National Movement

Ruch Narodowy
ChairmanRobert Winnicki
First Vice ChairmanKrzysztof Bosak
Second Vice ChairmanKrzysztof Tuduj
Founded11 November 2012 (as a society)
10 December 2014 (as a party)
Headquartersul. Stanisława Noakowskiego 10/12,
00-666 Warsaw
Youth wingAll-Polish Youth
Women's wingNational Women's Organization
Ideology
Political positionFar-right[2]
ReligionRoman Catholicism
National affiliationConfederation Liberty and Independence
Sejm
5 / 460
Senate
0 / 100
European Parliament
0 / 51
Regional assemblies
0 / 552
Website
www.ruchnarodowy.net

National Movement (Polish: Ruch Narodowy), abbreviated to RN, is a political party, first formed as an electoral alliance of far-right and right-wing populist political movements in Poland, which have signed an ideological agreement. The party was formed after the Polish Independence March in 2012.

In 2018, the party formed a coalition with KORWiN called Confederation.[7] The party currently has five deputies in the Sejm.

The All-Polish Youth plays a major role in the party.

National Congress Meetings

The First Congress of the National Movement took place on June 8, 2013 in Warsaw. Guest of honor at the congress was Rafał Ziemkiewicz. Representatives of the groups co-create the movement signed the declaration of ideological National Movement.

The Second Congress of the National Movement took place May 3, 2014 in Warsaw. Honorary guests of the congress were Leszek Zebrowski, Stanislaw Michalkiewicz and Márton Gyöngyösi of the Hungarian Jobbik.[8] Also the guest list included the party's other international allies: Roberto Fiore of Forza Nuova (Italian: New Force)', and the leaders of the Spanish Democracia Nacional. The congress passed the following demands of the program:[9]

Ideology

As adopted in the January 2013 declaration of ideology, the decision-making council of the National Movement has indicated its three main components: identity (nation, family, people), sovereignty (the state, culture, economy) and freedom (of speech, management, people); identified the awareness and commitment of the young generation of Poles as the strength of the National Movement and pledged to work on the transformation of the homeland, emphasized the idea of the nation, understood as a cultural community formed by generations.[10] National Movement advocates fight for the sovereignty of the country, to repair the political and economic state and defending the freedom of its citizens, as well as the realisation in the sphere of culture and politics of traditional values.[11] The purpose of the Movement is a fundamental social change - the so-called. "Overthrow of the republic of the Round Table". Declares itself as a social movement which is a network of community initiatives for state sovereignty and national identity.

In the absence of hierarchical and organisational dependencies, the movement will be guided by the common symbols, and the demands of the electorate.[12] One of the symbols is the image of the nationalist right, which formed in the struggle for Polish independence. For most of the activists of the Movement such symbols are also soldiers of the army of the underground National Armed Forces (NSZ), who fought during World War II and after the war against the German and Soviet occupation. National Armed Forces, founded by the military part of the underground organisation nationalist camp in 1942, also declared obedience to submit to the Army. Among the soldiers of the National Armed Forces of the Supervisory Board sees its historical similarity and should continue to operate. Fundamental important dates to the Movement is the day commemorating the creation of the National Armed Forces attributable to 22 September, the anniversary of Captain Witold Pilecki's death sentence and 1 March - National Day of Remembrance "Soldiers accursed" (from 2011 official holiday) and attributable to the November 11 march Independence. National Movement is also trying to commemorate the anniversary of the imposition of martial law and the 1981 workers' uprising in Poznań in 1956.

National Movement, a coalition of independent groups, presents a conservative position on social issues. According to the program, decided at the second congress of 2014 the movement traditional ally of the Catholic Church and will strive to uphold traditional Christian values. The movement also refers to the tradition and heritage of ancient Rome.[13] The progress of civilisation, which was to take place in Poland thanks to EU funds, is treated as a partial compensation for the losses that Poland suffered in connection with the unilateral opening of the market in the pre-accession period, while Polish banking sector depends on foreign capital.[14]

Economy

The outline of the economic program was presented by Krzysztof Bosak during the second congress of the Movement. According to the RN, it is possible to combine a wide range of economic freedoms with constructive approach to the state, furnished on the basis of the principles of thrift and subsidiarity.[15] The establishment of the Institute for National Strategy, will bring together experts and work out a modern program for the National Movement.

The movement is opposed to the introduction of the euro in Poland.

Foreign policy

The National Movement is a eurosceptic grouping.

