The National Assembly of the Republic of Sudan

المجلس الوطني السوداني
5th National Assembly
Type
Type
History
Founded1948
Disbanded2019 (suspended)
Seats426
Elections
Mixed member majoritarian (First past the post for 213 seats, proportional representation for 213 seats, 128 of which are reserved for women)
Last election
13–16 April 2015
Website
The National Assembly
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Sudan

Arab League Member State of the Arab League


Coordinates: 15°37′03.5″N 32°29′15.7″E / 15.617639°N 32.487694°E / 15.617639; 32.487694

The National Assembly (Arabic: المجلس الوطني السوداني‎, Al-Maǧlis al-Waṭaniy) is the lower house of the National Legislature of Sudan. The Legislature was unicameral until 2005. The upper house is the Council of States (Majlis Welayat).

The National Assembly was dissolved on 11 April 2019 following a military coup which overthrew Sudan President Omar al-Bashir and Assembly's ruling National Congress Party.[1]

As part of the 2019 Sudanese transition to democracy, a Transitional Legislative Council is to be formed which will function as the legislature of Sudan until elections scheduled for 2022. [2]

Speakers

Hassan Abdallah al-Turabi was the speaker from 1996 until he stripped of the post in December 1999, and placed under arrest after a falling out with President Omar al-Bashir.

Position Name Took office Left office Notes
President of the Assembly Muhammad Salih Shingitti 1948 1953 [3]
Speaker of the upper house, Senate Ahmed Mohamed Yassin 1954 1956 [4]
Speaker of the upper house, Senate Mohammed El Hassan Diab 1956 1957 [5]
Speaker of the lower house, House of Representatives Babiker Awadalla 1954 1957 [3]
Speaker of the lower house, House of Representatives Muhammad Salih Shingitti 1957 November 1958 [3][6]
Speaker of the upper house, Senate Amin al-Sayed 1957 November 1958 [3][6]
President of Central Council Awad Abdel Rahman Sghir 1962 1964 [3]
Chairman, first constituent assembly Mubarak Fadel Shaddad 1965 1965 [3]
Chairman, second constituent assembly Mubarak Fadel Shaddad 1968 1969 [3]
Chairman, people's assembly Alnadhir Dafeallah 1972 1973 [3]
Chairman, people's assembly Rashid Bakr 1974 1976 [3][7]
Chairman, people's assembly Abu al-Qasim Hashim 1976 1980 [3]
Chairman, people's assembly Rashid Bakr 1980 1981 [3][7]
Chairman, fifth people's assembly Izz al-Din al-Sayed Mohammed 1982 1985 [3]
Chairman, constituent assembly Mohamed Ibrahim Khalil 1986 1988 [3][6]
Chairman, constituent assembly Mohamed Yousef Mohamed 1988 1989 [3][6]
Chairman, constituent assembly Farouk Ali Al-Barir 12 April 1989 30 June 1989 [3][6]
Chairman, National Transitional Council Mohamed Al-Amin Khalifa 1992 1996 [3]
Speaker, National Assembly Hassan Al-Turabi 1996 December 1999 [3][8]
Dissolved December 1999 December 2000 [9]
Speaker, National Assembly Ahmed Ibrahim al-Tahir 2001 31 August 2005 [3][10][11]
Speaker, National Assembly Ahmed Ibrahim al-Tahir 31 August 2005 November 2013 [12]
Speaker, National Assembly Fatih Ezzedine al-Mansur November 2013 1 June 2015 [13][14]
Speaker, National Assembly Ibrahim Ahmed Omer Ahmed 1 June 2015 11 April 2019 [15]

2015-2019 session

The most recent session was elected in 2015.

Party Votes % Seats +/–
National Congress 4,321,901 83.4 323
Democratic Unionist Party 249,768 4.8 25
Democratic Unionist Party (Jalal al-Digair) 137,265 2.6 15
Other parties 475,185 9.2 44
Independents 19
Invalid/blank votes
Total 5,184,119 100 426
Registered voters/turnout
Source: Adam Carr Sudan News Agency


2010-2015 session

Sudan was previously in a transitional period following the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) on 9 January 2005 that officially ended the civil war between the Sudanese Government (based in Khartoum) and the southern-based Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) rebel group. The National Assembly consisted of 450 appointed members who represent the government, former rebels, and other opposition political parties. The National Assembly, whose members were appointed in mid-2005 replaced the latest elected parliament. All members of the National Legislature serve six-year terms. Article 117 of the Interim Constitution called for the 450 members of the National Assembly to be appointed according to the following power-sharing formula:[16]

National Congress Party (52%)

Other Arab political parties (14%)

Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (28%)

Other Black political parties (6%)

Composition of the National Assembly following the 2010 election[17] and the independence of South Sudan.[18]

Party 2010 Election Results Following independence of South Sudan
National Congress Party (NCP) 323 316
Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) 99 8
People's Congress Party 4 4
Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) 4 4
Federal Umma Party 9 3
Umma Party for Reform and Development 2 2
Democratic Unionist Party - Origin 2 0
Sudan People's Liberation Movement - Democratic Change 2 0
Umma Collective Leadership 1 1
National Umma Party 1 1
Umma Party 1 1
Muslim Brotherhood 1 1
Independents 3 3
Vacant 4 8
Total 450 354

References

  1. ^ "Sudan military declares state of emergency". edition.cnn.com. 11 April 2019.
  2. ^ http://raisethevoices.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/sudan-amendment.pdf
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "تاريخ المجلس الوطنى". parliament.gov.sd. Archived from the original on 2019-05-04. Retrieved 2019-02-28.
  4. ^ "جمهورية السودان - المجلس الوطنى". www.parliament.gov.sd. Archived from the original on 2019-05-04. Retrieved 2019-03-01.
  5. ^ "جمهورية السودان - المجلس الوطنى". www.parliament.gov.sd. Archived from the original on 2019-05-04. Retrieved 2019-03-01.
  6. ^ a b c d e "جمهورية السودان - المجلس الوطنى". www.parliament.gov.sd.
  7. ^ a b "جمهورية السودان - المجلس الوطنى". www.parliament.gov.sd. Archived from the original on 2019-05-04. Retrieved 2019-03-01.
  8. ^ "Parlements". Inter-parliamentary Union. 29 April 1999 – via Google Books.
  9. ^ "SUDAN: parliamentary elections Majlis Watani, 2000". archive.ipu.org.
  10. ^ "The Sudan National Assembly". parliament.gov.sd.
  11. ^ "Speaker of National Assembly Hails Sudanese Pioneers who Achieved Independence". sudaneseonline.com.
  12. ^ https://unmis.unmissions.org/sites/default/files/CPA%20Monitor%20July%202010.pdf
  13. ^ "The Sudan National Assembly". parliament.gov.sd.
  14. ^ https://allafrica.com/stories/201312160213.html
  15. ^ "The Sudan National Assembly". parliament.gov.sd.
  16. ^ "Neues Parlament für Kryptowährungen".
  17. ^ "IPU PARLINE database: SUDAN (Majlis Watani), Last elections". archive.ipu.org.
  18. ^ "The Present National Assembly:". www.parliament.gov.sd.