Naples International Airport

Aeroporto di Napoli-Capodichino "Ugo Niutta"
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorGE.S.A.C.
ServesNaples, Italy
LocationCapodichino
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL294 ft / 90 m
Coordinates40°53′04″N 014°17′27″E / 40.88444°N 14.29083°E / 40.88444; 14.29083 (Naples Airport)Coordinates: 40°53′04″N 014°17′27″E / 40.88444°N 14.29083°E / 40.88444; 14.29083 (Naples Airport)
Websiteaeroportodinapoli.it
Map
NAP
NAP
NAP
NAP
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 2,641 8,622 Asphalt
Statistics (2020)
Passengers2,779,946
Passenger change 19-20Decrease -74.4%
Movements29,414
Movements change 19-20Decrease -64.4%
Cargo (tons)9,453.62
Cargo change 19-20Decrease -19.5%
Source: Italian AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]
Statistics from Assaeroporti[2]

Naples International Airport (IATA: NAP, ICAO: LIRN) (Italian: Aeroporto Internazionale di Napoli) is the international airport serving Naples and the Southern Italian region of Campania. According to 2019 data,[3] the airport is the fifth-busiest airport in Italy and the first one in Southern Italy. The airport serves as a base for easyJet, Ryanair, Volotea and Wizzair.[4][5] Located 3.2 NM (5.9 km; 3.7 mi) north-northeast[1] of the city in the San Pietro a Patierno quarter of Naples, the airport is officially named Aeroporto di Napoli-Capodichino Ugo Niutta, after decorated WWI pilot Ugo Niutta.

History

The district of Capodichino – in the area known as "Campo di Marte" – hosted the first flight exhibitions in Naples in 1910. During the First World War, "Campo di Marte" became a military airport in order to defend the town against Austro-Hungarian and German air attacks.[citation needed]

During World War II, it was used as a combat airfield by the United States Army Air Forces and the Royal Air Force extensively during the Italian Campaign. The airfield was first used by RAF No. 324 Wing with its five squadrons of Supermarine Spitfires in 1943. It was then used by the US Twelfth Air Force which stationed the following units at the airport: 79th Fighter Group (January–May 1944, P-40 Warhawk/P-47 Thunderbolt); 47th Bombardment Group (March–April 1944, A-20 Havoc); 33d Fighter Group (April–May 1944, P-40 Warhawk), 332nd FG (15 Apr 44 - 28 Mar 44, P-39 Airacobra). When the combat units moved out, Air Transport Command used the airport as a major transshipment hub for cargo, transiting aircraft and personnel for the remainder of the war.[6]

Commercial traffic started in 1950. In 1980 GE.S.A.C. ("Gestione Servizi Aeroporto Capodichino") was established to administer the airport; in 1982 it became "Gestione Servizi Aeroporti Campani" and participated in by the City Council, the province of Naples and Alitalia. In 1995 GE.S.A.C. drew up – with BAA assistance – a new master plan, which marked the beginning of a twenty-year development plan. After two years (1997) GE.S.A.C. was the first airport management company in Italy to be privatised: BAA acquires 70% of the share package from the City Council and Province of Naples.[citation needed] In 1998 the "Galleria Napoli" opened, a shopping arcade open 365 days a year inside Terminal 1. In 2002 Prince Charles inaugurated the new departure lounge.[citation needed]

Facilities

Check-in hall
Check-in hall
Control tower and hangars
Control tower and hangars

The airport is class 4D ICAO and has the classification of military airport opened to commercial air traffic 24 hours/day. The airport management company is fully responsible for managing the airport and coordinating and control activities of all the private operators present in the airport. Capodichino hosts some aeronautical industrial activities, like Atitech, Alenia Aeronautica, Aeronavali, Tecnam Costruzioni Aeronautiche.

Terminal

The airport has one terminal building, Terminal 1 with airside sections A, B and C handling all domestic and international flights. The landside ground level features the check-in and arrivals areas while the upper level features the main departures area A with most shops. The airside ground level contains sections B and C, with the latter being used for non-Schengen departures. As the airport does not feature jet-bridges, busses or in a few instances walk boarding is in use. Several areas of the terminal have been refurbished and expanded in recent years.

Apron and runway

The airport has a single runway (orientation: 06/24 – 2,628 m × 45 m (8,622 ft × 148 ft) – resistance: PCN90/F/B/W/T – assistance: PAPI, ILS) in bituminous conglomerate and concrete, with one taxiway.[7] There is one apron with 29 stands, 9 of which self-maneuvering and the remaining Push Back.

