will enable shorter braking distances in emergencies such as earthquakes.[1] Optimized underfloor equipment layout will allow the same standard design to be used to easily produce 12, 8 and 6-car trainsets in addition to the Tokaido Shinkansen 16-car trainsets.[1] The optimization is intended to make the train more flexible for possible export.[2][3] The optimization further allows Toshiba SCiB LTO batteries to be installed so that the train can operate at low speed in the event of a disruption to overhead power.[4] Green cars will use active suspension to further improve ride quality, and ordinary-class cars will have AC power outlets for each seat.[1]

A 16-car prototype set (J0), assembled at the Nippon Sharyo Toyokawa plant, was unveiled at Hamamatsu depot on 10 March 2018.[2] Beginning from 20 March, this set has been used for testing and evaluation.[2] The first full-production J set (J1) was delivered to JR Central in April 2020, with trains entering revenue service on 1 July 2020.

High-speed trials at the design speed of 360 km/h were conducted during 2019 on the Tokaido Shinkansen, reaching 362 km/h.[5] This is 28 km/h faster than the fastest speed ever achieved by the N700A, and may indicate plans to raise the maximum operating speed on the line.[6]

JR Central announced in May 2022 that it would add 19 trainsets (304 vehicles) to their current N700S fleet.[7] The first two of these trainsets are scheduled to enter service in 2023.

Operations

The first N700S sets replaced 700 series trains, and added more rolling stock needed to realize the increased amount of services on the Tokaido Shinkansen planned from 2020.[8][9] The N700S series is expected to gradually replace N700 series sets on the Sanyo, Tokaido, and Kyushu Shinkansen lines. A 6-car variant started operations on the Nishi Kyushu Shinkansen[10] on 23 September 2022.[11]

The train is also planned to run on the proposed Texas Central Railway high-speed line connecting Dallas and Houston.[12]

Variants

16-car J sets

The J sets were the first to be introduced, and include the pre-series J0 set used for testing between 2018 and 2020.

Formation

The 16-car J sets are formed as follows.

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Designation Tc M2 M'w M1 M1w M' M2k M1s M's M2s M'h M1 M1w M' M2w T'c
Numbering 743 747 746-500 745 745-300 746 747-400 735 736 737 746-700 745-600 745-500 746-200 747-500 744
Seating capacity 65 100 85 100 90 100 75 68 64 68 63 100 90 100 80 75
Facilities Toilets   Toilets / smoking room Telephone Toilets   Toilets / smoking room Conductor's compartment / AED Toilets / telephone Smoking room Toilets / multi-purpose compartment Telephone Toilets   Toilets / smoking room / telephone  

Fleet list

As of 1 April 2022, the JR Central N700S series 'J' set fleet is as follows.

Set No. Manufacturer Date delivered Remarks
J0 Hitachi/Nippon Sharyo 25 March 2018 Pre-series set
J1 Nippon Sharyo 14 April 2020 Fiscal 2020 batch
J2 Hitachi 16 June 2020
J3 Nippon Sharyo 20 May 2020
J4 Hitachi 9 September 2020
J5 Nippon Sharyo 23 June 2020
J6 Hitachi 30 November 2020
J7 Nippon Sharyo 26 August 2020
J8 2 October 2020
J9 11 November 2020
J10 Hitachi 11 January 2021
J11 Nippon Sharyo 19 December 2020
J12 Hitachi 23 February 2021
J13 Nippon Sharyo 3 April 2021 Fiscal 2021 batch
J14 Hitachi 11 May 2021
J15 Nippon Sharyo 23 May 2021
J16 Hitachi 10 July 2021
J17 Nippon Sharyo 3 July 2021
J18 3 September 2021
J19 1 October 2021
J20 Hitachi 1 November 2021
J21 Nippon Sharyo 12 November 2021
J22 Hitachi 14 December 2021
J23 Nippon Sharyo 7 January 2022
J24 Hitachi 1 March 2022
J25 Nippon Sharyo 15 February 2022
J26 1 April 2022
J27 Fiscal 2022 batch
J28
J29
J30
J31
J32
J33
J34
J35
J36
J37
J38
J39
J40

16-car H sets (N700S-3000 series)

These are 16-car N700S series sets owned by JR West and classified as N700S-3000 series sets.

Formation

The 16-car H sets are formed as follows.

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Designation Tc M2 M'w M1 M1w M' M2k M1s M's M2s M'h M1 M1w M' M2w T'c
Numbering 743-3000 747-3000 746-3500 745-3000 745-3300 746-3000 747-3400 735-3000 736-3000 737-3000 746-3700 745-3600 745-3500 746-3200 747-3500 744-3000
Seating capacity 65 100 85 100 90 100 75 68 64 68 63 100 90 100 80 75
Facilities Toilets   Toilets / smoking room Telephone Toilets   Toilets / smoking room Conductor's compartment / AED Toilets / telephone Smoking room Toilets / multi-purpose compartment Telephone Toilets   Toilets / smoking room / telephone  

Fleet list

Set No. Manufacturer Date delivered Remarks
H1 Hitachi 3 February 2021 Fiscal 2020 batch
H2 Nippon Sharyo 17 March 2021

Overall fleet history

The annual totals for the fleet sizes (number of vehicles as of 1 April each year) are as follows.[citation needed]

Year JR Central JR West JR Kyushu Total
2018 16 0 0 16
2019 16 0 0 16
2020 16 0 0 16
2021 192 32 0 224
2022 416 32 0 448

 

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d 次期新幹線車両「N700S」を新造、JR東海 [JR Central to build "N700S" next-generation shinkansen train]. Tetsudo.com (in Japanese). Japan: Asahi Interactive Inc. 24 June 2016. Archived from the original on 25 June 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "JR Central unveils 'Supreme' N700S". Railway Gazette International. 13 March 2018. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  3. ^ Yoshino, Keisuke (12 March 2018). "'Supreme' Shinkansen unveiled prior to 2020 debut". asahi.com. The Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  4. ^ Nick Kingsley (30 October 2019). "'Earthquake mode' battery packs to be fitted to N700S Shinkansen fleet". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
  5. ^ "360km/h試験、次世代新幹線「N700S」の確認試験車で実施へ JR東海". 乗りものニュース (in Japanese). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  6. ^ "JR東海N700S、速度向上試験で362km/h - 米原~京都間を18分で走行". ライブドアニュース (in Japanese). Retrieved 14 July 2021.
  7. ^ "JR東海,「N700S」を2023年度から2026年度にかけて19編成導入" [JR Central introduces 19 trains of "N700S" from 2023 to 2026]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). 28 May 2022. Archived from the original on 28 May 2022. Retrieved 29 May 2022.
  8. ^ "Japan's fastest bullet train to squeeze out trip every 5 minutes". Nikkei Asia. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  9. ^ "Faster cleaning helped Japan railway boost shinkansen train operations". Mainichi Daily News. 7 August 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  10. ^ a b "JR Kyushu's New Kamome Train for the Nagasaki Shinkansen – Japan Station". 19 January 2021. Archived from the original on 19 January 2021. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
  11. ^ Megumi, Nojito (24 September 2022). "何が起きた?西九州新幹線「開業初日」の一部始終" [What happened? The story of the Nishi Kyushu Shinkansen's first day of service]. Toyo Keizai Online (in Japanese). Retrieved 29 September 2022.
  12. ^ "High speed rail promoter Texas Central selects planning and construction contractors". Railway Gazette. 14 August 2017. Retrieved 3 August 2018.