The central government of India periodically publishes a National Health Policy (NHP) to guide future health programs.

In 1979 the Journal of the Indian Medical Association published a review of the policy.[1] There has been 3 NHPs by Government Of India. The three NHPs are- NHP (1983), NHP (2002) and NHP (2017).[citation needed]

The first NHP in 1983 had as its goal access to primary care for everyone in India by the year 2000.[2] The Indian Dental Association made oral health recommendations in 1986 the Central Council of Health and Family Welfare accepted these for inclusion in future planning.[3]

The Ayushman Bharat is one of the implementations of the 2017 policy. The latest discussion involves the National Health ID system.[4]


  1. ^ "National health policy: a draft prepared by the Indian Medical Association". Journal of the Indian Medical Association. 72 (6): 144–7. 16 March 1979. PMID 512387.
  2. ^ Chokshi, M; Patil, B; Khanna, R; Neogi, SB; Sharma, J; Paul, VK; Zodpey, S (December 2016). "Health systems in India". Journal of Perinatology. 36 (s3): S9–S12. doi:10.1038/jp.2016.184. PMC 5144115. PMID 27924110.
  3. ^ Kothia, NR; Bommireddy, VS; Devaki, T; Vinnakota, NR; Ravoori, S; Sanikommu, S; Pachava, S (26 July 2015). "Assessment of the Status of National Oral Health Policy in India". International Journal of Health Policy and Management. 4 (9): 575–81. doi:10.15171/ijhpm.2015.137. PMC 4556573. PMID 26340486.
  4. ^ Lahariya, C (15 June 2018). "'Ayushman Bharat' Program and Universal Health Coverage in India". Indian Pediatrics. 55 (6): 495–506. doi:10.1007/s13312-018-1341-1. PMID 29978817. S2CID 49706719.