|Founded||23 June 1928|
|Dissolved||7 April 1934|
|Merged into||Scottish National Party|
The National Party of Scotland (NPS) was a centre-left political party in Scotland which was one of the predecessors of the current Scottish National Party (SNP). The NPS was the first Scottish nationalist political party, and the first which campaigned for Scottish self-determination.
The National Party of Scotland was founded in 1928 by the amalgamation of the Scots National League (SNL), the Scottish National Movement (SNM) and the Glasgow University Scottish Nationalist Association (GUSNA). The NPS emerged from the consensus among members of these groups, and the Scottish Home Rule Association, that an independent political party, free of any connections to any existing parties, was the best way forward for achieving Scottish Home Rule.
The NPS contested the 1929 and 1931 United Kingdom general elections, and a number of by-elections. In 1934 the NPS merged with the Scottish Party to form the Scottish National Party (SNP).
The NPS was formed in 1928 after John MacCormick of the Glasgow University Scottish Nationalist Association called a meeting of all those favouring the establishment of a party favouring Scottish Home Rule. The meeting was presided over by Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham, who had been a Liberal Party, then Scottish Labour Party politician. The NPS was formed by the amalgamation of GUSNA with the Scots National League, Lewis Spence's Scots National Movement and the Scottish Home Rule Movement. On 23 June an inauguration took place in Stirling.
The NPS was a left-of-centre party. The celebrated poet, Hugh MacDiarmid was a member, but was expelled on account of his communist views (ironically, he would later be expelled from the Communist Party of Great Britain for his Scottish Nationalist beliefs). Other figures besides MacDiarmid were involved. Eric Linklater stood as an NPS candidate in the 1933 East Fife by-election, and Neil Gunn played a role in aiding the NPS amalgamation with the Scottish Party.
In 1932 a home rule organisation, the Scottish Party, was formed by former members of the then Unionist Party, precursor of the modern Scottish Conservative and Unionist Party. MacCormick desired unity amongst the Scottish Nationalist movement and made contact with the Scottish Party. Increasingly the two parties began to co-operate, and when the Scottish Party chose to contest the Kilmarnock by-election in November 1933 the NPS endorsed their candidate. In 1934 the NPS and Scottish Party merged to form the Scottish National Party.
Lewis Spence was the first nationalist to stand for election. He contested Midlothian and Peebles Northern at a by-election in 1929 and came fourth, with 4.5% of the vote.
|Westminster Elections||Candidates standing||Seats won||Votes||% Scottish vote||Saved deposits|
|1929 General Election||2||0||3,313||0.5||0|
|1931 General Election||5||0||20,954||1.0||3|
The NPS contested many elections in its short existence but never managed to get any of its candidates elected to parliament.
|1929 Midlothian and Peebles Northern by-election||Lewis Spence||842||4.5||4|
|Glasgow Camlachie||John MacCormick||1,646||4.9||3|
|West Renfrewshire||Roland Muirhead||1,667||5.4||4|
|1930 Glasgow Shettleston by-election||John McNicol||2,527||10.1||3|
|1930 East Renfrewshire by-election||Oliver Brown||4,818||13.1||3|
|1931 Glasgow St Rollox by-election||Elma Campbell||3,521||15.8||3|
|East Renfrewshire||Oliver Brown||6,498||13.9||3|
|Edinburgh East||T. T. Alexander||2,872||9.4||3|
|Glasgow St Rollox||Elma Campbell||3,521||13.3||3|
|West Renfrewshire||Roland Muirhead||3,547||11.0||3|
|1932 Dunbartonshire by-election||Robert Gray||5,178||13.4||3|
|1932 Montrose Burghs by-election||Douglas Emslie||1,966||11.7||3|
|1933 East Fife by-election||Eric Linklater||1,083||3.6||5|