Neil deGrasse Tyson
Tyson in 2017
Born (1958-10-05) October 5, 1958 (age 65)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Alice Young
(m. 1988)
Scientific career
ThesisA Study of the Abundance Distributions Along the Minor Axis of the Galactic Bulge (1992)
Doctoral advisorR. Michael Rich
YouTube information
100,000 subscribers
1,000,000 subscribers2020

Neil deGrasse Tyson (US: /dəˈɡræs/ də-GRASS or UK: /dəˈɡrɑːs/ də-GRAHSS; born October 5, 1958) is an American astrophysicist, author, and science communicator. Tyson studied at Harvard University, the University of Texas at Austin, and Columbia University. From 1991 to 1994, he was a postdoctoral research associate at Princeton University. In 1994, he joined the Hayden Planetarium as a staff scientist and the Princeton faculty as a visiting research scientist and lecturer. In 1996, he became director of the planetarium and oversaw its $210 million reconstruction project, which was completed in 2000. Since 1996, he has been the director of the Hayden Planetarium at the Rose Center for Earth and Space in New York City. The center is part of the American Museum of Natural History, where Tyson founded the Department of Astrophysics in 1997 and has been a research associate in the department since 2003.

From 1995 to 2005, Tyson wrote monthly essays in the "Universe" column for Natural History magazine, some of which were later published in his books Death by Black Hole (2007) and Astrophysics for People in a Hurry (2017). During the same period, he wrote a monthly column in StarDate magazine, answering questions about the universe under the pen name "Merlin". Material from the column appeared in his books Merlin's Tour of the Universe (1998) and Just Visiting This Planet (1998). Tyson served on a 2001 government commission on the future of the U.S. aerospace industry and on the 2004 Moon, Mars and Beyond commission. He was awarded the NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal in the same year. From 2006 to 2011, he hosted the television show NOVA ScienceNow on PBS. Since 2009, Tyson has hosted the weekly podcast StarTalk. A spin-off, also called StarTalk, began airing on National Geographic in 2015. In 2014, he hosted the television series Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey, a successor to Carl Sagan's 1980 series Cosmos: A Personal Voyage.[1] The U.S. National Academy of Sciences awarded Tyson the Public Welfare Medal in 2015 for his "extraordinary role in exciting the public about the wonders of science".[2]

Early life and education

Tyson was born in Manhattan as the second of three children, into a Catholic family living in the Bronx.[3][4] His African-American father, Cyril deGrasse Tyson (1927–2016), was a sociologist and human resource commissioner for New York City mayor John Lindsay, and the first director of Harlem Youth Opportunities Unlimited.[5][6] His mother, Sunchita Maria Tyson (née Feliciano; 1928–2023), was a gerontologist for the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare and is of Puerto Rican descent.[7] Neil has two siblings: Stephen Joseph Tyson and Lynn Antipas Tyson.[5] Neil's middle name, deGrasse, is from the maiden name of his paternal grandmother, who was born as Altima de Grasse in the British West Indies island of Nevis.[8]

Neil deGrasse Tyson grew up in the Castle Hill neighborhood of the Bronx and then in Riverdale.[9] From kindergarten throughout high school, Tyson attended public schools in the Bronx: PS 36 Unionport, PS 81 Robert J. Christen, the Riverdale Kingsbridge Academy (MS 141), and graduated from The Bronx High School of Science in 1976 where he was captain of the wrestling team and editor-in-chief of the Physical Science Journal.[10][11] His interest in astronomy began at the age of nine after visiting the sky theater of the Hayden Planetarium.[12] He recalled that "so strong was that imprint [of the night sky] that I'm certain that I had no choice in the matter, that in fact, the universe called me."[13] During high school, Tyson attended astronomy courses offered by the Hayden Planetarium, which he called "the most formative period" of his life. He credited Mark Chartrand III, director of the planetarium at the time, as his "first intellectual role model" and his enthusiastic teaching style mixed with humor inspired Tyson to communicate the universe to others the way he did.[14]

When he was 14, he received a scholarship from the Explorers Club of New York to view the June 1973 total solar eclipse aboard the SS Canberra. The scientific cruise carried two thousand scientists, engineers, and enthusiasts, including Neil Armstrong, Scott Carpenter, and Isaac Asimov.[15]

Tyson obsessively studied astronomy in his teen years; he eventually even gained some fame in the astronomy community by giving lectures on the subject at the age of fifteen.[16] Astronomer Carl Sagan, who was a faculty member at Cornell University, tried to recruit Tyson to Cornell for undergraduate studies.[6] In his book, The Sky Is Not the Limit, Tyson wrote:

My letter of application had been dripping with an interest in the universe. The admission office, unbeknownst to me, had forwarded my application to Carl Sagan's attention. Within weeks, I received a personal letter...[17]

Tyson revisited this moment on his first episode of Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey. Pulling out a 1975 calendar belonging to the famous astronomer, he found the day Sagan invited the 17-year-old to spend a day in Ithaca. Sagan had offered to put him up for the night if his bus back to the Bronx did not come. Tyson said, "I already knew I wanted to become a scientist. But that afternoon, I learned from Carl the kind of person I wanted to become."[18][19]

Tyson chose to attend Harvard where he majored in physics and lived in Currier House. He was a member of the rowing team during his freshman year, but returned to wrestling, lettering (achieving varsity team rank) in his senior year. He was also active in dance (styles including jazz, ballet, Afro-Caribbean, and Latin Ballroom).[20]

Tyson hosting the 40th anniversary celebration of Apollo 11 at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, July 2009

Tyson earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in physics at Harvard College in 1980 and then began his graduate work at the University of Texas at Austin,[21] from which he received a Master of Arts degree in astronomy in 1983. By his own account, he did not spend as much time in the research lab as he should have. His professors encouraged him to consider alternative careers and the committee for his doctoral dissertation was dissolved, ending his pursuit of a doctorate from the University of Texas.[22]

Tyson was a lecturer in astronomy at the University of Maryland from 1986 to 1987[23] and in 1988, he was accepted into the astronomy graduate program at Columbia University, where he earned a Master of Philosophy degree in astrophysics in 1989, and a PhD degree in astrophysics in 1991[24] under the supervision of Professor R. Michael Rich. Rich obtained funding to support Tyson's doctoral research from NASA and the ARCS Foundation,[25] enabling Tyson to attend international meetings in Italy, Switzerland, Chile, and South Africa[23] and to hire students to help him with data reduction.[26] In the course of his thesis work, he observed using the 0.91 m telescope at the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory in Chile, where he obtained images for the Calán/Tololo Supernova Survey[27][28][29] helping to further their work in establishing Type Ia supernovae as standard candles.

During his thesis research at Columbia University, Tyson became acquainted with Professor David Spergel at Princeton University, who visited Columbia University in the course of collaborating with his thesis advisor on the Galactic bulge[30][31][32] typically found in spiral galaxies.


