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Neijiang
内江市
Nei-chiang, Neikiang
Neijiang in 2012
Neijiang in 2012
Location of Neijiang in Sichuan
Location of Neijiang in Sichuan
Coordinates (Neijiang municipal government): 29°34′49″N 105°03′29″E / 29.5802°N 105.0580°E / 29.5802; 105.0580Coordinates: 29°34′49″N 105°03′29″E / 29.5802°N 105.0580°E / 29.5802; 105.0580
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceSichuan
Municipal seatShizhong District
Area
 • Prefecture-level city5,385.33 km2 (2,079.29 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,568.1 km2 (605.4 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,568.1 km2 (605.4 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city3,140,678
 • Density580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,179,140
 • Urban density750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,179,140
 • Metro density750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
641000
ISO 3166 codeCN-SC-10
Websitewww.neijiang.gov.cn

Neijiang (simplified Chinese: 内江; traditional Chinese: 內江; Sichuanese Pinyin: Nui4jiang1; Sichuanese pronunciation: [nuei˨˩˧tɕiaŋ˥]; pinyin: Nèijiāng; Wade–Giles: Nei-chiang) is a prefecture-level city in the southeast of Sichuan province, People's Republic of China. It is located on the Tuo River and is a transportation and food-processing center. The population of the entire prefecture was 3,140,678 at the 2020 census, and the population of the built-up (metro) area was 1,179,140 in the 2 urban districts of Shizhong and Dongxing.

History

Map including Neijiang (labeled as 內江 NEI-CHIANG (NEIKIANG)) (AMS, 1958)
Map including Neijiang (labeled as 內江 NEI-CHIANG (NEIKIANG)) (AMS, 1958)

In medieval times the locality was an important salt-producing area, but in recent times its name has been associated with the cultivation of sugarcane; it is commonly referred to as the sugar capital (甜城) of Sichuan. During the economic boom of China in the 1990s and early 21st century, Neijiang has been transformed and its industries now range from engineering, electronics, chemicals, construction materials, to consumer goods. It is also the home of Neijiang Normal College and many other educational institutions. Its geographic location puts it in the center of the southern Sichuan transport network. Neijiang is also the hometown of Zhang Daqian, one of the best-known and most prodigious Chinese artists of the twentieth century.

Administrative divisions

Map
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010)
Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Shizhong District 市中区 Shìzhōng Qū 501,285 388 1,292
2 Dongxing District 东兴区 Dōngxīng Qū 749,810 1,181 635
3 Longchang City 隆昌市 Lóngchāng Shì 633,210 794 797
4 Weiyuan County 威远县 Wēiyuǎn Xiàn 626,482 1,289 486
5 Zizhong County 资中县 Zīzhōng Xiàn 1,192,060 1,734 687

Climate

Climate data for Neijiang (Dongxing District, 1981−2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.6
(63.7)
23.9
(75.0)
31.9
(89.4)
34.6
(94.3)
36.6
(97.9)
38.0
(100.4)
38.8
(101.8)
40.5
(104.9)
39.1
(102.4)
32.4
(90.3)
25.0
(77.0)
17.8
(64.0)
40.5
(104.9)
Average high °C (°F) 9.9
(49.8)
13.6
(56.5)
18.6
(65.5)
23.3
(73.9)
27.3
(81.1)
28.5
(83.3)
32.0
(89.6)
31.1
(88.0)
27.6
(81.7)
21.4
(70.5)
16.7
(62.1)
11.2
(52.2)
21.8
(71.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.9
(44.4)
9.8
(49.6)
13.8
(56.8)
18.2
(64.8)
22.1
(71.8)
24.1
(75.4)
27.0
(80.6)
26.2
(79.2)
23.2
(73.8)
18.0
(64.4)
13.2
(55.8)
8.3
(46.9)
17.6
(63.6)
Average low °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
7.2
(45.0)
10.4
(50.7)
14.6
(58.3)
18.3
(64.9)
21.0
(69.8)
23.5
(74.3)
22.9
(73.2)
20.2
(68.4)
15.8
(60.4)
11.0
(51.8)
6.3
(43.3)
14.7
(58.4)
Record low °C (°F) −1.7
(28.9)
−0.8
(30.6)
1.4
(34.5)
5.9
(42.6)
11.1
(52.0)
15.6
(60.1)
17.4
(63.3)
16.8
(62.2)
14.6
(58.3)
8.5
(47.3)
0.8
(33.4)
−2.4
(27.7)
−2.4
(27.7)
Average relative humidity (%) 86 80 76 77 76 84 83 83 85 89 87 86 83
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center[2][3]

Transportation

Neijiang railway station is situated on the Chengdu–Chongqing railway and is the most central. The Neijiang–Kunming railway also starts here. Neijiang North railway station is situated on the Chengdu–Chongqing intercity railway and is served by high-speed trains.

References

  1. ^ "China: Sìchuān (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  2. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  3. ^ "57503: Neijiang (China)". ogimet.com. OGIMET. 3 August 2021. Retrieved 4 August 2021.