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National Printing Office
FormationNovember 7, 1901; 121 years ago (November 7, 1901) as Bureau of Public Printing
1987; 36 years ago (1987) as National Printing Office
TypeRecognized Government Printer
Legal statusActive
PurposeTo continue to provide printing services to government agencies and instrumentalities
Region served
Carlos A. Bathan [1]
₱10.38 million (2020)[2]

National Printing Office (NPO) is one of 3 Recognized Government Printers in the Philippines (together with Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas and the Apo Production Unit). It was first established in 1901 as the Philippine Bureau of Printing. It is an instrumentality of the Government entrusted with the tasks of printing and binding routine Government publications, public documents, the Official Gazette, and other official forms.[3]


Establishment and Early Years of the Bureau of Printing

On November 7, 1901, the Philippine Commission enacted Act No. 296 to create the Bureau of Printing as the pioneer of the Philippine printing industry. Throughout its history, the Bureau has been placed under different government offices. It was initially under the Department of Public Instruction until 1918, when it was placed under the Department of Finance.

Transfers and Changes in Government Offices

In 1947, it was transferred to the Office of the President and nine years later in 1958, it was placed under the Department of General Services.

Formation of the National Printing Office

In 1986, under the presidency of Corazon Aquino through the virtue of Executive Order No. 285, the Bureau was merged with the printing unit of the Philippine Information Agency to form the National Printing Office. Through the same order, it was placed under the Office of the Press Secretary, which is today known as the Presidential Communications Operations Office and under which the NPO remains today.[4]

Leadership and Development under John Sylvannus Leech

The first Director of the Bureau of Printing was John Sylvannus Leech. Under his term, the Apprenticeship System was adopted in the Bureau to train future printers in the agency's operations. Among the apprentices who benefited from this program was Pablo Lucas, who went on to be the first Filipino Director of Printing.[5]


The NPO has printing jurisdiction over the:

Together with other recognized government printers, the NPO is tasked with the printing of Accountable Forms and Sensitive High Quality/Volume requirements of the government. Besides the other jobs listed above, the NPO may also accept other government printing jobs, including government publications. However, these are engaged in a non-exclusive basis.[6]


The NPO is currently headed by Director Carlos A. Bathan (2022). He leads the following officials:[7]


  1. ^ "NPO Directory". National Printing Bureau. Retrieved September 28, 2019.
  2. ^ Aika Rey (January 8, 2020). "Where will the money go?". Rappler. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
  3. ^ "The Leading Government Printer". National Printing Office. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
  4. ^ "Executive Order No. 285, s. 1987". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. July 25, 1987. Archived from the original on March 31, 2019. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
  5. ^ "History". National Printing Office. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
  6. ^ "Functions". National Printing Office. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
  7. ^ "NPO Directory | National Printing Office". Retrieved July 14, 2020.