Airlines and destinations

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens (resumes 28 March 2022)
Aer Lingus Seasonal: Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Arabia Casablanca
Seasonal: Sharm El Sheikh
Air Cairo Sharm El Sheikh
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Toulouse
Air France Hop Seasonal: Lyon
Air Malta Seasonal: Lourdes/Tarbes, Malta
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga
AlbaStar Trapani
AlMasria Universal Airlines Seasonal charter: Sharm El Sheikh
Animawings Seasonal: Bucharest[8]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Blue Air Bucharest, Turin
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
DAT Seasonal: Lampedusa
easyJet Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin, Catania, Geneva, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Lyon, Milan–Malpensa, Nice, Palermo, Paris–Orly, Prague, Tel Aviv, Turin
Seasonal: Bristol, Cagliari, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Edinburgh, Hurghada, Ibiza, Malta, Manchester (begins 29 March 2022),[9] Menorca, Mykonos, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes (begins 28 June 2022),[9] Sharm El Sheikh, Split, Tenerife–South
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Dortmund, Hamburg, Hannover
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki
flydubai Dubai–International
Iberia Express Madrid
ITA Airways Milan–Linate, Rome–Fiumicino
Jet2.com Seasonal: Birmingham, Edinburgh (resumes 28 May 2022),[10] Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, London–Stansted, Manchester
KLM Amsterdam
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Oslo
People's Seasonal: St. Gallen/Altenrhein
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Ryanair Agadir, Alghero, Barcelona, Beauvais, Bergamo, Bucharest, Budapest, Cagliari, Catania, Charleroi, Dublin, Fuerteventura, Genoa, Hahn, Krakow, Kyiv–Boryspil, Lanzarote, Lisbon, London–Luton, London–Stansted, Lviv, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Marrakech, Marseille, Milan–Malpensa, Nuremberg (begins 29 March 2022),[11] Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Prague, Seville, Sofia, Tallinn, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Trapani (begins 29 March 2022),[12] Toulouse, Trieste, Turin, Valencia, Venice, Verona, Vienna, Warsaw–Modlin, Wroclaw, Zagreb
Seasonal: Bordeaux, Chania, Copenhagen, Corfu, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Kaunas, Menorca, Mykonos, Rhodes, Santorini, Thessaloniki, Zadar, Zakynthos
Scandinavian Airlines Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Copenhagen
SkyUp Lviv[citation needed]
Seasonal: Kyiv–Boryspil
Smartwings Seasonal: Prague
Sun d'Or Seasonal: Tel Aviv
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
Transavia Amsterdam, Paris–Orly
TUI Airways Seasonal: Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff (begins 2 May 2022),[13] East Midlands, Glasgow, London–Gatwick, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
TUI fly Belgium Marrakech
Seasonal: Brussels, Charleroi
Tunisair Seasonal charter: Monastir
Tunisair Express Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Ukraine International Airlines Kyiv–Boryspil
United Airlines Seasonal: Newark (resumes 6 May 2022)[14]
Volotea Cagliari, Catania, Genoa, Palermo, Turin, Venice
Seasonal: Bilbao, Bordeaux, Heraklion, Kefalonia, Lampedusa (begins 30 april 2022), Marseille, Mykonos, Nantes, Olbia, Preveza/Lefkada, Rhodes, Santorini, Skiathos, Zakynthos
Vueling Barcelona
Wizz Air Bucharest, Budapest, Katowice (begins 28 March 2022),[15] Kyiv–Zhuliany, London–Gatwick (begins 27 March 2022),[16] Lviv, Milan–Linate, Milan–Malpensa, Nice (begins 29 March 2022),[17] Prague, Reykjavik–Keflavik, Sharm El Sheikh, Sofia, Tallinn, Tel Aviv, Turin, Venice, Vienna, Warsaw–Chopin
Seasonal: Corfu (begins 14 June 2022),[18] Ibiza, Mykonos, Olbia, Santorini

Statistics

Annual passenger traffic at NAP airport. See source Wikidata query.

Annual passenger statistics from 2000 through 2017:[19]

Ground transportation

Car

Capodichino is easily accessible from all the city thanks to the exit of the so-called "Tangenziale", an urban highway (A56) connecting the city of Naples to metropolitan area and highways to Rome and Caserta (A1), Salerno (A3) and Bari, Benevento and Avellino (A16).[20] Fixed taxi rates are in use for the main destinations within the city limits of Naples from Airport to: Naples Centre, Molo Beverello (Port), Mergellina (Hydrofoils to Capri and Ischia Islands).[21]

Bus

Bus line 3S and Alibus, operated by ANM, connect the airport to Piazza Garibaldi and Piazza Municipio.[22] Distance airport/centre city is about 7 km (4.3 mi). The airport is also connected to Avellino, Benevento, Caserta, Sorrento, Salerno and Serre.[23]

Metro

As of 2021, an extension to the existing Line 1 of Naples Metro is under construction to connect the airport with the current terminus at Naples' central station. After delays, it is expected to be finished by 2024.[24]

