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Nanshan
南山区
Shenzhen Bay with China Resources Headquarters on the left and Shenzhen Bay Sports Center on the right.
Nanshan District (the lower left, highlighted in green) in Shenzhen
Nanshan District (the lower left, highlighted in green) in Shenzhen
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuangdong
Sub-provincial divisionShenzhen
Area
 • Total182 km2 (70 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total1,356,300
 • Density7,500/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+08:00 (China Standard)
Area code(s)0755
GDP (nominal)2017
 - TotalCNY 460.150 billion (US$68.17 billion)
 - per capitaCNY 339,269 (US$50,249)
Websitehttp://www.szns.gov.cn/

Nanshan District (simplified Chinese: 南山区; traditional Chinese: 南山區; pinyin: Nánshān Qū ; Cantonese Jyutping: Naam4 Saan1 Keoi1) is one of the nine districts comprising Shenzhen. It encompasses the southwest area of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone, with a population of 1.08 million. In 2013, the district of Nanshan's local GDP output exceeded 320 billion RMB. The region has an established tourism industry and is home to several sightseeing locations.

It is known for being the home of Shenzhen High-Tech Industrial Park, which comprises some of China's largest technology companies and the establishments of well-known international companies, as well as being one of the nation's richest districts.[1][2]

Geography

Nanshan District has a total area of 182 km2 (70 sq mi). The area continued to increase due to large scale land reclamation, especially in Qianhai and Houhai. The district is located to the northwest of Deep Bay, east of the Pearl River entrance. Its northern boundary is Yangtaishan, which divides the district with Baoan, while it is bounded south by Inner Lingding Island and Dachan Island, though the Port of Shekou is the southernmost point on the peninsula. Nanshan is situated about a degree south of the Tropic of Cancer and has a humid subtropical climate. It sits directly north of Yuen Long district of Hong Kong. More than half of the district consist of urban areas. Mountainous areas like Tanglangshan and Yangtaishan to the north and Nanshan Park to the south are largely preserved as forests.

At 587 meters (1,926 ft) tall, Yangtaishan has the highest elevation in the district, with Tanglangshan being the second at 430 meters (1,411 ft), and Nanshan, third, at 336 meters (1,102 ft). The district has a total coastline of 55.18 kilometers (34.29 mi).

History

Main article: Nantou (historical town)

Nanshan was largely a rural area before being rapidly developed since the late 1970s, with the exception of a few towns and villages. Nantou, the seat of Bao'an County for almost 1700 years was located within the district.

In September 1983, Nantou district was established as a county-level district. Less than a year later in August 1984, Shekou, which came to be known as Shekou subdistrict today, split off as a separate district from Nanshan. In September 1990,the two districts combined to form the present Nanshan District.

Nanshan experienced large sums of migrants from other parts of the country. Most of the original towns in the district had either been demolished to make way for developments or became what are to be known as urban villages.

Demographics

As of the end of 2011, Nanshan district had a total resident population of 1,087,936 and a census-registered population of 0.5492 million. The vast majority of the population are concentrated in the southern half of the district.

Administrative divisions

Nanshan District is organized into the following subdistricts.

Name Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Canton Romanization Population (2010)[3] Area (km2)
Nantou Subdistrict 南头街道 Nántóu Jiēdào nam4 teo4 gai1 dou6 163,237 16.80
Nanshan Subdistrict 南山街道 Nánshān Jiēdào nam4 san1 gai1 dou6 152,312 23.90
Shahe Subdistrict 沙河街道 Shāhé Jiēdào sa1 ho4 gai1 dou6 121,350 22.32
Xili Subdistrict 西丽街道 Xīlì Jiēdào sei1 lei6 gai1 dou6 187,832 49.16
Shekou Subdistrict 蛇口街道 Shékǒu Jiēdào sé4 heo2 gai1 dou6 87,304 12.29
Zhaoshang Subdistrict 招商街道 Zhāoshāng Jiēdào jiu1 sêng1 gai1 dou6 79,650 18.36
Yuehai Subdistrict 粤海街道 Yuèhǎi Jiēdào yud6 hoi2 gai1 dou6 157,807 14.40
Taoyuan Subdistrict 桃源街道 Táoyuán Jiēdào tou4 yun4 gai1 dou6 138,853 40.00
The view of Nanshan from Nanshan Mountain
The view of Nanshan from Nanshan Mountain

Transportation

Shenzhen Metro

Nanshan is currently served by six metro lines operated by Shenzhen Metro:

Railway Stations

Container Ports

Main article: Port of Shenzhen

Maritime Transport

The Shekou Passenger Terminal offered ferry service to Hong Kong (Hong Kong Island and Hong Kong International Airport), Zhuhai and Macau.[4][5] Now the Shekou Cruise Center has that role.