Tyson with students at the 2007 American Astronomical Society conference

Tyson's research has focused on observations in cosmology, stellar evolution, galactic astronomy, bulges, and stellar formation. He has held numerous positions at institutions including the University of Maryland, Princeton University, the American Museum of Natural History, and the Hayden Planetarium.

In 1994, Tyson joined the Hayden Planetarium as a staff scientist while he was a research affiliate in Princeton University. He became acting director of the planetarium in June 1995 and was appointed director in 1996.[33] As director, he oversaw the planetarium's $210 million reconstruction project, which was completed in 2000. Upon being asked for his thoughts on becoming director, Tyson said "when I was a kid... there were scientists and educators on the staff at the Hayden Planetarium... who invested their time and energy in my enlightenment... and I've never forgotten that... to end up back there as its director, I feel this deep sense of duty, that I serve in the same capacity for people who come through the facility today, that others served for me".[34]

Tyson has written a number of popular books on astrophysics. In 1995, he began to write the "Universe" column for Natural History magazine. In a column Tyson wrote for a special edition of the magazine, called "City of Stars", in 2002, he popularized the term "Manhattanhenge" to describe the two days annually on which the evening sun aligns with the street grid in Manhattan, making the sunset visible along unobstructed side streets. He had coined the term in 1996, inspired by how the phenomenon recalls the sun's solstice alignment with the Stonehenge monument in England.[35] Tyson's column also influenced his work as a professor with The Great Courses.[36]

In 2001, U.S. President George W. Bush appointed Tyson to serve on the Commission on the Future of the United States Aerospace Industry and in 2004 to serve on the President's Commission on Implementation of United States Space Exploration Policy, the latter better known as the "Moon, Mars, and Beyond" commission. Soon afterward, he was awarded the NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal, the highest civilian honor bestowed by NASA.[37]

Tyson in December 2011 at a conference marking 1,000 days after the launch of the spacecraft Kepler

In 2004, Tyson hosted the four-part Origins miniseries of the PBS Nova series[38] and with Donald Goldsmith, co-authored the companion volume for this series, Origins: Fourteen Billion Years Of Cosmic Evolution.[39] He again collaborated with Goldsmith as the narrator on the documentary 400 Years of the Telescope, which premiered on PBS in April 2009.[40]

As director of the Hayden Planetarium, Tyson bucked traditional thinking in order to keep Pluto from being referred to as the ninth planet in exhibits at the center. He has explained that he wanted to look at commonalities between objects, grouping the terrestrial planets together, the gas giants together, and Pluto with like objects, and to get away from simply counting the planets. He has stated on The Colbert Report, The Daily Show, and BBC Horizon that the decision has resulted in large amounts of hate mail, much of it from children.[41] In 2006, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) confirmed this assessment by changing Pluto to the dwarf planet classification.

Tyson recounted the heated online debate on the Cambridge Conference Network (CCNet), a "widely read, UK-based Internet chat group", following Benny Peiser's renewed call for reclassification of Pluto's status.[42] Peiser's entry, in which he posted articles from the AP and The Boston Globe, spawned from The New York Times's article entitled "Pluto's Not a Planet? Only in New York".[43][44]

Tyson has been vice-president, president, and chairman of the board of the Planetary Society. He was also the host of the PBS program Nova ScienceNow until 2011.[45] He attended and was a speaker at the Beyond Belief: Science, Religion, Reason and Survival symposium in November 2006.[46]

Tyson promoting the Cosmos TV series in Australia for National Geographic, 2014

In May 2009, Tyson launched a one-hour radio talk show called StarTalk, which he co-hosted with comedian Lynne Koplitz. The show was syndicated on Sunday afternoons on KTLK AM in Los Angeles and WHFS in Washington DC. The show lasted for thirteen weeks, but was resurrected in December 2010 and then, co-hosted with comedians Chuck Nice and Leighann Lord instead of Koplitz. Guests range from colleagues in science to celebrities such as GZA, Wil Wheaton, Sarah Silverman, and Bill Maher. The show is available via the Internet through a live stream or in the form of a podcast.[47]

In April 2011, Tyson was the keynote speaker at the 93rd International Convention of the Phi Theta Kappa International Honor Society of the Two-year School. He and James Randi delivered a lecture entitled Skepticism, which related directly with the convention's theme of The Democratization of Information: Power, Peril, and Promise.[48]

In 2012, Tyson announced that he would appear in a YouTube series based on his radio show StarTalk. A premiere date for the show has not been announced, but it will be distributed on the Nerdist YouTube Channel.[49] On February 28, 2014, Tyson was a celebrity guest at the White House Student Film Festival.[50]

In 2014, Tyson helped revive Carl Sagan's Cosmos: A Personal Voyage television series, presenting Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey on both FOX and the National Geographic Channel. Thirteen episodes were aired in the first season, and Tyson has said that if a second season were produced, he would pass the role of host to someone else in the science world.[51][52] On March 9, 2020, he returned with a follow-up season of Cosmos titled Cosmos: Possible Worlds.[53][54]

On April 20, 2015, Tyson began hosting a late-night talk show entitled StarTalk on the National Geographic Channel, where he interviews pop culture celebrities and asks them about their life experiences with science.[55] Around 2016, he was co-developing a sandbox video game with Whatnot Entertainment, Neil deGrasse Tyson Presents: Space Odyssey, which aimed to help provide players with a realistic simulation of developing a space-faring culture, incorporating educational materials about space and technology. The development was abandoned after April 2020.[56]


Spirituality and philosophy

[A] most important feature is the analysis of the information that comes your way. And that's what I don't see enough of in this world. There's a level of gullibility that leaves people susceptible to being taken advantage of. I see science literacy as kind of a vaccine against charlatans who would try to exploit your ignorance.

