National Movement for Sovereignty
Movimento Nazionale per la Sovranità
SecretaryMarco Cerreto
PresidentRoberto Menia
Founded18 February 2017
Dissolved7 December 2019
Merger ofNational Action
The Right
Merged intoBrothers of Italy
HeadquartersVia Giovanni Paisiello 40, Rome, Italy
Youth wingIdentitary Youth
IdeologyNational conservatism
Souverainism
Euroscepticism
Political positionRight-wing to far-right
Colours  Dark blue
Website
www.movimento-nazionale.it

The National Movement for Sovereignty (Italian: Movimento Nazionale per la Sovranità, MNS) was a national-conservative political party in Italy, founded on 18 February 2017, with the merger of National Action and The Right.[1] Its founders were Gianni Alemanno and Francesco Storace, both former ministers and former leaders of the two founding parties, respectively.

The MNS had his powerbase in Lazio, the region of Rome and a traditional stronghold of Italian right-wing parties: Alemanno served as mayor of Rome (2008–2013), Storace as President of Lazio (2000–2005).

The party was finally merged into Brothers of Italy in December 2019.

History

The roots of the MNS can be traced in the tradition of the Italian Social Movement (MSI), the party of the post-fascist right, and its successor, National Alliance (AN), launched in 1993 and established in 1995. Both National Action and The Right are heirs of that tradition. The latter was founded in 2007 by former President of Lazio Francesco Storace, who opposed the merger of National Alliance into The People of Freedom, while National Action was launched in 2015 by former mayor of Rome Gianni Alemanno. Both Alemanno and Storace hailed from the Social Right faction of the defunct National Alliance.

During its founding congress in February 2017, the MNS elected Alemanno secretary and Storace president.[2][3][4][5] The party aimed at forming a broad "Sovereignitist Pole" with the Northern League (LN), Brothers of Italy, Direction Italy, and others.[6][7][8][9] However, Brothers of Italy did not take part to the MNS' founding congress, despite being invited.[10]

In the run-up of the 2018 general election the party endorsed Matteo Salvini and the LN,[11][12] which was restyled as "League". As a result, the MNS had a few candidates in League's lists.[13] However, Storace disagreed with Alemanno on them and on which candidate the party should endorse in the regional election in Lazio: the former favoured right-wing independent Sergio Pirozzi, the latter the official centre-right candidate Stefano Parisi.[14][15] When Storace resigned from president, Alemanno tried to mind fences (the role of president remained temporarily vacant),[16] but also led the party to officially support Parisi.[17] Storace denounced that the episode had marked his "definitive imcompatibility with the MNS".[18] Claudio Barbaro of the MNS was elected senator under the agreement between the party and the League.[19] In May 2018, Roberto Menia replaced Storace, who had left the party, as MNS president.

In March 2019, after being sentenced in the Mafia Capitale trial, Alemanno resigned as secretary of the MNS.[20]

In the 2019 European Parliament election the MNS presented its candidates on the lists of Brothers of Italy (FdI).[21] Subsequently, in June 2019, the MNS formed a federative pact with FdI.[22] In July 2019 Marco Cerreto was elected new secretary of the MNS.[23] In December 2019 the MNS was finally merged into FdI.[24]

Founding parties

Party Ideology Leader
National Action National conservatism Gianni Alemanno
The Right National conservatism Francesco Storace

Additionally, a number of associations and local groups joined the MNS.

Leadership

References

  1. ^ "Congresso Movimento nazionale, Storace". secoloditalia.it. 18 February 2017.
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ "Alemanno apre a Fdi: "Lavoriamo insieme"". Ilgiornale.it (in Italian). 20 February 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  4. ^ "Nasce il Movimento nazionale per la sovranità: Storace e Alemanno eletti presidente e segretario". 19 February 2017.
  5. ^ "Resources and Information". Ilgiornaleditalia.org. Archived from the original on 21 February 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  6. ^ "Nasce 'Polo sovranista' per centrodestra alternativo a Renzi". www.askanews.it.
  7. ^ "Storace e Alemanno: "Torniamo insieme per realizzare il Polo sovranista" - Secolo d'Italia". 12 January 2017.
  8. ^ "Nasce il nuovo partito della destra unita, Alemanno: 'Uniti per la sovranità'". Repubblica Tv - la Repubblica.it. 12 January 2017.
  9. ^ "Destra, Alemanno e Storace insieme per il Polo sovranista: "Puntiamo a 5 milioni di voti" - Il Fatto Quotidiano". 12 January 2017.
  10. ^ "La Russa". Secoloditalia.it. 23 February 1976. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  11. ^ Giuseppe Alberto Falci. "Alemanno e il gruppo di ex An che migra verso la Lega". Corriere.it. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  12. ^ "Centrodestra, Alemanno e Storace: Salvini premier". Affaritaliani.it. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  13. ^ "Movimento Nazionale per la Sovranità". Movimento-nazionale.it. 30 January 2018. Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  14. ^ "Regionali, Alemanno abbandona Pirozzi e appoggia Stefano Parisi Storace". Ilmessaggero.it. 5 February 2018. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  15. ^ ""Sovranisti" per Parisi: Alemanno scarica Pirozzi e litiga con Storace". Ilprimatonazionale.it. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  16. ^ "Movimento Nazionale per la Sovranità". Movimento-nazionale.it. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  17. ^ "Regionali Lazio, Alemanno (Mns) Quadri Mns: Approvato A Larga Maggioranza L'Appoggio A Parisi – Movimento Nazionale Per La Sovranità". Movimento-nazionale.it. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  18. ^ "Resources and Information". Ilgiornaleditalia.org. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  19. ^ Giuseppe Di Biase (6 March 2018). "Elezioni: in Campania eletti 3 parlamentari con la Lega". Napoli.repubblica.it. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  20. ^ Gianni Alemanno lascia la politica: “Mi dimetto dal Movimento Sovranista”
  21. ^ Ecco perché il Mns sceglie di sostenere le liste di Fratelli d’Italia alle europee
  22. ^ Altri segnali di unità a destra: patto tra Movimento sovranista e Fratelli d’Italia
  23. ^ Finisce la diaspora della destra. Patto federativo tra FdI e Mns che elegge segretario Marco Cerreto
  24. ^ FdI abbraccia il movimento nazionale. «La risposta all’appello di Giorgia: casa comune a destra»