National liberation has been a theme within Marxism, and especially after the influence of anti-imperialism and self-determination of all peoples became prevalent in communist movements, especially in advocating freedom from colonial rule in the Third World. National liberation has been promoted by Marxists out of an international-socialist perspective rather than a bourgeois nationalist perspective.[1][2][3][4][5]

After the Russian Revolution, revolutionaries declared that all peoples had the right to self-determination. While communism is critical of nationalism, communists claimed that the cause of national liberation was not a matter of chauvinism, but a matter of radical democracy.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b Eagleton, Terry (2011). Why Marx Was Right. Yale University Press. p. 217.
  2. ^ Lenin, Vladimir. National Liberation, Socialism and Imperialism: Selected Writings.
  3. ^ Kalyvas, Stathis N.; Balcells, Laia (2010). "Did Marxism Make a Difference? Marxist Rebellions and National Liberation Movements". APSA 2010 Annual Meeting. Rochester, NY. SSRN 1642509.
  4. ^ Amel, Mahdi (2020-12-15). Arab Marxism and National Liberation: Selected Writings of Mahdi Amel. BRILL. ISBN 978-90-04-44424-9.
  5. ^ Christie, C. J. (July 2011). "Marxism and the History of the Nationalist Movements in Laos". Journal of Southeast Asian Studies. 10 (1): 146–158. doi:10.1017/S0022463400011899. ISSN 1474-0680. S2CID 155853716.