— Neil deGrasse Tyson, from a transcript of an interview by Roger Bingham on The Science Network[57][58]

Tyson has written and broadcast extensively about his views of science, spirituality, and the spirituality of science, including the essays "The Perimeter of Ignorance"[59] and "Holy Wars",[60] both appearing in Natural History magazine and the 2006 Beyond Belief workshop. In an interview with comedian Paul Mecurio, Tyson offered his definition of spirituality, "For me, when I say spiritual, I'm referring to a feeling you would have that connects you to the universe in a way that it may defy simple vocabulary. We think about the universe as an intellectual playground, which it surely is, but the moment you learn something that touches an emotion rather than just something intellectual, I would call that a spiritual encounter with the universe."[61] He has argued that many great historical scientists' belief in intelligent design limited their scientific inquiries, to the detriment of the advance of scientific knowledge.[60][62]

When asked during a question session at the University at Buffalo if he believed in a higher power, Tyson responded: "Every account of a higher power that I've seen described, of all religions that I've seen, include many statements with regard to the benevolence of that power. When I look at the universe and all the ways the universe wants to kill us, I find it hard to reconcile that with statements of beneficence."[63][64]: 341  In an interview with Big Think, he said: "So, what people are really after is what is my stance on religion or spirituality or God, and I would say if I find a word that came closest, it would be 'agnostic'... at the end of the day I'd rather not be any category at all."[65] Additionally, in the same interview with Big Think, Tyson mentioned that he edited Wikipedia's entry on him to include the fact that he is an agnostic:

I'm constantly claimed by atheists. I find this intriguing. In fact, on my Wiki page –I didn't create the Wiki page. Others did, and I'm flattered that people cared enough about my life to assemble it–and it said, "Neil deGrasse Tyson is an atheist." I said, "Well, that's not really true." I said, "Neil deGrasse Tyson is an agnostic." I went back a week later. It said, "Neil deGrasse Tyson is an atheist" again–within a week!–and I said, "What's up with that?" and I said, "All right, I have to word it a little differently." So I said, "Okay, Neil deGrasse Tyson, widely claimed by atheists, is actually an agnostic."[65]

During the interview "Called by the Universe: A Conversation with Neil deGrasse Tyson" in 2009, Tyson said: "I can't agree to the claims by atheists that I'm one of that community. I don't have the time, energy, interest of conducting myself that way... I'm not trying to convert people. I don't care."[66]

Tyson in conversation with Richard Dawkins at Howard University, 2010

In March 2014, philosopher and secularism proponent Massimo Pigliucci asked Tyson: "What is it you think about God?" Tyson replied: "I remain unconvinced by any claims anyone has ever made about the existence or the power of a divine force operating in the universe." Pigliucci then asked him why he expressed discomfort with the label "atheist" in his Big Think video. Tyson replied by reiterating his dislike for one-word labels, saying: "That's what adjectives are for. What kind of atheist are you? Are you an ardent atheist? Are you a passive atheist? An apathetic atheist? Do you rally, or do you just not even care? So I'd be on the 'I really don't care' side of that, if you had to find adjectives to put in front of the word 'atheist'."

Pigliucci contrasted Tyson with scientist Richard Dawkins: "[Dawkins] really does consider, at this point, himself to be an atheist activist. You very clearly made the point that you are not." Tyson replied: "I completely respect that activity. He's fulfilling a really important role out there."[67] Tyson has spoken about philosophy on numerous occasions. In March 2014, during an episode of The Nerdist Podcast, he said that philosophy is "useless" and that a philosophy major "can really mess you up",[68] which was met with disapproval.[69][70][71][72] Pigliucci, a philosopher, later criticized him for "dismiss[ing] philosophy as a useless enterprise".[73]

Race and social justice

In an undated interview at Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Tyson talked about being black and one of the most visible and well-known scientists in the world. He told a story about being interviewed about a plasma burst from the sun on a local Fox affiliate in 1989. "I'd never before in my life seen an interview with a black person on television for expertise that had nothing to do with being black. And at that point, I realized that one of the last stereotypes that prevailed among people who carry stereotypes is that, sort of, black people are somehow dumb. I wondered, maybe... that's a way to undermine this sort of, this stereotype that prevailed about who's smart and who's dumb. I said to myself, 'I just have to be visible, or others like me, in that situation.' That would have a greater force on society than anything else I could imagine."[74][75]

In 2005, at a conference at the National Academy of Sciences, Tyson responded to a question about whether genetic differences might keep women from working as scientists. He said that his goal to become an astrophysicist was "hands down the path of most resistance through the forces... of society... My life experience tells me, when you don't find blacks in the sciences, when you don't find women in the sciences, I know these forces are real and I had to survive them in order to get where I am today. So before we start talking about genetic differences, you gotta come up with a system where there's equal opportunity. Then we can start having that conversation."[76]

In a 2014 interview with Grantland, Tyson said that he related his experience on that 2005 panel in an effort to make the point that the scientific question about genetic differences can not be answered until the social barriers are dismantled. "I'm saying before you even have that conversation, you have to be really sure that access to opportunity has been level." In the same interview, Tyson said that race is not a part of the point he is trying to make in his career or with his life. According to Tyson, "[T]hat then becomes the point of people's understanding of me, rather than the astrophysics. So it's a failed educational step for that to be the case. If you end up being distracted by that and not [getting] the message." He purposefully no longer speaks publicly about race. "I don't give talks on it. I don't even give Black History Month talks. I decline every single one of them. In fact, since 1993, I've declined every interview that has my being black as a premise of the interview."[77]

Tyson has positively advocated for the freedoms of homosexual and transgender people and argued about the topic repeatedly against right-wing commentators.[78][79][80][81]


Tyson, Bill Nye, and U.S. President Barack Obama take a selfie at the White House, 2014.

Tyson is an advocate for expanding the operations of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Arguing that "the most powerful agency on the dreams of a nation is currently underfunded to do what it needs to be doing".[82] He has suggested that the general public has a tendency to overestimate how much revenue is allocated to the space agency. At a March 2010 address, referencing the proportion of tax revenue spent on NASA, he stated, "By the way, how much does NASA cost? It's a half a penny on the dollar. Did you know that? The people are saying, 'Why are we spending money up there...' I ask them, 'How much do you think we're spending?' They say 'five cents, ten cents on a dollar.' It's a half a penny."[82]

In March 2012, Tyson testified before the United States Senate Science Committee, stating that:

Right now, NASA's annual budget is half a penny on your tax dollar. For twice that—a penny on a dollar—we can transform the country from a sullen, dispirited nation, weary of economic struggle, to one where it has reclaimed its 20th century birthright to dream of tomorrow.[83][84]

Inspired by Tyson's advocacy and remarks, Penny4NASA, a campaign of the Space Advocates nonprofit[85] was founded in 2012 by John Zeller and advocates doubling NASA's budget to one percent of the federal budget.[86]

In his book Space Chronicles: Facing the Ultimate Frontier Tyson argues that large and ambitious space exploration projects, like getting humans to Mars, will probably require some sort of military or economic driver in order to get the appropriate funding from the United States federal government.[87]

Media appearances

Neil deGrasse Tyson was the keynote speaker at TAM6 of the JREF.

As a science communicator, Tyson regularly appears on television, radio, and various other media outlets. He has been a regular guest on The Colbert Report, and host Stephen Colbert refers to him in his comedic book I Am America (And So Can You!), noting in his chapter on scientists that most scientists are "decent, well-intentioned people", but presumably tongue-in-cheek, that "Neil DeGrasse [sic] Tyson is an absolute monster."[88]

He has appeared numerous times on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. He has made appearances on Late Night with Conan O'Brien, The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, Late Night with Jimmy Fallon, and The Rachel Maddow Show.[89] He served as one of the central interviewees on the various episodes of the History Channel science program, The Universe. Tyson participated on the NPR radio quiz program Wait Wait... Don't Tell Me! in 2007 and 2015.[90] He appeared several times on Real Time with Bill Maher and he was also featured on an episode of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? as the ask-the-expert lifeline.[91] He has spoken numerous times on the Philadelphia morning show, Preston and Steve, on 93.3 WMMR, as well as on SiriusXM's Ron and Fez and The Opie and Anthony Show.