Incidents and accidents

On 15 February 1958, a United States Air Force Douglas VC-47A Skytrain, 42-93817, c/n 13771, built as a C-47A-25-DK and upgraded,[25] en route from its home base, Ramstein-Landstuhl Air Base, Germany, to Istanbul, departed Capodichino Airport on a flight to Athens, with 16 servicemen aboard. Following a report 30 minutes after departure when the crew reported en route at 6500 feet and switching to the Rome ATC, nothing further was heard from the flight, which never contacted Rome,[26] nor arrived in Greece. Dense fog over the Ionian Sea and mountainous southern Italy on 17 February greatly impeded search efforts for the missing aircraft. "U.S. authorities did not exclude the possibility the plane might have been forced down in Communist Albania."[27]

On 19 February 1958, the burned and scattered wreckage was found high on the rugged slope of Mount Vesuvius at the 3,800-foot level, about 200 feet below the top of the cone of the volcano. A search plane first spotted the wreckage following "four days of fruitless ground, sea and air search impeded by fog, rain and snow." Patrols of U.S. servicemen, Italian soldiers and carabinieri reached the crash site four hours after it was found, battling though heavy snow, but reported no survivors amongst the 16 on board. They stated that all had been identified. According to a 1958 Associated Press report, "a surgeon said death apparently was instantaneous." There were 15 Air Force officers and men from Ramstein-Landstuhl Air Base, and one seaman of the USS Tripoli on board. The report stated that "officials declined to venture a theory on the cause of the crash except that the weather was bad and the pilot, Capt. Martin S. Schwartz of Ashland, Kentucky, had not previously flown from Capodichino field."[28]

Use by U.S. military forces

U.S. military forces have been present on this site, primarily US Navy personnel,[29] since 1951. Among two other facilities in Naples, Naval Support Activity Naples is a tenant of several buildings in the Northwestern area of the airport.[30] The United States Navy handles military and civilian aircraft on this airport for logistics.[31] It is home to U.S. Naval Forces Europe and the U.S. Sixth Fleet.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "EAD Basic - Error Page". Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Statistiche - Assaeroporti". www.assaeroporti.com.
  3. ^ "Statistiche Dati di Traffico Aeroportuale Italiano". Assaeroporti (in Italian). Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  4. ^ André Orban (4 July 2020). "Volotea opens new base in Naples". Aviation24.be. Retrieved 2 September 2021.
  5. ^ "WIZZ – Dream more. Live more. Be more". wizzair.com. Retrieved 2 September 2021.
  6. ^ Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  7. ^ "Dati di pista". Aeroporto Internazionale di Napoli (in Italian). Retrieved 22 February 2016.
  8. ^ "New route: Bucharest - Napoli with Animawings from June 2021". boardingpass.ro. 10 March 2021. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  9. ^ a b "TRASPORTI - easyJet, nuovo volo Napoli-Manchester a partire dal 29 marzo".
  10. ^ "Jet2holidays puts summer 2022 on sale earlier than ever".
  11. ^ "Ryanair Delivers Tourism Recovery at Nuremberg Airport | Ryanair's Corporate Website".
  12. ^ "Ryanair".
  13. ^ "Flight Timetable | TUI Airways".
  14. ^ https://www.united.com/en/us[bare URL]
  15. ^ "Wizz Air: Trzy nowe trasy z Polski. Dubaj, Neapol i Nicea | Mleczne Podróże, czyli najlepsze promocje lotnicze". 21 December 2021.
  16. ^ "Wizz Plans 14 New Destinations From Gatwick | Routes".
  17. ^ "Wizzair : Lancia altre rotte per l'estate". 21 December 2021.
  18. ^ "Wizzair : Altre nuove rotte estive!". 21 December 2021.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 February 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ (in Italian) Autostrade per l'Italia Archived 12 March 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "Aeroporto Internazionale di Napoli: orari voli e parcheggi" (PDF). Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  22. ^ Lombardi, Matthew, ed. (2007). Fodor's Italy 2007. Fodor's Travel Guides. p. 755. ISBN 978-1-4000-1689-1.
  23. ^ (in Italian) azienda napoletana mobilità
  24. ^ "Naples orders further CAF metro cars for line 1 extension". Urban Transport Magazine. 6 August 2019. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  25. ^ "1942 USAAF Serial Numbers (42-91974 to 42-110188)". Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  26. ^ Harro Ranter (15 February 1958). "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas VC-47A 42-93817 Monte Vesuvio". Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  27. ^ Associated Press, "Fog Hurts Search For Missing Plane", The State, Columbia, South Carolina, Tuesday 18 February 1958, Number 24,290, page 5-A
  28. ^ Associated Press, "On Mount Vesuvius: Plane Is Found; 16 Dead", The State, Columbia, South Carolina, Thursday 20 February 1958, Number 24,292, page 3-A.
  29. ^ "NSA Naples Navy Base Naples Italy in Naples, Italy | MilitaryBases.com | US Military Bases in Italy". militarybases.com. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  30. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 March 2016. Retrieved 20 March 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ "Air Operations Naples Airport". US Navy. Retrieved 8 October 2017.

Media related to Naples International Airport at Wikimedia Commons