In a joint statement with the Hungarian Jobbik on the situation in Ukraine, they have indicated a desire to deepen cooperation between the two groups. They announced the Polish-Hungarian exchange of lists of candidates for election to the European Parliament in 2014 (which ultimately did not happen).[16] Hungarian and Polish nationalists believe that national governments devote national interests in favour of eurofederalism. In this particular case, both national movements called together the national authorities of their countries for political and diplomatic efforts to protect endangered the rights of national minorities in Ukraine due to the revolutionary mood in the east, including promoting the symbolism and characters associated with the Ukrainian ethnic chauvinism that in the context of historical experience violently celebrated national minorities in these lands.

The National Movement wants to improve relations with Russia, considering it as a superpower and claiming that it was not a threat to Poland on any level, as well as supporting the reconstruction of commercial relations with this country. It also believed that the presence of allied NATO and American troops is "the reverse of allied support, which strengthens Poland's dependence and dependability in its defense capabilities". It instead proposed to work with Russia and China as an antidote to the influence of the United States and Germany, calling it a "multi-vector policy".[17]

However, following critical Russian remarks regarding Polish conduct during the Second World War, the National Movement's stance has become more negative towards Russia.[18] The party has disavowed the pro-Russian stance of its political ally Janusz Korwin-Mikke[19] and condemned the Russian annexation of Crimea.[20] The party has suggested Russia was coordinating with Israel, which has expressed similar criticisms of Polish conduct during the Second World War.[21]

This party also opposes the admission of immigrants to Poland.

LGBT rights

The party opposes same sex rights, pro-LGBT marches and its leaders have described homosexuality as "a disease", frequently arranging counter demonstrations.[5][3][6]

Participation in elections

Elections to the European Parliament in 2014

See also: European Parliament election, 2014 (Poland)

The National Movement announced their desire to take in the elections to the European Parliament on the 7th January 2014 which were to be held in the same year. The movement's policies for these elections were: Building a "Europe of Homelands" through annulling the Lisbon Treaty, furthering the anti-gender campaign, promoting Polish historical policy at the EU level, striving for the rights of Poles abroad (especially in Lithuania) withdrawal from the climate package, as well as promoting Polish mining and coal-based energy. The National Movement fielded candidates in all constituencies.[22] In the elections 98 626 people voted for the National Movement, which gave it 1.4% of the vote (9th place overall).[23]

Senate by-elections in 2014

In the by-election to district No. 47 of the Senate on September 7, 2014, the candidate of the National Movement, Krzysztof Bosak, received 6.42% of votes, which placed him in 3rd place out of 6 candidates.[24]

Presidential elections in 2015

In the Polish presidential election in 2015 the party fielded a candidate, Marian Kowalski, a columnist and bodybuilder. He was eliminated in the first-round with only 77,630 votes, a 0.52% share.[25][26]

Parliamentary elections 2015

In the 2015 parliamentary election the RN cooperated with Kukiz'15, whose five of 42 seats were held by National Movement members.[27] In April 2016 National Movement management decided to leave Kukiz's movement, but only one MP followed party instruction. These ones, who stayed in Kukiz'15, together with a few other Kukiz's MPs, formed association "National Democracy" (Endecja).[28]

Elections to the European Parliament in 2019

In the 2019 National Movement has created anti European Union coalition called Konfederacja Korwin Liroy Braun Narodowcy.[29] The coalition got 621,188 and 4.55% of the vote.

Parliamentary elections 2019

For the 2019 elections the National Movement continued to be part of the Confederation and the coalition was one of only five electoral committees with candidates in all electoral districts. This time they made it into the Sejm with 6.81% of the vote. The coalition got 11 MPs, of which 5 belong to the National Movement.

Presidential elections in 2020

For the upcoming Polish presidential election in 2020 the Confederation had a primary. Vice-chairman Krzysztof Bosak ran in the primary as the candidate for the National Movement.[30] He won the primary and was nominated by the Confederation on January 18.[31]

Election results

Sejm

Election Votes % Rank Seats
2015 1,339,094 8.8 (#3) 3rd
5 / 460
As part of Kukiz'15, which won 42 seats in total.
2019 1,256,953 6.8 (#5) 5th
5 / 460
As part of Confederation, which won 11 seats in total.

