This article does not cite any sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Nanbai" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (April 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Regions with significant populations
• Pakistan • India
Islam 100%

The Nanbai are a Muslim community found in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. Many members of Nanbai community have migrated to Pakistan after independence and have settled in Karachi, Sindh.

History and origin

They specialise in baking fermented loaves, and are known to be experts in preparing tandoori breads, known as naans. This special type of baked bread is referred to as a Nan. The word Nanbai is from Persian نانوا Nānvā, meaning baker. The community is said to have evolved from the families of the cooks at the courts of the various Muslim rulers of North India.

Present circumstances

The Nanbai specialize in cooking and baking. Many are also involved in the running of tea stalls, while some have taken to rickshaw pulling, an activity in which a good number of Muslim artisan communities are now involved.

The Nanbai are an endogamous community, but have no system of gotras. They perceive themselves to be forming part of the Shaikh community. The Nanbai are Muslims of the Sunni sect. They are found mainly in the districts of Lukhnow, Faizabad, Barabanki, Kanpur, Aligarh and Moradabad, mainly found in urban areas. They speak Urdu and Hindi.

See also