|Tehsils||Nagaur, Khinwsar, Gotan, Riyanbari, Jayal, Merta City, Degana, Didwana, Ladnun, Parbatsar, Makrana, Nawa, Kuchaman City,|
|• Total||17,718 km2 (6,841 sq mi)|
|• Density||190/km2 (480/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
Nagaur district is one of the 33 districts of the state of Rajasthan in western India. Panchayati Raj was introduced here. It is the fifth largest district in Rajasthan and the area of the district is 17,718 km2 (6,841 sq mi). The city of Nagaur is the district headquarters.
Nagaur District is between 26°25' & 27°40' north latitude & 73°.10' & 75°.15' east longitude. The district is bounded by Bikaner District to the northwest, Churu District to the north, Sikar District to the northeast, Jaipur District to the east, Ajmer District to the southeast, Pali District to the south, and Jodhpur District to the southwest and west. The district lies in the Marwar region of Rajasthan, in the Northwestern thorn scrub forests belt surrounding the Thar Desert. The Aravalli Range extends across the southeastern portion of the district, and the saline Sambhar Lake, India's largest salt lake and Rajasthan's largest lake, lies at the southwestern corner of the district, straddling the boundary with Jaipur District. Kheduli is a historic palace where pupil of Khawaja Moiniddin Chisti Hamiduddin Nagouri lived for 10 years and located on the railway line of Jaipur-Jodhpur.
The only river that flows through the Nagaur district is the Luni which is of ephemeral nature. This river originates from the Aravallis, near Pushkar in Ajmer district and follows a WSW course into the Kutch. The river Luni enters into Nagaur district near Ladpura (about 2.5 to 3 km (1.6 to 1.9 mi) southwest of Ladpura) and drains the villages of Alniawas, Jhintia etc. finally crossing the village Kekind to enter into the Jaitaran area of Pali district. Although it has a number of tributaries all but one join it from the south. None of these drain any water into the main river but for a few days during the monsoon. The wide beds of these rivers have been considerably filled by alluvial and aeolicin sediments and in places they have almost been choked by aeolian sand. The river Luni also acts as an barrier against the eastward spread of aeolian sand.
The study area is greatly influenced by strong winds and the soil is wind-modified to a varied degree. The effect of arid condition is reflected in the lack of horizonatioi of the soils. The soil material appears to have been formed from mixed sources of igneous, metamorphic and vindhyan systems. The following soil profile is a typical pedon which occupies more than 70 percent of the area.
The main sandy tract of the area lies to the west of the Luni river. The northern and western parts of the district have scattered dunes, these being mostly parabolic, longitudinal barchans and obstructed dunes, oriented in NNE-SSW to NE-SW directions.
The vegetation consists of a sparse cover of thorny woodland with distinct variations in different topographical areas. The principal trees found on sand dunes are Prosopis cineraria, Acacia senegal, Tecomella undulata, Gymnosporia and Aerva.
Physiographically the district is marked by a low and gentle relief interspersed with the isolated hills and knolls of the Aravallis. The major part of the district is characterised by stabilised sand dunes. Climatologically^the area experiences a semi-arid climate with sparse thorn and scrub type of vegetational cover.
The district consists 16 tehsils. These are Nagaur, Khinvsar, Jayal, Merta City, Degana,Didwana, Ladnun, Parbatsar, Makrana, Kuchaman City, Nawa, Mundwa,Riyan badi All of these are Sub-divisions also. There are 15 blocks and 1607 villages in the district. Charbhujanath temple and Meera bai mandir situated at mertacity which is known as the birthplace of bhakta Shiromani Meerabai.
According to the 2011 census Nagaur district has a population of 3,307,743, roughly equal to the nation of Uruguay or the US state of Connecticut. This gives it a ranking of 102nd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 187 inhabitants per square kilometre (480/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.25%. Nagaur has a sex ratio of 950 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 64.08%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 21.16% and 0.31% of the population respectively.
At the time of the 2011 census, 81.09% of the population spoke Rajasthani, 14.94% Marwari, 2.05% Hindi and 1.71% Urdu as their first language.
Uruguay 3,308,535 July 2011 est.