Tyson has been featured as a podcast guest interviewee on The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe, Radiolab, Skepticality, and The Joe Rogan Experience, and he has he been in several of the Symphony of Science videos.[92][93] He lived near the World Trade Center and was an eyewitness to the September 11, 2001, attacks. He wrote a widely circulated letter on what he saw.[94] Footage he filmed on the day was included in the 2008 documentary film 102 Minutes That Changed America.[95]

In 2007, Tyson was the keynote speaker during the dedication ceremony of Deerfield Academy's new science center, the Koch Center in Massachusetts, named for David H. Koch '59. He emphasized the impact science will have on the twenty-first century, as well as explaining that investments into science may be costly, but their returns in the form of knowledge gained and piquing interest is invaluable. He has also appeared as the keynote speaker at The Amazing Meeting, a science and skepticism conference hosted by the James Randi Educational Foundation.[96]

Tyson made a guest appearance as a version of himself in the episode "Brain Storm" of Stargate Atlantis alongside Bill Nye and in the episode "The Apology Insufficiency" of The Big Bang Theory. Archive footage of him is used in the film Europa Report. Tyson also made an appearance in an episode of Martha Speaks as himself.[97]

2010 Space Conference group portrait (from left): Tyson, Bill Nye, Jim Bell, Scott Hubbard, and Lou Friedman

In a May 2011 StarTalk Radio show, The Political Science of the Daily Show, Tyson said he donates all income earned as a guest speaker.[98] he is a frequent participant in the website Reddit's AMAs (Ask Me Anythings) where he is responsible for three of the top ten most popular AMAs of all time.[99]

In Action Comics #14 (January 2013), which was published November 7, 2012, Tyson appears in the story, in which he determines that Superman's home planet, Krypton, orbited the red dwarf LHS 2520 in the constellation Corvus 27.1 lightyears from Earth. He assisted DC Comics in selecting a real-life star that would be an appropriate parent star to Krypton, and picked Corvus, which is Latin for "Crow",[100][101] and which is the mascot of Superman's high school, the Smallville Crows.[102][103] Tyson also had a minor appearance as himself in the 2016 film Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice.[104]

In May 2013, the Science Laureates of the United States Act of 2013 (H.R. 1891; 113th Congress) was introduced into Congress. Neil deGrasse Tyson was listed by at least two commentators as a possible nominee for the position of Science Laureate, if the act were to pass.[105][106] On March 8, 2014, Tyson made a SXSW Interactive keynote presentation at the Austin Convention Center.[107] On June 3, 2014, he co-reviewed Gravity in a CinemaSins episode.[108] He made two more appearances with CinemaSins, co-reviewing Interstellar on September 29, 2015,[109] and The Martian on March 31, 2016.[110]

In 2016, Tyson narrated and was a script supervisor for the science documentary Food Evolution, directed by Academy Award–nominated director Scott Hamilton Kennedy.[111] In the same year, Tyson made a guest appearance on the Avenged Sevenfold album The Stage, where he delivered a monolog on the track "Exist".[112] In 2017, Tyson appeared on Logic's album Everybody as God, uncredited on various tracks, and credited on the song "AfricAryaN"[113] as well as on "The Moon" on Musiq Soulchild's album Feel the Real.[114]

In 2018, Tyson made a second guest appearance on The Big Bang Theory as himself, together with fellow television personality Bill Nye, in the first episode of the show's final season ("The Conjugal Configuration").[115] He also had guest appearances in Gravity Falls, Brooklyn Nine-Nine, Zoolander 2, Ice Age: Collision Course, Family Guy, BoJack Horseman, The Simpsons, Salvation and Scooby-Doo and Guess Who?.

Personal life

Tyson lives in the Tribeca neighborhood[116] of Lower Manhattan with his wife, Alice Young. They have two children, Miranda and Travis.[117][118] Neil met his wife in a physics class at the University of Texas at Austin. They married in 1988 and named their first child Miranda after the smallest of Uranus' five major moons.[119] Neil deGrasseTyson is a wine enthusiast whose collection was featured in the May 2000 issue of the Wine Spectator and the Spring 2005 issue of The World of Fine Wine.[120][121]

Sexual misconduct allegations

During November and December 2018, Tyson was accused of rape by a woman while a further three women alleged inappropriate sexual advances.[122][123][124] Thchiya Amet El Maat accused Tyson of drugging and raping her while both were graduate students at UT Austin in 1984.[125] Katelyn Allers, a professor at Bucknell University, alleged Tyson touched her inappropriately at a 2009 American Astronomical Society gathering.[126][127] Ashley Watson, Tyson's assistant on Cosmos, alleged Tyson made inappropriate sexual advances to her in 2018 which led her to resign from the position days later.[126][127] In what Tyson described as a Native American handshake, he held her hand and looked her in the eye for ten seconds. When she left, he told her he wanted to hug her but would rather not in case he wanted more.[128] A fourth anonymous woman alleged Tyson made inappropriate comments to her during a 2010 holiday party at the American Museum of Natural History.[122] Tyson denied El Maat's rape accusation, while corroborating the basic facts around the situation of Allers and Watson's assertions, but claimed his actions were misinterpreted and apologized for any misunderstanding or offense.[129][130][131]

Fox, National Geographic, the Museum of Natural History, and the producers of Cosmos announced investigations, which Tyson said that he welcomed.[132] The National Geographic Channel announced on January 3, 2019, that they were putting further episodes of StarTalk on hiatus so as "to allow the investigation to occur unimpeded".[133][134] The premiere of Cosmos: Possible Worlds, initially scheduled for March 3, 2019, was also delayed while the investigation continued.[135] On March 15, 2019, both National Geographic and Fox announced, "The investigation is complete, and we are moving forward with both StarTalk and Cosmos," and that: "There will be no further comment." The networks affirmed that both StarTalk and Cosmos would resume, but that no date had been set.[136] In July, the American Museum of Natural History said that Neil deGrasse Tyson would keep his job as director of the Hayden Planetarium.[128]


List of awards received by Tyson:[121]



Honorary doctorates



Year Title Role Notes
2006–2011 Nova ScienceNow Host TV series
2010 NOVA Host Episode: "The Pluto Files"
2012 The Inexplicable Universe: Unsolved Mysteries Himself 6-part lecture series from The Great Courses[150]
2014 Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey Host Documentary
2015–2019 StarTalk Host TV series
2016 Food Evolution Narrator Documentary
2018 The Last Sharknado: It's About Time Merlin TV movie
2020 Cosmos: Possible Worlds Host Documentary

