NOFV-Oberliga Nord
The fourteen Oberligas in Germany
Founded1991
CountryGermany
States
  • Berlin
  • Brandenburg
  • Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
  • Saxony-Anhalt
Number of teams18
Level on pyramidLevel 5
Promotion toRegionalliga Nordost
Relegation to
Current championsGreifswalder FC
(2021–22)

The NOFV-Oberliga Nord is the fifth tier of the German football league system in the northern states of the former East Germany and West Berlin. It covers the German states of Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and northern Saxony-Anhalt. It is one of fourteen Oberligas in German football. Until the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008 it was the fourth tier of the league system, and until the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 the third tier.

Overview

The NOFV-Oberliga Nord was formed in 1991 when, along with the political reunification of Germany, the former East German football league system was integrated into the unified German one.

The abbreviation NOFV stands for Nordostdeutscher Fußballverband, meaning North East German Football Association.

Along with this league, two other NOFV-Oberligas were formed, the NOFV-Oberliga Mitte and the NOFV-Oberliga Süd.

The league was formed from clubs from five different leagues: Three clubs from the Oberliga Nordost, the former DDR-Oberliga, eight clubs from the NOFV-Liga, the former East German second division, one club from the Bezirksliga Schwerin, one of the regional leagues of the old East German third league level, one from the Verbandsliga Brandenburg, a new league, and six clubs from the Amateur-Oberliga Berlin, the West German third division for the city of Berlin. The league accommodated therefore a wide mix of clubs from the east and west of Germany. With the FC Berlin, the former BFC Dynamo, and Vorwärts Frankfurt, it held two former East German champions as well. It was also the first time since 1950 that clubs from eastern and western Berlin played in the same league.

The league became one of the then ten Oberligas in the united Germany, the third tier of league football. Its champion was however not directly promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga but had to take part in a promotion play-off. In 1993 the league champion was successful in this competition, in 1992 and 1994 they failed.

For the duration of the league and onwards, the leagues below it are:

In 1994, the German football league system saw some major changes. The four Regionalligen were introduced as an intermediate level between the 2nd Bundesliga and Oberligen, relegating the Oberligen to fourth tier from now on. In the east of Germany, the Regionalliga Nordost was formed, a league covering the area of former East Germany and western Berlin. Six clubs from the NOFV-Oberliga Nord were admitted to the new league:

The NOFV-Oberliga Mitte was disbanded and its clubs spread between the two remaining Oberligas in the east. Five clubs from the former league were added to the NOFV-Oberliga Nord, three of them from Berlin and two from the northern part of Saxony-Anhalt. The league now became the only Oberliga with clubs from Berlin.

From 1995 to 1999, the champions of the league were directly promoted to the Regionalliga Nordost. In 1997 and 1999, the runners-up were eligible for promotion too.

With the reduction of the number of Regionalligen to two, the league came under the Regionalliga Nord. Five clubs were relegated that season from the now disbanded Regionalliga Nordost. The regulations about promotion kept on changing and until 2006, the league champion had to play-off with the champion of the southern league for one promotion spot. Only in 2004 did the northern champion come out as a winner of this contest. From the 2006 season onwards, direct promotion was awarded again.

The league changes in 2008 with the introduction of the 3rd Liga meant the Oberligen was now the fifth tier of league football in Germany. The top three teams of the league in 2007–08 gained entry to the Regionalliga, the fourth placed team had to play-off against the fourth placed team from the south for one more spot,[1] these clubs being:

Otherwise, the setup of the league did not change and its champion was directly promoted from the 2008–09 season onwards.

Another league reform, decided upon in 2010, saw the reestablishment of the Regionalliga Nordost from 2012 onwards, with the two NOFV-Oberligas feeding into this league again.[2] With the league champions, F.C. Hansa Rostock II being ineligible for promotion TSG Neustrelitz, FSV Optik Rathenow and 1. FC Union Berlin II were directly promoted to the new Regionalliga while Torgelower SV Greif achieved promotion through a play-off round.

Founding members of the league

The founding members of the league in 1991 were:

Champions of the NOFV-Oberliga Nord

The league champions:[3][4]

Placings in the league

The complete list of clubs in the league and their final placings:[3][4]