Presidential

Election Candidate 1st round 2nd round
# of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall votes % of overall vote
2015 Marian Kowalski 77,630 0.52 (#9)
2020 Krzysztof Bosak 1,317,380 6.78 (#4)

References

  1. ^ "Polish Interior Minister Issues Last-Minute Ban on Neo-Fascist Show of Force Outside Israeli Embassy in Warsaw". algemeiner.com. The Algemeiner. 31 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b Henningsen, Bernd; Etzold, Tobias; Hanne, Krister, eds. (15 September 2017). The Baltic Sea Region: A Comprehensive Guide: History, Politics, Culture and Economy of a European Role Model. Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag. p. 352. ISBN 978-3-8305-1727-6.
  3. ^ a b c "Marsz Równości w Częstochowie. "Homopropaganda nie dotrze na Jasną Górę"". Dorzeczy.pl. 8 July 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Koncepcja militaryzacji narodu w publicystyce i programie Ruchu Narodowego". researchgate.net. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Festiwal nienawiści na Marszu Równości w Katowicach. Niewyobrażalne zachowanie narodowców". Natemat.pl. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Wyborcza.pl". Katowice.wyborcza.pl. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  7. ^ Rogacin, Kacper (2019-02-27). "Konfederacja KORWiN, Liroy, Braun, Narodowcy. Zaprezentowano nazwę i logo. Znamy szczegóły". polskatimes.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2019-05-06.
  8. ^ ""Będziemy ich prześladować w PE" – II Kongres Ruchu Narodowego". Archived from the original on 2014-11-11.
  9. ^ "Kontakt – narodowcy2014.pl". Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  10. ^ "narodowcy2014.pl – Deklaracja Ideowa". narodowcy2014.pl. Archived from the original on 2014-10-20.
  11. ^ "RUCH NARODOWY". Mw.org.pl. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  12. ^ Grzegorz Krawczyk (12 November 2012). "Powstaje Ruch Narodowy". Onet Wiadomości.
  13. ^ My jesteśmy Rzymianami, jesteśmy synami i córkami Rzymu antycznego, Rzymu w rozumieniu katolickim, jesteśmy dziedzicami Wiecznego Rzymu – Robert Winnicki podczas II Ogólnopolskiego Kongresu Ruchu Narodowego, 3 May 2014"
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-05-01. Retrieved 2019-03-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Wystąpienie Krzysztofa Bosaka na Kongresie Ruchu Narodowego - Ruch Narodowy". Ruchnarodowy.org.
  16. ^ "Polscy narodowcy idą z Jobbikiem do UE". Wyborcza.pl. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  17. ^ "Program Ruchu Narodowego" (PDF). pp. 21–28.
  18. ^ https://nczas.com/2020/01/16/robert-winnicki-z-konfederacji-wie-jak-wykiwac-wladimira-putina-musimy-byc-jak-zydzi-musimy-byc-sprytni-video/
  19. ^ https://www.dorzeczy.pl/kraj/126349/narodowcy-krytycznie-o-wypowiedziach-korwin-mikkego.html
  20. ^ https://wpolityce.pl/polityka/483195-zapomnialby-o-klamstwach-bosak-spotkalby-sie-z-putinem
  21. ^ https://wiadomosci.dziennik.pl/polityka/artykuly/6424428,bosak-duda-wybory-prezydenckie.html
  22. ^ "Państwowa Komisja Wyborcza - Komitet Wyborczy Wyborców Ruch Narodowy". Pe2014.pkw.gov.pl.
  23. ^ "Państwowa Komisja Wyborcza - Państwowa Komisja Wyborcza". Archive.is. Archived from the original on 2014-08-24.
  24. ^ "PKW - PKW". Senat47.pkw.gov.pl. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  25. ^ "Państwowa Komisja Wyborcza" (PDF). Prezydent2015.pkw.gov.pl. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  26. ^ "Państwowa Komisja Wyborcza" (PDF). Prezydent2015.pkw.gov.pl. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  27. ^ "Posłowie Ruchu Narodowego w Sejmie". Ruchnarodowy.net. 27 October 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  28. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-03-28. Retrieved 2016-11-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  29. ^ Białczyk, oprac Piotr (2019-04-25). "Wybory do Parlamentu Europejskiego 2019. Konfederacja ma nowego szefa". wiadomosci.wp.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2019-04-26.
  30. ^ http://bosak2020.pl/
  31. ^ https://wiadomosci.radiozet.pl/Polska/Polityka/Krzysztof-Bosak-kandydatem-Konfederacji-na-prezydenta-Polski-pokonal-Grzegorza-Brauna

Sources