.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}@media all and (max-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{width:auto!important;clear:none!important;float:none!important))You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Chinese. (August 2018) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Chinese Wikipedia article at [[:zh:國立臺灣大學]]; see its history for attribution. You may also add the template ((Translated|zh|國立臺灣大學)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
National Taiwan University
國立臺灣大學
Former names
Taihoku Imperial University
Motto敦品勵學,愛國愛人 Dūnpǐn Lìxué, àiguó àirén
Motto in English
Integrity, Diligence, Fidelity, Compassion[1]
TypePublic (National)
EstablishedFounded on March 16, 1928[a]
Reorganized on November 15, 1945
Endowment$16.9 billion NTD
PresidentChen Wen-chang
Academic staff
2,029 (2020–2021)[2]
Administrative staff
6,765 (2020–2021)
Students32,974 (2020–2021)
Undergraduates16,773 (2020–2021)
Postgraduates12,533 (2020–2021)
3,668 (2020–2021)
Location,
25°00′58″N 121°32′10″E / 25.016°N 121.536°E / 25.016; 121.536 25°01′N 121°32′E / 25.017°N 121.533°E / 25.017; 121.533
CampusUrban,
1.6 km2 (0.62 sq mi) (Greater Taipei combined);
344 km2 (133 sq mi) (Nantou County combined)
ColorsMaroon and gold   [3]
AffiliationsHarvard-Yenching Institute[4]
APRU
AEARU
ASAIHL
AACSB-Accredited
EUTW
National Taiwan University System
Global research & industry alliance (Gloria) of National Science and Technology Council (Taiwan)
Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities
Chung-Hua Institution for Economic Research
PACIBER[5]
AAPBS
EPU[6]
Washington University in St. Louis McDonnell International Scholars Academy[7]
IEEE[8]
Association for Computing Machinery[9]
Coursera
Websitentu.edu.tw
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese国立台湾大学
Traditional Chinese國立臺灣大學
Taihoku Imperial University
Simplified Chinese台北帝国大学
Traditional Chinese臺北帝國大學
Alternative Japanese name
Kanji台北帝国大学

National Taiwan University (NTU; Chinese: 國立臺灣大學; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kok-li̍p Tâi-oân Tāi-ha̍k) is a national comprehensive public research university in Taipei, Taiwan.[10] It has been regarded as the most prestigious university in Taiwan.[11][12]

The university was founded in 1928 during Japanese rule as the seventh of the Imperial Universities. It was named Taihoku Imperial University (臺北帝國大學) and served during the period of Japanese colonization. After World War II, the Nationalist government assumed the administration of the university. The Ministry of Education reorganized and renamed the university to its current name on November 15, 1945, with its roots of liberal tradition from Peking University in Beijing by former NTU President Fu Ssu-nien.[13]

The university consists of 11 colleges, 56 departments, 133 graduate institutes, about 60 research centers, and a school of professional education and continuing studies.[14][15][16]

By far, every democratic-elected president of Taiwan are notable NTU alumni, as well as Turing Award laureate Andrew Yao, and Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate Yuan T. Lee. NTU is affiliated with National Taiwan Normal University and National Taiwan University of Science and Technology as part of the NTU System.

History

NTU Central Administration Building

Imperial University

National Taiwan University has its origins as the Taihoku Imperial University (Japanese: 台北帝国大学, romanizedTaihoku Teikoku Daigaku; simplified Chinese: 台北帝国大学; traditional Chinese: 臺北帝國大學; pinyin: Taibeidiguodaxue), founded in 1928 during Japanese rule as a member of the imperial university system administered by the Empire of Japan.[13]

The school's first president was Taira Shidehara [ja]. Taihoku Imperial University began with the faculty of Liberal Arts and Law and the Faculty of Science and Agriculture serving 60 students. The university was intended mainly for Japanese nationals; few Taiwanese students were admitted. The Faculty of Medicine and the Faculty of Engineering were added in 1935 and 1943, respectively.[13]

National University

After World War II, the Republic of China (Taiwan) government reorganized the school as an institution for Chinese-speaking students. The school was renamed National Taiwan University on November 15, 1945, and Lo Tsung-lo was appointed as its president. The Literature and Politics division was divided into the College of Liberal Arts and the College of Law. Additionally, colleges of Science, Medicine, Engineering, and Agriculture were established. Initially, there were six colleges with 22 departments. In 1945, student enrollment was 585.[13]

In 1960, the night school was initiated on a trial basis, and in 1967 a new night school was established. In 1987, the College of Management was established, followed by the College of Public Health in 1993 and the College of Electrical Engineering in 1997. The College of Electrical Engineering was later reorganized as the College of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering. In 1999, the College of Law has renamed the College of Social Sciences, and the Night Division and the Center for Continuing Education were combined to form the School for Professional and Continuing Studies. In 2002, the College of Agriculture has renamed the College of Bio-resources and Agriculture, and in 2002 a College of Life Sciences was added.