Club 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23
1. FC Union Berlin M M M R R R R R R R 2B 2B 2B R 1 R R 3L 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B B B B B
1. FC Magdeburg M M M 12 9 S R R R S R S S S S R R R R R R R R R 3L 3L 3L 2B 3L 3L 3L 2B
SV Babelsberg 03 1 R R R R 2B R 2 3 3 1 R R R 3L 3L 3L R R R R R R R R R R
Hertha BSC II M M M R R 10 2 1 R 2 1 2 1 R R R 1 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R
Berliner AK 074 4 15 12 15 13 8 10 4 15 10 10 3 R R R R R R R R R R R R
FC Viktoria 1889 Berlin6 7 1 R R R R R R R R 3L R
Berliner FC Dynamo 1 4 4 R R R R R R 1 17 6 6 10 5 2 2 7 13 3 1 R R R R R R R R R
FSV Union Fürstenwalde 8 2 12 8 1 R R R R R R x
VSG Altglienicke7 7 1 R R R R R R
FSV Optik Rathenow 11 7 R R 7 12 13 8 10 14 14 12 14 7 3 7 6 3 R R 1 R 2 1 R R R R x
FSV 63 Luckenwalde 4 S S 5 8 3 R R R S S R R R
SV Lichtenberg 47 M 5 9 15 17 7 3 4 5 3 3 1 R R R R
Tennis Borussia Berlin 4 1 2B R R R R 2B 2B R 2 4 5 4 5 3 6 1 R 14 4 6 2 2 1 R R R
SV Tasmania Berlin 6 16 10 1 R x
Greifswalder FC11 3 2 3 1 R
Hertha Zehlendorf M M M R R R R 9 14 9 2 4 4 4 4 6 2 x
CFC Hertha 06 9 12 13 11 14 14 3 x
SpVg Blau-Weiß 90 Berlin 6 7 10 4 x
TSG Neustrelitz 11 14 16 13 10 13 14 13 10 4 6 4 4 R R R R R R 10 5 9 5 x
SC Staaken 5 8 8 2 6 x
Rostocker FC 12 7 x
Eintracht Mahlsdorf 8 x
Torgelower SV Greif14 9 12 9 14 8 1 5 R 16 11 9 9 4 9
Hansa Rostock II 9 15 2 R 2 1 4 4 2 2 1 4 2 2 R R 2 1 6 4 7 2 10 10 5 3 7 10 x
RSV Eintracht 1949 5 11 x
MSV Pampow 6 11 12 x
Ludwigsfelder FC 10 12 9 14 5 11 16 S 13 S 13 S
FC Mecklenburg Schwerin 11 14 14 x
MSV Neuruppin 9 7 8 2 2 15 15 x
SFC Stern 1900 8 16
Brandenburger SC Süd 05 9 6 7 8 17 8 3 8 14 13 2 13 13 S 6 14 15 17 17
SV Victoria Seelow 8 8 15 12 15 18
1. FC Lok Stendal M M M R R R R R R 5 15 16 S 12 11 16 19
FC Strausberg13 5 14 14 13 7 13 16 13
SV Altlüdersdorf12 13 12 4 6 6 11 9 9 7
FC Anker Wismar 16 9 12 16 11 16 7 5 8 15
Malchower SV 90 5 10 10 10 13 5 6 7 12 16
1. FC Frankfurt10 15 16 16 x
SV Grün-Weiß Brieselang 14 17
FC Schönberg 953 8 2 2 2 1 6 16 7 11 2 R R
SV Germania Schöneiche8 11 11 13 9 11 6 12 10 15
FC Energie Cottbus II S S S S S 7 S S R R 1 R R R S S S
1. FC Neubrandenburg 04 7 6 8 14 9 11 14 10 12
BSV Hürtürkel 10 16 16
SV Waren 099 15 11
FC Pommern Greifswald9 8 9 15
1. FC Union Berlin II9 5 2 R R R
RSV Waltersdorf 12 15
Lichterfelder FC6 M M M 2 2 5 8 11 7 8 11 6 16 6 8 9 12 12 15 14
Türkiyemspor Berlin M M M R 3 4 13 14 6 12 7 11 7 5 3 R R R 16
Füchse Berlin Reinickendorf 10 12 3 R R R R 7 2 7 8 11 9 15 6 13 15
Lichtenrader BC 14
Greifswalder SV 4 11 15
SV Falkensee-Finkenkrug 15 7 16
FSV Bentwisch 12
BFC Preußen 16 11 8 13 15
Spandauer SV1 9 7 6 R R R R R 12 16
SV Yeşilyurt Berlin4 4 5 8 14 16
Motor Eberswalde 5 15 7 5 6 7 12 6 12 16 10 14 9 13 16
Eisenhüttenstädter FC Stahl 6 3 2 R R R R R R 9 10 5 11 18
FC Anhalt Dessau M M M 6 12 13 S S S S S
Sievershäger SV 18
Frankfurter FC Viktoria10 11 17 5 5 11 19
FC Eintracht Schwerin 10 3 8 9 4 4 13 13 17
Köpenicker SC 10 8 9 10 12 18
Oranienburger FC Eintracht 19
Greifswalder SC 2 8 9 4 4 3 3 6 5 13 18
Tennis Borussia Berlin II2 2 R 11
SV SW Neustadt/Dosse 11 13 14 17
SD Croatia Berlin 14 1 R 10 18
SV Warnemünde 15
SCC Berlin M M M 5 1 R 10 15
SG Bornim 13 11 14
Parchimer FC 18 6 12 5
FSV Velten5 M 14 12 1 R R 16
PSV Rostock 10 7 15
1. FC Schwedt 8 5 5 8 11 16
1. FC Wilmersdorf 9 15
FC Stahl Brandenburg 2B 2 1 R 16
Rot-Weiß Prenzlau 14 13 13 11 17
Türkspor Berlin M M M 15
BSV Spindlersfeld 3 10 14 16
Spandauer BC 12 16
Stahl Henningsdorf 13 18
Wacker 04 Berlin 15
SV Hafen Rostock 17
TuS Makkabi Berlin x
SG Dynamo Schwerin x

Key

Symbol Key
B Bundesliga (1963–present)
2B 2. Bundesliga (1974–present)
3L 3. Liga (2008–present)
R Regionalliga Nordost (1994–2000)
Regionalliga Nord (2000–2008)
Regionalliga Nordost (2008–Present)
S Club played in the NOFV-Oberliga Süd
M Club played in the NOFV-Oberliga Mitte
1 League champions
Place League
Blank Played at a league level below this league

Notes

References

  1. ^ "Regulations for the NOFV-Oberligas 2007–08". Nordostdeutscher Fußballverband (in German). Retrieved 6 March 2008.
  2. ^ "DFB-Bundestag beschließt Reform der Spielklassen". DFB.de (in German). 22 October 2010. Retrieved 16 July 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Historical German league tables". Das Deutsche Fussball Archiv (in German). Retrieved 8 February 2015.
  4. ^ a b "NOFV-Oberliga Nord tables and results 1994–present". Fussballdaten.de (in German). Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  5. ^ "NOFV-Oberliga Nord 2010-11". kicker.de (in German). Retrieved 13 June 2011.

Sources