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National Central City
Simplified Chinese国家中心城市
Traditional Chinese國家中心城市

National Central Cities (simplified Chinese: 国家中心城市; traditional Chinese: 國家中心城市; pinyin: Guójiā Zhōngxīn Chéngshì) are a group of cities in China charged with leading, developing, and performing tasks in politics, economics, and culture. The concept was proposed by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People's Republic of China in 2005 as a first step in reforming urbanization in China.

The National Central Cities' spheres of influence have great impact around the surrounding cities on modernizing and integrating services in fields such as infrastructure, finance, public education, social welfare, sanitation, business licensing and urban planning. Please refer to the detailed list below for a list of the National Central Cities. Note that though both Shenzhen and Hangzhou rank higher on the GaWC in comparison to Wuhan, Zhengzhou and Xi'an, they were not included.

Division Hanzi (S) & Pinyin Total GDP
(2017 USD)
Per capita
(2017 USD)
Urban Population
(2017)
Area
(km2)
Density
(/km2)
Municipal Population
(2017)
Economic Zone Region Subdivisions
Beijing 北京; Běijīng $443.8 billion $20,446.58 18.76 million 16,411 1,323 21.70 million Bohai Economic Rim North List
Tianjin 天津; Tiānjīn $294.7 billion $19,452 12.91 million 11,920 1,306 15.57 million Bohai Economic Rim North List
Shanghai 上海; Shànghǎi $477.63 billion $19,750.5 21.21 million 6,341 3,813.8 24.18 million Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone East List
Chongqing (Districts) 重庆; Chóngqìng $309.1 billion $9,433 19.71 million 82,400 373.2 30.75 million West Triangle Economic Zone Southwest List
Chengdu 成都; Chéngdū $273.8 billion $16,515 11.54 million 14,378 6,500 9.14 million West Triangle Economic Zone Southwest List
Guangzhou 广州; Guǎngzhōu $341 billion $22,317 12.49 million 7,434 1,950.2 14.50 million Pearl River Delta Economic Zone South List
Wuhan 武汉; Wǔhàn $212.6 billion $19,627.7 8.72 million 8,494 1,282 10.89 million Yangtze River Midstream Economic Zone Central
Zhengzhou 郑州; Zhèngzhōu $144.7 billion $14,276.13 7.14 million 7,446 1,327 9.88 million Zhongyuan Economic Zone Central
Xi'an 西安; Xī'ān $118.4 billion $12,055.41 5.9 million 10,135 893.6 9.06 million West Triangle Economic Zone Northwest

Gallery

National Central City is located in China
Beijing
Beijing
Tianjin
Tianjin
Shanghai
Shanghai
Chongqing
Chongqing
Chengdu
Chengdu
Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Wuhan
Wuhan
Zhengzhou
Zhengzhou
Xi'an
Xi'an
Location of National Central Cities of China

See also

References