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In philosophy, the natural order is the moral source from which natural law seeks to derive its authority. Natural order encompasses the natural relations of beings to one another in the absence of law, which natural law attempts to reinforce. In contrast, divine law seeks authority from God, and positive law seeks authority from government.

The term is used by Hans-Hermann Hoppe in his book, Democracy: The God That Failed: The Economics and Politics of Monarchy, Democracy, and Natural Order, to defend anarcho-capitalism.[citation needed]

The term is used by Friedrich Hayek in his writings.[citation needed]

The Physiocrats, a group of 18th century Enlightenment French philosophers, thought there was a "natural order" that allowed human beings to live together. According to them it is an ideal order given to them by God, which allowed human beings to live together in an ideal society. The natural laws are the expression of the will of God. Men did not come together via a somewhat arbitrary "social contract."[1][better source needed] Rather, they had to discover the laws of the natural order that would allow individuals to live in society without losing significant freedoms.[2] The concept natural order of Physiocracy originated from "Way of Nature" of Chinese Taoism. The Chinese Taoism had believed that there can be good government only when a perfect harmony exists between the "Way of Man" (governmental institutions) and the "Way of Nature" (Physiocrats' natural order).[3]

See also


  1. ^ "Physical and Practical Ideas of Physiocrats (With Diagram)". 16 May 2016.
  2. ^ Rist, Charles; Gide, Charles (1915). A history of economic doctrines from the time of the physiocrats to the present day. D.C. Heath and Company.
  3. ^ Derk Bodde (2005), Chinese Ideas in the West p.6, Reprinted with permission in China: A Teaching Workbook, Asia for Educators, Columbia University