National Statistical Commission
राष्ट्रीय सांख्यिकी आयोग
Autonomous Body overview
FormedJanuary 2000
HeadquartersNew Delhi
Autonomous Body executive
Parent departmentMinistry of Statistics and Programme Implementation

The National Statistical Commission (NSC) of India is an autonomous body which formed in January 2000 under the recommendation of Rangarajan commission. The NSC is currently headed by Prof. Rajeeva Laxman Karandikar who was appointed as Chairperson of the Commission on 30 Nov 2022 for a period of three years. Dr. Kiran Pandya and Prof. Pulak Ghosh are other members of the Commission. Amitabh Kant, ex. CEO of NITI Aayog is the ex-officio Member and Dr. G P Samanta, Chief Statistician of India and Secretary, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation is Secretary to the Commission.[1] The Chairperson of the Commission enjoys the status of a Minister of State and the Members of the Commission have the status equivalent to the Secretary to the Government of India. The Chairperson and the Members also enjoy a relative security of tenure as once they assume office, they can be removed only by the President after the Supreme Court of India has on inquiry held in accordance with the procedure Article 145 of the Constitution of India reported that they ought to be removed.

The objective of its constitution is to reduce the problems faced by statistical agencies in the country in relation to collection of data.

Statistical agencies like the Central Statistics Office (CSO) and the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) face numerous problems in collecting data from State and Central government departments, but an autonomous body like the NSC is thought to be more able to coordinate things as a statutory status would lend it teeth.

It would lay special emphasis on ensuring collection of unbiased data so as to restore public trust in the figures released by the Government.

Present Composition

Present Members of the NSC (As on 12-12-2022):[1]

National Statistical Commission
Position Name of the Member
Chairman Prof. Rajeeva Laxman Karandikar
Member Prof. Mukesh Mohania
Member Shri Asit Kumar Sadhu
Ex-Officio Member Shri Parameswaran Iyer (Ex-Officio Member(CEO Niti Aayog)
Secretary to the NSC Dr. G.P. Samanta, Chief Statistician of India & Secretary MOSPI

Chief Statistician of India

  1. Pronab Sen[2][3] – First Chief Statistician of India
  2. T C A Anant[4][5]
  3. Pravin Srivastava[6][7]
  4. Dr.G.P.Samanta


  1. ^ a b "Present Composition of NSC". Government of India. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Dr. Pronab Sen". Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  3. ^ "Ex-Chief Statistician Pronab Sen: For data credibility, need to fix calendar for its release". The Indian Express. 24 January 2020. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  4. ^ "Former chief statistician T C A Anant assumes charge as UPSC member". The Economic Times. 14 January 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  5. ^ "Pravin Srivastava: The newly appointed chief statistician of India". Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  6. ^ "Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation". Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  7. ^ K.R.Srivats. "Pravin Srivastava appointed as Chief Statistician of India". @businessline. Retrieved 13 June 2020.