Other appearances

Year Title Role Notes
2008 Stargate: Atlantis Himself Episode: "Brain Storm"[151]
  • 2010;
  • 2018
The Big Bang Theory Himself 2 episodes:
"The Apology Insufficiency"
"The Conjugal Configuration"
2012 Martha Speaks Himself Episode: "Eyes on the Skies"
2014 Gravity Falls Waddles the pig Episode: "Little Gift Shop of Horrors"[152]
2015 Brooklyn Nine-Nine Himself Episode: "The Swedes"[153]
  • 2015;
  • 2022
Family Guy Himself 2 Episodes:
"Scammed Yankees"
"Prescription Heroine"
2016 Zoolander 2 Himself Comedy film
2016 Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice Himself Superhero film
2016 Lazer Team Himself Comedy film
2016 Ice Age: Collision Course Neil deBuck Weasel Animated movie[154]
2016 BoJack Horseman Planetarium narrator Episode: "That's Too Much, Man!"
2016 100 Things to Do Before High School Himself Episode: "Meet Your Idol Thing!"
2016 Future-Worm! Himself Episode: "Long Live Captain Cakerz!"
2016 The Jim Gaffigan Show Himself Episode: "Jim at the Museum"
2016 Regular Show Himself Episode: "Terror Tales of The Park VI"
2016 Mars Himself Mini TV series
2017 The Simpsons Himself Episode: "Caper Chase"
2017 Futurama: Worlds of Tomorrow Himself Mobile app game
2017 Super Science Friends Himself Web series; Episode 3
2019 Scooby-Doo and Guess Who? Himself
2024 This Is Me... Now: A Love Story Taurus [155]


List of non-single guest appearances, with other performing artists, showing year released and album name
Title Year Artist(s) Album
"Exist"[156] 2016 Avenged Sevenfold The Stage
"AfricAryaN"[157][158][159] 2017 Logic Everybody


List of works by Tyson:[160]


Signing a copy of his book Origins at The Amazing Meeting by the James Randi Educational Foundation, 2008

