National Film Archive of India
NFAI building
Map
EstablishedFebruary 1964[1]
LocationLaw College Rd, Deccan Gymkhana, Pune, Maharashtra 411004, India
Websitehttps://nfai.nfdcindia.com/

The National Film Archive of India (NFAI) was established as a media unit of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting in February 1964.[2] It was a member of the International Federation of Film Archives.[3]

In March 2022, it was merged with National Film Development Corporation.[4]

Objectives

Its three principal objectives are: to trace, acquire and preserve for posterity the heritage of Indian cinema; to classify, document data and undertake research relating to films; to act as a centre for the dissemination of film culture.[5]

Organization

With headquarters at Pune, Maharashtra, NFAI had three regional offices at Bangalore, Calcutta and Thiruvananthapuram. Developed from scratch by P. K. Nair,[6] NFAI's activities related to the dissemination of film culture were manifold. Its distribution library consists of about 25 active members throughout the country and it also organizes joint screening programmes on a weekly, fortnightly and monthly basis in six important centres. The archive contains over 10,000 films, over 10,000 books, over 10,000 film scripts, and over 50,000 photographs.[7] Another important programme conducted by the archive is the film teaching scheme comprising long and short-term film appreciation courses conducted in collaboration with the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII) and other educational and cultural institutions.[8] At the international level, NFAI has supplied several Indian classics for major screening programmes.[9]

The NFAI's archive keeps a stock of films, video cassettes, DVDs, books, posters, stills, press clippings, slides, audio CDs, and disc records of Indian cinema dating back to the 1910s.[7]

State of preservation

On 8 January 2003, a large fire caused a massive destruction in the vault of NFAI housed in the Prabhat Studio complex of FTII in Pune, in which unduplicated irreplaceable films with a nitrate base were destroyed.[10] Ravi Shankar Prasad the then Minister of State, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India announced in the Rajya Sabha that 607 films in 5,097 reels were lost in the fire.[11] Among the greatest loss were films by Dadasaheb Phalke including: Raja Harishchandra (1913), Lanka Dahan (1917) and Kaliya Mardan (1919). Important films produced by Prabhat Film Company, Wadia Movietone, Bombay Talkies and New Theatres, were also gutted, namely: Bhakta Prahlada (1932), Amar Jyoti (1936), Manoos (1939), Aage Badho (1947) and others.[12]

In March 2019, the Comptroller and Auditor General of India reported that 31,000 reels at the NFAI were reported lost or destroyed, when it audited the records between May 1, 2015, and September 30, 2017.[13]

References

  1. ^ Publications Division (15 September 2017). Mass Media in India 1992. Publications Division Ministry of Information & Broadcasting. pp. 2–. ISBN 978-81-230-2566-7.
  2. ^ T. M. Ramachandran; S. Rukmini (1985). 70 Years of Indian Cinema, 1913-1983. CINEMA India-International. pp. 530-. ISBN 978-0-86132-090-5.
  3. ^ "National Film Archive of India - International Federation of Film Archives". www.fiafnet.org. Retrieved 14 August 2023.
  4. ^ "Govt announces merger of all film bodies under National Film Development Corporation". The Indian Express. 30 March 2022. Retrieved 14 August 2023.
  5. ^ India. Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (1978). Report. The Ministry. pp. 40-.
  6. ^ "Rescuing film prints from floods, fire and ignorance: tales from the pioneer of archiving in India". scroll.in. 1 April 2017.
  7. ^ a b "National Film Archives of India". libguides.jgu.edu.in. Retrieved 14 August 2023.
  8. ^ "FTII and NFAI kick off summer film appreciation course". The Times of India. 7 May 2018. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 14 August 2023.
  9. ^ "Dr L Murugan inaugurates India Pavilion at Marche du Film, says films carry India's strength in storytelling across the world". pib.gov.in. Retrieved 14 August 2023.
  10. ^ "Over 600 rare films reduced to ashes in fire mishap at National Film Archives of India". India Today. 27 January 2013.
  11. ^ "14 years after fire destroyed hundreds of films, lessons not yet learnt". Indian Express. 19 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Fire at FTII". Frontline. 18 January 2003.
  13. ^ "Over 31,000 Film Reels At Film Archives Body Lost, Destroyed: Auditor CAG". NDTV. 17 March 2019.