NTU selected as the national seven universities in research in 2002 (currently merged into six universities).[17][18]

Kuan Chung-ming controversy

Kuan Chung-ming, an economist who previously served in the Ma Administration, was named university president-elect in January 2018 but soon became embroiled in allegations related to plagiarism, academic misconduct, and violations of civil code which stipulated that Taiwanese public servants were not permitted to deliver lectures or to be involved in any mainland China-related academic activities due to national security concerns. During the election and the subsequent investigation, Tei-Wei Kuo served as the interim president of the university[19] while the president-elect underwent multiple legal investigations from the ruling DPP government.[20][21][22] Though Kuan was eventually cleared of all accusations and officially named as the university president in January 2019[23] (see 2018 NTU Presidential Election Controversy [zh]), this prolonged investigation raised suspicion regarding the intervention from the ruling DPP government. Three Ministers of Education stepped down as a result of this event.[24]

Campuses

NTU has a main campus in Daan District, Taipei City and has additional campuses in Taipei, New Taipei City, Hsinchu County, Yunlin County, and Nantou County. The main campus is home to most college department buildings and administrative buildings. The university governs farms, forests, and hospitals for education and research purposes.

The five campuses are:

Other university property

Academics

The original building housing National Taiwan University Hospital in Taipei
National Taiwan University Library

The university comprises 11 colleges: Liberal Arts, Engineering, Science, Social Sciences, Law, Bio-Resources & Agriculture, Management, Public Health, Electrical Engineering & Computer Science, Medicine, and Life Science.[25] NTU offers bachelor's degrees, master's degrees, and doctorate degrees in many disciplines.

NTU requires most of its undergraduate students to take a mandatory core curriculum, comprising Chinese, freshman English, physical education, and public service. The medical school in addition dictates each of its students to take philosophy and sociology classes as well as seminars in ethics and thanatology. Military training is no longer an obligatory course for male students, but it is a prerequisite if they plan to apply to become officers during their compulsory military service.

NTU's programs cover a wide array of disciplines across science, arts, and the humanities, with up to 8,000 courses made available for selection each semester.[26] Students are able to select courses offered by any of the colleges; however, compulsory subjects designated for each major needs to be completed to be awarded a degree. A student must declare a major during college application, some majors are more competitive than others and require a higher national examination score. In recent years, medicine, electrical engineering, law, and finance have been the most selective majors. Most majors take four years to complete while both the dental and the medical degrees take six years to finish.

The International Chinese Language Program (ICLP), founded by Stanford University, is located at National Taiwan University.[27]

NTU is a member of the Association of Pacific Rim Universities, Washington University in St. Louis's McDonnell International Scholars Academy,[28][29] and the Association of East Asian Research Universities.[30][31]

NTU also participates in several programs of the Taiwan International Graduate Program of Academia Sinica, Taiwan's most preeminent academic research institution.

University rankings

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World[32]201–300 (2022)
CWUR World[33]102 (2023)
CWTS World[34]100 (2023)
QS World[35]68 (2025)
THE World[36]187 (2023)
THE Reputation[37]126-150 (2023)
USNWR Global[38]=203 (2022–23)
Regional – Overall
QS Asia[39]19 (2023)
THE Asia[40]=29 (2023)
USNWR Asia[41]30 (2022–23)

Overall rankings

National Taiwan University is widely considered to be the best university in Taiwan. NTU was ranked 68th worldwide in the QS World University Rankings 2025,[42] 187th worldwide in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2023, 203rd worldwide in the US News 2022-2023, and 201-300th worldwide in the ARWU 2022.

The Aggregate Ranking of Top Universities (ARTU), which sorts universities based on their aggregate performance across THE, QS, and ARWU, ranked NTU 135th worldwide in 2022. [43]

With other peering references of academic ranking, NTU also releases NTU World Universities ranking annually on the Double Ten Day, the National Holiday of the Republic of China.[44]

Subject rankings

In the QS and ARWU subject rankings, NTU is ranked first in Taiwan in the majority of subjects.[45][46] In the THE Subject Rankings, NTU is ranked first in Taiwan in all subjects.[47]

List of presidents

The president heads the university. Each college is headed by a dean and each department by a chairman. Students elect their own representatives each year to attend administrative meetings.

National Taiwan University

Taihoku Imperial University

Alumni

See also: List of National Taiwan University people

NTU has produced many notable alumni. Tsai Ing-Wen, the current President of the Republic of China (Taiwan), as well as former presidents Lee Teng-hui, Chen Shui-bian and Ma Ying-jeou, all graduated from NTU. Both Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate Yuan T. Lee and Turing Award laureate Andrew Yao received their Bachelor of Science from the university. Many NTU electrical engineering graduates have gone on to build global companies, including Quanta Computer's Barry Lam, Mediatek's Tsai Ming-kai and Garmin's Min Kao.