Cross boundary coaches to and from Hong Kong are also available at Shenzhen Bay Port.[6] The port it located geographically at Shekou hence all coach will travel along the Hong Kong-Shenzhen Western Corridor to get to Hong Kong.

Economy

Coolpad, Tencent, ZTE, and China Resources Beverage (CR Beverage), among others, have their headquarters at Hi-Tech Park (科技园), Nanshan.[7][8][9][10][11]

The South China office of CR Beverage is in on the 10th floor of the Min Tai Building (闽泰大厦) in the district.[11] China Nepstar has its headquarters in the Xinnengyuan Building (新能源大厦 / 新能源大廈) on Nanhai Road, Nanshan District.[12] The headquarters of Evergrande Group are in Nanshan.[13]

The drink company Hey Tea has its headquarters in the Aerospace Science And Technology Square (航天科技广场).[14]

The department store chain Ren Ren Le has its headquarters in Nanshan District.[15]

Free Trade Zones

Main article: Qianhai

Qianhai Shenzhen-Hong Kong Modern Service Industry Cooperation Zone is a large masterplanned commercial free trade zone comprising 14 km2 (5.4 sq mi) of reclaimed land under construction in Qianhai, Nanshan. Upon scheduled completion in 2020, special policies including lower taxation rates would be implemented in the new district.

Main article: Shekou, Shenzhen

Shekou is another free trade zone, redeveloping from a former industrial zone.

Education

Universities

Eight of Shenzhen's eleven full-time universities are located in Nanshan:[16]

Primary and secondary schools

See also: List of schools in Nanshan District, Shenzhen

Government secondary schools

The Chinese word Zhongxue 中学, rendered in English as "middle school," may refer to either schools with grade 7-9 lower secondary levels and/or grade 10-12 upper secondary levels. Dr. Elisabeth P. Montgomery, Senior Advisor on Internationalization for the Nanshan District Education Bureau, is the first foreigner to hold such a position in China. She helped design education curricula for Nanshan grades 1-12 and is one of three designers of Shenzhen YuCai High School, International Department. Additionally, she is Foreign Vice Principal at the South China University of Science and Technology (SUSTECH) Education Group, International Advisor in China and Latin America, and public school Inspector. [1][2]

Some are governed by the Shenzhen municipal government. Those include:[19]

Some are governed by the Nanshan District government. Those include:[20]

Other:

International and private schools

QSI International School of Shenzhen

There are four Anglophone international high schools and private high schools in Nanshan. Several of these high schools all offer British, University of Cambridge International A-Level or North American style curricula, with English as the main language of instruction. There are also Japanese and South Korean-style schools.

International K-12 schools include:

International 1-9 schools include:

Supplementary schools

Shenzhen Saturday School (深・(シンセン)補習授業校, Shinsen Hoshū Jugyō Kō), a Japanese weekend school, has its office on the 8th floor of the Jinsanjiao Building (金三角大厦) in Baishizhou.[24] Previously it was based in the Ming Wah International Convention Center (simplified Chinese: 明华国际会议中心; traditional Chinese: 明華國際會議中心) in Shekou.[25]