Research publications


  1. ^ "Cosmos – A Spacetime Odyssey". Fox. Archived from the original on May 10, 2020. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  2. ^ "Neil deGrasse Tyson to Receive Public Welfare Medal – Academy's Most Prestigious Award". National Academy of Sciences. February 26, 2015. Archived from the original on March 1, 2015. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
  3. ^ "Neil deGrasse Tyson - Christianity and the Cosmos". Almost Heretical. June 14, 2023. Archived from the original on June 14, 2023. Retrieved June 22, 2023.
  4. ^ "Neil deGrasse Tyson – Called by the Universe". The Science Foundation. January 1, 2011. Retrieved February 9, 2012 – via YouTube.
  5. ^ a b Fried, Joseph P. (December 30, 2016). "Cyril D. Tyson Dies at 89; Fought Poverty in a Turbulent Era". The New York Times. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  6. ^ a b Whitaker, C. (August 2000). "Super Stargazer". Ebony. Vol. 55, no. 10. p. 60.
  7. ^ Bried, Erin. "Sunchita Tyson". How to Rock Your Baby and other timeless tips for modern moms. Hyperion. Archived from the original on March 20, 2014. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
  8. ^ Farmer, Vernon L.; Shepherd-Wynn, Evelyn (2012). Voices of Historical and Contemporary Black American Pioneers. New York City: ABC-CLIO. p. 304. ISBN 9780313392245.
  9. ^ Larry King Now: Neil deGrasse Tyson on Climate Change, the Afterlife, and Elon Musk. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
  10. ^ SiriusXM (March 6, 2014). "Opie & Anthony: Neil deGrasse Tyson Neil deGrasse Tyson ft. Rich Vos & Bob Kelly". YouTube. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  11. ^ Farmer & Shepherd-Wynn 2012, p. 319.
  12. ^ Farmer & Shepherd-Wynn 2012, p. 300.
  13. ^ "Stephen Colbert Interviews Neil deGrasse Tyson at Montclair Kimberley Academy". YouTube. January 29, 2010.
  14. ^ Farmer & Shepherd-Wynn 2012, p. 309.
  15. ^ DeGrasse Tyson, Neil (May 1, 2004). The Sky is Not the Limit. Prometheus Books. pp. 31–32. ISBN 9781616141202.
  16. ^ "Dr. Neil deGrasse Tyson – The Prodigy Astronomer". February 15, 2013. Archived from the original on December 16, 2013. Retrieved May 27, 2013.
  17. ^ Tyson, Neil deGrasse (2004). The Sky Is Not the Limit: Adventures of an Urban Astrophysicist. Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books. p. 43. ISBN 978-1591021889.
  18. ^ "Standing Up in the Milky Way". Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey. Season 1. Episode 1. March 9, 2014. National Geographic Channel, FX, Fox Life, et al.
  19. ^ Overbye, Dennis (March 3, 2014). "A Successor to Sagan Reboots 'Cosmos'". New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
  20. ^ "Black News and News Makers in History: Dr. Neil deGrasse Tyson". The Pasadena/San Gabriel Valley Journal. Pasadena, California: Digital First Media. September 28, 2010. Archived from the original on December 13, 2013. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
  21. ^ "Star Power". The Alcalde. February 28, 2012. Retrieved August 30, 2017.
  22. ^ Cahalan, Rose (February 28, 2012). "Star Power". The Alcalde. Retrieved March 1, 2014.
  23. ^ a b "Curriculum vitae". Archived from the original on January 1, 2012. Retrieved October 29, 2010.
  24. ^ Tyson, N.D. (1992). A study of the abundance distributions along the minor axis of the Galactic bulge (PhD thesis). Columbia University. Bibcode:1992PhDT.........1T.
  25. ^ "5000 Alumni at work in the US". Archived from the original on May 3, 2015.
  26. ^ Tyson, N.D.; Gal, R.R. (1996). "An exposure guide for taking twilight flatfields with large format CCDs". The Astronomical Journal. 105 (3): 1206. Bibcode:1993AJ....105.1206T. CiteSeerX doi:10.1086/116505.
  27. ^ Wells, L.A.; et al. (1994). "The Type IA supernova 1989B in NGC 3627 (M66)". The Astronomical Journal. 108 (6): 2233. Bibcode:1994AJ....108.2233W. doi:10.1086/117236.
  28. ^ Hamuy, M.; et al. (1996). "BVRI Light Curves for 29 Type IA Supernovae". The Astronomical Journal. 112 (6): 2408. arXiv:astro-ph/9609064. Bibcode:1996AJ....112.2408H. doi:10.1086/118192. S2CID 119520520.
  29. ^ Lira, P.; et al. (1998). "Optical light curves of the Type IA supernovae SN 1990N and 1991T". The Astronomical Journal. 115 (1): 234. arXiv:astro-ph/9709262. Bibcode:1998AJ....115..234L. doi:10.1086/300175. S2CID 119371591.
  30. ^ Zhao, H.-S.; Spergel, D.N.; Rich, R.M. (1994). "Signatures of bulge triaxiality from kinematics in Baade's window". The Astronomical Journal. 108: 2154. arXiv:astro-ph/9409024. Bibcode:1994AJ....108.2154Z. doi:10.1086/117227. S2CID 119495258.
  31. ^ Zhao, H.-S.; Spergel, D.N.; Rich, R.M. (1995). "Microlensing by the Galactic Bar". The Astrophysical Journal. 440 (1995): 13. arXiv:astro-ph/9409022. Bibcode:1995ApJ...440L..13Z. doi:10.1086/187749. S2CID 73543151.
  32. ^ Zhao, H.-S.; Rich, R.M.; Spergel, D.N. (1996). "A consistent microlensing model for the Galactic bar". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 282 (1): 175. arXiv:astro-ph/9512065. Bibcode:1996MNRAS.282..175Z. CiteSeerX doi:10.1093/mnras/282.1.175. S2CID 118866594.
  33. ^ "Powerplay: On the Move". Black Enterprise 27 (1): 58. August 1996.
  34. ^ deGrasse Tyson, Neil (August 17, 2006). "Neil deGrasse Tyson – The Sky Is Not the Limit". Point of Inquiry. Archived from the original on February 25, 2015. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  35. ^ "Sun to strike New York streets in 'Manhattanhenge'". The Telegraph. July 11, 2011. Archived from the original on January 11, 2022.
  36. ^ "Neil deGrasse Tyson". The Great Courses. Archived from the original on March 20, 2013. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
  37. ^ American Museum of Natural History. "American Museum of Natural History". Archived from the original on October 22, 2014.
  38. ^ WGBH Educational Foundation (2004). "NOVA – Origins". Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved June 7, 2009.
  39. ^ Tyson, Neil deGrasse; Goldsmith, Donald (2004). Origins: Fourteen Billion Years of Cosmic Evolution. New York: W.W. Norton & Co. ISBN 978-0-393-05992-2.
  40. ^ "400 Years of the Telescope – A Journey of Science, Technology and Thought".
  41. ^ The Colbert Report, August 17, 2006.
  42. ^ Tyson, Neil deGrasse (January 19, 2008). The Pluto Files: The Rise and Fall of America's Favorite Planet. W.W. Norton & Company. p. 194. ISBN 9780393065206.
  43. ^ Change, Kenneth (January 22, 2001). "Pluto's Not a Planet? Only in New York". The New York Times.
  44. ^ Peiser, Benny (January 31, 2001). "CCNet Special: Renewed Call for Reclassification of Pluto's Status". CCNet.
  45. ^ "NOVA – scienceNOW". Public Broadcasting Service (PBS). Retrieved June 7, 2009.
  46. ^ Johnson, George (November 21, 2006). "A Free-for-All on Science and Religion". The New York Times. Retrieved June 20, 2024.
  47. ^ "StarTalk Radio Show". Retrieved May 30, 2011.
  48. ^ Phi Theta Kappa Honors Seminar Series, Austing Community College, retrieved February 26, 2013
  49. ^ Nerdist Channel Sneak Peek (March 27, 2012) from YouTube
  50. ^ Boyle, Alan (February 28, 2014). "Students Are Stars at White House Film Festival". NBC News. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
  51. ^ Gannon, Megan. "Inside 'Cosmos': Q&A with Host Neil deGrasse Tyson". Retrieved May 17, 2015.
  52. ^ "Neil deGrasse Tyson opts out of Cosmos season 2". The Express Tribune. November 23, 2014. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
  53. ^ Otterson, Joe (January 13, 2018). "'Cosmos' to Return for Second Season on National Geographic and Fox". Variety. Archived from the original on December 7, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  54. ^ Pyle, Rod (March 10, 2020). "'Cosmos: Possible Worlds' episode 1 takes viewers on a wild ride with the Ship of Imagination". Retrieved July 14, 2023.