Notes

  1. ^ as Taihoku Imperial University

See also

Alliance

References

  1. ^ "University Motto". National Taiwan University. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
  2. ^ "About NTU". National Taiwan University. June 27, 2021. Retrieved June 27, 2021.
  3. ^ "NTU at a Glance". National Taiwan University. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  4. ^ "HYI Partner Institutions in Asia". Harvard-Yenching Institute.
  5. ^ "Members | PACIBER".
  6. ^ "Eurasia Pacific Uninet".
  7. ^ "National Taiwan University".
  8. ^ "News".
  9. ^ "Find a Chapter".
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 6, 2021. Retrieved August 6, 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Taiwanese students get 'mental health days' as suicides rise". Times Higher Education (THE). August 31, 2023. Retrieved November 9, 2023.
  12. ^ "National Taiwan University (NTU) | Find Your Opportunity". Cornell University. Retrieved November 9, 2023.
  13. ^ a b c d "About NTU - About - National Taiwan University". www.ntu.edu.tw. Retrieved November 20, 2018.
  14. ^ "Office of International Affairs, NTU". oia.ntu.edu.tw. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  15. ^ "國立臺灣大學捐贈網站". giving.ntu.edu.tw (in Traditional Chinese). Retrieved November 20, 2018.
  16. ^ "NTU at a Glance - About NTU - About - National Taiwan University". www.ntu.edu.tw. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  17. ^ Huang, Muxuan (黃慕萱) (2004). 書目計量與學術評鑑—國內七所研究型大學論文發表概況分析。引文分析與學術評鑑研討會論文集. Taipei. p. 135–152.((cite book)): CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  18. ^ The list is: NTU, NTHU, NCTU, Yang-Ming, NCKU, NCU, and NSYSU.
  19. ^ "歷任校長姓名與任期 - 臺大校史 - 認識臺大 - 國立臺灣大學". www.ntu.edu.tw (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  20. ^ "管中閔案 台大遴委會:校長遴選不受行政程序法約束" (in Chinese). Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  21. ^ "未利益迴避? 管爺:上任前辭營利職 - 生活 - 自由時報電子報". Retrieved April 26, 2018.
  22. ^ "要教育部退出政治干預 管中閔推「挺管連署」不到一天破萬人 -- 上報 / 焦點". www.upmedia.mg.
  23. ^ "【致詞全文】500多天後管中閔上任了,近35年首位非台大畢業的校長". The News Lens 關鍵評論網. January 8, 2019.
  24. ^ "教育部長位子有毒? 聘不聘都請辭 管中閔案折損3個部長 | 政治 | 三立新聞網 SETN.COM". www.setn.com. December 25, 2018.
  25. ^ "Colleges & Departments - Academics - National Taiwan University". National Taiwan University. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
  26. ^ "Academics". National Taiwan University.
  27. ^ "About ICLP". ICLP of National Taiwan University. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  28. ^ "National Taiwan University". Global. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
  29. ^ "McDonnell International Scholars Academy". Global. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
  30. ^ "Member Universities - National Taiwan University". Association of Pacific Rim Universities. Retrieved July 28, 2018.
  31. ^ "17 Members". The Association of East Asian Research Universities. Retrieved July 28, 2018.
  32. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Academic Ranking of World Universities".
  33. ^ "World University Rankings 2023". Center for World University Rankingsg. Retrieved July 28, 2023.
  34. ^ "CWTS Leiden Ranking 2023". CWTS Leiden Ranking. Retrieved July 28, 2023.
  35. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2024". Top Universities.
  36. ^ "World University Rankings". October 4, 2022.
  37. ^ "World Reputation Rankings 2023". 2024.
  38. ^ "2022-2023 Best Global Universities Rankings". U.S. News Education.
  39. ^ "QS Asia University Rankings 2023". Top Universities.
  40. ^ "Asia University Rankings 2023". Times Higher Education (THE). June 13, 2023.
  41. ^ "2022-2023 Best Global Universities in Asia". U.S. News Education.
  42. ^ "NTU QS World University Rankings 2025". Top Universities.
  43. ^ "Full Rankings | Rankings". research.unsw.edu.au. Retrieved January 25, 2023.
  44. ^ "2012 National Taiwan University Ranking (NTU Ranking)". Archived from the original on August 30, 2013. Retrieved October 10, 2017.
  45. ^ a b "QS World University Rankings by Subject 2022". QS World University Rankings. March 23, 2023.
  46. ^ a b "ShanghaiRanking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects 2022". Academic Ranking of World Universities2.
  47. ^ a b "World University Rankings by subject". Times Higher Education World University Rankings.