In addition, the Shenzhen Korean Chamber of Commerce and Industry organizes a Korean Saturday school because many Korean students are not studying in Korean-medium schools; the school had about 600 students in 2007. The chamber uses rented space in the OCT Primary School as the Korean weekend school's classroom.[26]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Shenzhen has figured out the future". TODAYonline.
  2. ^ "News-Department of International Cooperation Ministry of Science and Technology PRC". www.cistc.com.
  3. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). 中国2010年人口普查分乡、镇、街道资料 (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing: China Statistics Print. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
  4. ^ "Shenzhen Xunlong Shipping Co., Ltd". Archived from the original on December 9, 2008. Retrieved November 28, 2008.
  5. ^ "Shekou and Hong Kong Ferry Schedules". www.shenzhenparty.com. 11 January 2013. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  6. ^ "Transport Department". Archived from the original on 2008-11-20. Retrieved 2008-11-02.
  7. ^ "Contact Us". Coolpad EU. 2015-09-07. Archived from the original on 2015-09-07. Retrieved 2021-04-26. Global contact Yulong Computer Telecommunication Scientific Co. Coolpad Cyber Harbor 2nd Mengxi Road Hi-Tech Industrial Park (North) NanShan District, ShenZhen P.R.C.
  8. ^ "Contact Us." Tencent contact details. Retrieved on September 28, 2011
  9. ^ "Contact Us." Retrieved on November 19, 2012
  10. ^ "Consumer Goods Archived 2014-04-13 at the Wayback Machine." China Resources. Retrieved on April 10, 2014"
  11. ^ a b 联系我们. China Resources Beverage. Archived from the original on 2014-04-13. Retrieved 2014-04-10.
  12. ^ "Contact Us Archived 2019-03-06 at the Wayback Machine." China Nepstar. Retrieved on November 19, 2012
  13. ^ "Contact". Evergrande Group. Retrieved 2021-02-04. 35 / f, excellent houhai financial center, no. 1126 Hyde [sic] road, nanshan district, shenzhen - Chinese address: "深圳市南山区海德三道1126号" (based on the Chinese address it is Haide Third Road)
  14. ^ Home. Hey Tea. Retrieved on 8 February 2019. "SHENZHEN MEIXIXI CATERING MANAGEMENT CO.,LTD. Address: 602C, Tower B, Aerospace Science And Technology Square, Nanshan District, Shenzhen" - Chinese address: "深圳美西西餐饮管理有限公司 地址:南山区航天科技广场B座602C"
  15. ^ 校园招聘. Ren Ren Le. Retrieved 2017-05-02. 人人乐商业集团--深圳市南山区前海路东心语家园二楼
  16. ^ "Nanshang Government | General info". Archived from the original on July 26, 2009. Retrieved December 12, 2008.
  17. ^ "Tsinghua-sz.cn - 您正在访问的域名可以转让! This domain name is for sale". Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
  18. ^ "Profile of Shenzhen Virtual University Park". Archived from the original on December 29, 2008. Retrieved December 12, 2008.
  19. ^ "Municipal Schools". Government of Shenzhen. Retrieved 2020-06-20. and "市属学校" (in Chinese). Government of Shenzhen. Retrieved 2020-06-20.
  20. ^ "Middle schools From: Futian District". City of Shenzhen. 2019-10-15. Retrieved 2020-06-20. - Listing of Nanshan District-operated schools in Chinese: "南山区属学校 中学". City of Shenzhen. Retrieved 2020-06-20.
  21. ^ "Shenzhen Nanshan Bilingual School Homepage". www.snbscie.com. Archived from the original on 23 February 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  22. ^ "Shenzhen's first Japanese school opens in Shekou" (Archive). Shenzhen Daily. June 16, 2008. Retrieved on January 14, 2015. Alternate link at (Archive) Xinhua, Alternate link at Newsgd.com.
  23. ^ 深圳日本人学校 事務職員 募集要項. Shenzhen Japanese School. Archived from the original on 2013-11-26. Retrieved 2015-01-14. 連絡先 深圳日本人学校 中華人民共和国広東省深圳市南山区工業八路295号
  24. ^ 日本人学校・補習授業校一覧. Consulate-General of Japan in Guangzhou. Retrieved 2017-12-21. 深セン日本人補習校 518052 広東省深セン市南山区白石洲金三角大廈8階
  25. ^ "アジアの補習授業校一覧" (). MEXT. January 2, 2003. Retrieved on January 12, 2018. "中華人民共和国広東省SHENZHEN市蛇口工業區亀山路8號「明華国際会議中心」"
  26. ^ "ShenZhen, Koreans' second hometown". Shenzhen Daily at China.org.cn. 2007-09-28. Archived from the original on 2007-10-11. Retrieved 2019-05-03.

Coordinates: 22°30′05.83″N 113°54′28.16″E / 22.5016194°N 113.9078222°E / 22.5016194; 113.9078222