  55. ^ Berenson, Tessa. "Neil deGrasse Tyson Is Getting His Own Talk Show". Time. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  56. ^ Gaudiosi, John (October 2, 2016). "Expand Your Universe with Neil deGrasse Tyson's New Video Game". Digital Trends. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  57. ^ "TSN: Called by the Universe". Retrieved August 26, 2012.
  58. ^ "Called by the Universe". Retrieved August 26, 2012.
  59. ^ The Perimeter of Ignorance Archived September 6, 2018, at the Wayback Machine from Tyson's website
  60. ^ a b "Holy Wars".
  61. ^ Mecurio, Paul. "Neil deGrasse Tyson". The Paul Mecurio Show. Alive and Social. Retrieved March 2, 2015.
  62. ^ Tyson, Neil deGrasse. "The Perimeter of Ignorance". Archived from the original on September 6, 2018. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
  63. ^ "Neil deGrasse Tyson at UB: God and Science". University at Buffalo YouTube channel. April 9, 2010. Quote starts at ~55 seconds. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
  64. ^ Dale McGowan Atheism For Dummies; ISBN 978-1118509203
  65. ^ a b Tyson, Neil deGrasse. "Neil explains his views on youtube". Big Think on YouTube. Retrieved June 15, 2012.
  66. ^ "TSN: Called by the Universe". The Science Network.
  67. ^ Tyson, Neil deGrasse (March 9, 2014). "Interview with Massimo Pigliucci and Julia Galef". Rationally Speaking podcast. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
  68. ^ Levine, Katie (March 7, 2014). "Nerdist Podcast: Neil deGrasse Tyson Returns Again". The Nerdist Podcast. Archived from the original on April 11, 2015. Retrieved April 23, 2015.
  69. ^ Wall, James Kirk (June 29, 2014). "Dear Neil deGrasse Tyson, don't be foolish about philosophy". Chicago Now. Archived from the original on August 6, 2014. Retrieved April 23, 2015.
  70. ^ Dvorsky, George (May 12, 2014). "Neil deGrasse Tyson Slammed For Dismissing Philosophy As 'Useless'". io9. Archived from the original on March 28, 2015. Retrieved April 23, 2015.
  71. ^ Neumann, Steve (June 7, 2015). "The one thing Neil deGrasse Tyson got wrong". Salon. Archived from the original on March 26, 2015. Retrieved April 23, 2015.
  72. ^ Linker, Damon (May 6, 2014). "Why Neil deGrasse Tyson is a philistine". The Week. Archived from the original on April 16, 2015. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
  73. ^ Pigliucci, Massimo (May 16, 2014). "Neil deGrasse Tyson and the Value of Philosophy". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on April 21, 2015. Retrieved April 23, 2015.
  74. ^ A Story About Race – Neil deGrasse Tyson. YouTube. March 1, 2013.
  75. ^ "Pursuing a Science Career". Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  76. ^ National Academy of Sciences conference, YouTube accessed October 31, 2014.
  77. ^ Rembert Browne (June 9, 2014). "A Conversation With Neil deGrasse Tyson About 'Cosmos,' Race, and Celebrity". Grantland.
  78. ^ The Ben Shapiro Show "Sunday Special" Ep. 72 "Neil deGrasse Tyson" uploaded on YouTube on October 13, 2019 (excerpt reuploaded on July 18, 2021).
  79. ^ ""Split People By Categories, Not Gender!" Neil deGrasse Tyson on Transgender Athletes" on the Piers Morgan Uncensored YouTube channel on October 4, 2022.
  80. ^ "Konstantin Kisin & Neil deGrasse Tyson CLASH Over Trans Debate" on the Triggernometry YouTube channel on September 23, 2023.
  81. ^ "Neil deGrasse Tyson" on the Club Random Podcast YouTube channel on November 5, 2023 (excerpt reuploaded on November 16, 2023).
  82. ^ a b "Neil deGrasse Tyson at UB: What NASA Means to America's Future". University at Buffalo Communications. April 2, 2010. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
  83. ^ "Past, Present, and Future of NASA – U.S. Senate Testimony". Hayden Planetarium. March 7, 2012. Retrieved December 4, 2012.
  84. ^ "Past, Present, and Future of NASA – U.S. Senate Testimony (Video)". Hayden Planetarium. March 7, 2012. Retrieved December 4, 2012.
  85. ^ "About Us – Space Advocates". Space Advocates. Retrieved February 5, 2014.
  86. ^ "Why We Fight". Penny4NASA. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
  87. ^ Heller, Chris (March 5, 2012). "Neil deGrasse Tyson: How Space Exploration Can Make America Great Again". The Atlantic. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
  88. ^ Colbert, Stephen (2007). I Am America (And So Can You!). New York: Grand Central Publishing Hachette Book Group USA. ISBN 978-0-446-58050-2.
  89. ^ "Watch | Neil deGrasse Tyson". Archived from the original on November 9, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
  90. ^ "Wait Wait...Don't Tell Me! : NPR". October 24, 2015.
  91. ^ "Episode 201 guest stars". HBO. Archived from the original on October 20, 2011. Retrieved August 5, 2011.
  92. ^ "Episode: A Theory of Everything? Podcast". PodcastDirectory. Archived from the original on February 6, 2012. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
  93. ^ "Episode: Proving String Theory Podcast". PodcastDirectory. Archived from the original on February 6, 2012. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
  94. ^ "The Horror, The Horror" from Tyson's website
  95. ^ 102 Minutes That Changed America (2008; TV) – Credits
  96. ^ Neil deGrasse Tyson, Keynote Speech at TAM 6 on Adventures in Science Illiteracy or Brain Droppings of a Skeptic on YouTube uploaded by User ChristopherHitchslap
  97. ^ Amanda Kondolojy, "Popular Astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson Guest Stars in Brand-New 'Martha Speaks' Episode",, June 7, 2012.
  98. ^ "The Political Science of the Daily Show Podcast". PodcastDirectory. Retrieved May 23, 2011.
  99. ^ Holiday, Ryan (May 1, 2012). "Inside the Reddit AMA: The Interview Revolution That Has Everyone Talking". Forbes. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  100. ^ Wall, Mike (November 7, 2012). "Superman's Home Planet Krypton 'Found'". Scientific American
  101. ^ Potter, Ned (November 5, 2012). "Superman Home: Planet Krypton 'Found' in Sky",; accessed October 31, 2014.
  102. ^ Gregorian, Dareh (November 5, 2012). "NYER is 'super' smart", New York Post; accessed October 31, 2014.
  103. ^ Castle, Alice W. (November 5, 2012). "Neil deGrasse Tyson Consults on 'Action Comics' #14, Finds Krypton in Real Life". Multiversity Comics. Archived from the original on June 30, 2013. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
  104. ^ Simon, Rachel (March 24, 2016). "The 11 Biggest Cameos In 'Batman v Superman'". Bustle. Archived from the original on August 29, 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  105. ^ Marlow, Jeffrey (May 9, 2013). "The Science Laureate of the United States". Wired Magazine. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  106. ^ raatz (May 8, 2013). "I nominated Neil deGrasse Tyson as U.S. Science Laureate". The Daily Kos. Retrieved September 11, 2013.
  107. ^ Gallaga, Omar (March 8, 2014). "SXSW Keynote: A Conversation with Dr. Neil deGrasse Tyson". Austin360. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 9, 2014.
  108. ^ "Everything Wrong With Gravity – With Neil deGrasse Tyson". YouTube.
  109. ^ "Everything Wrong With Interstellar – With Dr. Neil deGrasse Tyson". YouTube.
  110. ^ "Everything Wrong With The Martian – With Dr. Neil deGrasse Tyson". YouTube.
  111. ^ Turan, Kenneth (June 29, 2017). "Documentary 'Food Evolution' turns to reason to discuss GMO controversy". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
  112. ^ "How Avenged Sevenfold wrote Exist", YouTube, Metal Hammer, December 8, 2016, retrieved August 11, 2017
  113. ^ Sargent, Jordan (April 11, 2017). "Logic's Album, Which Features Neil deGrasse Tyson and Ansel Elgort, Seems Interesting?". Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
  114. ^ "Musiq Soulchild Wants To 'Feel The Real' On Eighth Album". Complex Music. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
  115. ^ Hein, Michael (September 24, 2018). "'Big Bang Theory' Welcomes Bill Nye, Neil deGrasse Tyson in Season Premiere". Popculture. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
  116. ^ Louie, Elaine. "POSSESSED; Stars In His Eyes Over A Pen", The New York Times, March 9, 2003. Accessed April 30, 2017. "Neil de Grasse Tyson, an astrophysicist and the Frederick P. Rose director of the Hayden Planetarium, is a big guy. He stands 6-foot-2 and has hands that can palm a basketball. He speaks in a booming baritone. In his TriBeCa loft, he ambles around a space with 14-foot ceilings."
  117. ^ "Profile on Official Tyson website". Archived from the original on November 14, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
  118. ^ "Dr Neil DeGrasse Tyson – TAM6". Vimeo. March 4, 2011.
  119. ^ Rogers, Patrick (February 28, 2000). "Night Vision". People. New York City: Meredith Corporation. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
  120. ^ "The Hayden Planetarium's Neil deGrasse Tyson takes a stellar stance on wine". Wine Spectator. New York City: M. Shanken Communications. May 31, 2000. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
  121. ^ a b "Curriculum Vitae Archived January 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine". Hayden Planetarium (2015). Retrieved October 28, 2015.
  122. ^ a b Ghorayshi, Azeen (December 5, 2018). "Nobody Believed Neil deGrasse Tyson's First Accuser. Now There Are Three More". BuzzFeed News. New York City: Buzzfeed Entertainment Group.
  123. ^ McAfee, David G. (November 8, 2018). "Exclusive: Neil deGrasse Tyson's Rape Accuser Gives First Public Interview". Archived from the original on November 30, 2018.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  124. ^ McAfee, David G. (November 29, 2018). "Two More Women Accuse Neil deGrasse Tyson of Sexual Misconduct". Archived from the original on November 30, 2018.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  125. ^ North, Anna (December 6, 2018). "The sexual misconduct allegations against Neil deGrasse Tyson, explained". Vox. New York City: Cox Media. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  126. ^ a b Harris, Elizabeth A. (December 1, 2018). "Neil deGrasse Tyson Denies Misconduct Accusations". The New York Times. New York City. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  127. ^ a b Kaplan, Sarah; Guarino, Ben (December 1, 2018). "Neil deGrasse Tyson under investigation after accusations of sexual misconduct". The Washington Post. Washington, DC: Nash Holdings LLC. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  128. ^ a b Harris, Elizabeth (July 26, 2019). "After Investigation, Neil deGrasse Tyson Will Keep His Job". The New York Times. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  129. ^ Cadenas, Kerensa (December 1, 2018). "Neil deGrasse Tyson Denies Sexual Misconduct [Updated]". Vanity Fair. New York City: Condé Nast. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  130. ^ Pal, Shannon (December 4, 2018). "Neil deGrasse Tyson's Response to Allegations of Sexual Assault Is Self-Defeating". Slate Magazine. San Francisco, California: The Slate Group. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  131. ^ deGrasse Tyson, Neil (December 1, 2018). "On Being Accused". Archived from the original on December 1, 2018.
  132. ^ Chavez, Nicole (December 2, 2018). "Neil deGrasse Tyson denies sexual misconduct claims". CNN. Retrieved October 12, 2019.
  133. ^ "Nat Geo Pulls Neil deGrasse Tyson's 'StarTalk' amid Misconduct Allegations". Variety. Los Angeles, Angeles: Penske Media Corporation. January 3, 2019. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  134. ^ Harris, Elizabeth A. (January 3, 2019). "Neil deGrasse Tyson's Show Is Pulled Amid Misconduct Allegations". The New York Times. New York City. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  135. ^ Otterson, Joe (February 15, 2019). "'Cosmos' Season 2 to Miss March Premiere Date as Neil deGrasse Tyson Investigation Continues". Variety. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
  136. ^ Porter, Rick (March 15, 2019). "Neil deGrasse Tyson Cleared to Return to TV by Fox, Nat Geo". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  137. ^ "Assorted Honors". Hayden Planetarium. Archived from the original on January 11, 2010.
  138. ^ Dunlap Prize
  139. ^ "Feb 26, 2015: Neil deGrasse Tyson to Receive Public Welfare Medal". Archived from the original on March 1, 2015.
  140. ^ "High Honors". National Geographic. Vol. 232, no. 1. July 2017. p. 152.
  141. ^ Weitering, Hanneke (June 7, 2017). "Neil deGrasse Tyson Becomes 1st American to Receive Stephen Hawking Medal". Retrieved March 5, 2021.
  142. ^ Rodman, Sarah (November 28, 2017). "Carrie Fisher Nets Grammy Nod in Spoken-Word Category, Faces Off with Springsteen and Bernie Sanders". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  143. ^ "Neil De Grasse Tyson: Sexiest Astrophysicist". People Magazine. Vol. 54, no. 20. November 13, 2000. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
  144. ^ "50 Of the Most Inspiring African Americans" (ed. Patricia Hinds), 2002, Essence Books (New York), p. 145.
  145. ^ Lemonick, Michael D. (May 3, 2007). "Neil deGrasse Tyson". The Time 100. Archived from the original on May 5, 2007. Retrieved June 7, 2009.
  146. ^ Kruglinski, Susan; Long, Marion (November 26, 2008). "The 10 Most Influential People in Science". Discover magazine. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
  147. ^ "APS Fellow Archive".
  148. ^ "Indirana tysoni Dahanukar, Modak, Krutha, Nameer, Padhye & Molur, 2016". Retrieved July 30, 2021.
  149. ^ Neelesh Dahanukar; Nikhil Modak; Keerthi Krutha; P. O. Nameer; Anand D. Padhye; Sanjay Molur (September 15, 2016). "Leaping frogs (Anura: Ranixalidae) of the Western Ghats of India: An integrated taxonomic review". Journal of Threatened Taxa. 8 (10): 9221. doi:10.11609/JOTT.2532.8.10.9221-9288. ISSN 0974-7893. Wikidata Q57537786.
  150. ^ "The Inexplicable Universe: Unsolved Mysteries". Retrieved March 12, 2014.
  151. ^ "Neil deGrasse Tyson". IMDb. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  152. ^ Joseph C. Lin (September 26, 2014). "First Look Of Neil deGrasse Tyson Voicing A Pig In Gravity Falls".
  153. ^ Kimberly, Truong (November 20, 2015). "Neil deGrasse Tyson will tutor Chelsea Peretti on 'Brooklyn Nine-Nine". Mashable. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
  154. ^ Snetiker, Marc (June 9, 2016). "Ice Age 5: Neil deGrasse Tyson in 'Collision Course' first look".
  155. ^ Vineyard, Jennifer (February 16, 2024), "Movie? Music Video? Documentary? Explaining Jennifer Lopez's New Project.", The New York Times, ISSN 0362-4331, retrieved February 18, 2024
  156. ^ Epstein, Dan (October 28, 2016). "Avenged Sevenfold Talk Wild New AI-Themed LP, Neil deGrasse Tyson Cameo". RollingStone. Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on March 18, 2017.
  157. ^ Hernandez, Victoria (April 10, 2017). "Logic Releases "Everybody" Album Tracklist With Array Of Guest Features". HIPHOPDX. Archived from the original on April 13, 2017.
  158. ^ Berry, Peter A. (April 11, 2017). "Here's the Tracklist for Logic's New Album 'Everybody'". XXL. Archived from the original on April 13, 2017.
  159. ^ Renshaw, David (April 11, 2017). "Logic Has Recruited Juicy J, Khalid, And Neil deGrasse Tyson For His New Album". Fader. The Fader. Archived from the original on April 13, 2017.
  160. ^ "Curriculum Vitae Archived January 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine,; retrieved May 16, 2014.