Nenjiang
嫩江市
Mergen; Nunkiang
Nenjiang in Heihe
Nenjiang in Heihe
Heihe in Heilongjiang
Heihe in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 49°07′N 125°08′E / 49.11°N 125.13°E / 49.11; 125.13Coordinates: 49°07′N 125°08′E / 49.11°N 125.13°E / 49.11; 125.13
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHeilongjiang
Prefecture-level cityHeihe
City seatNenjiang Town
Area
 • Total15,360 km2 (5,930 sq mi)
Elevation
230 m (750 ft)
Population
 • Total500,000
 • Density33/km2 (84/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
161400
Area code(s)0456

Nenjiang City (Chinese: 嫩江市; pinyin: Nènjiāng shì), formerly Nenjiang County, is a county-level city under the administration of Heihe prefecture-level city in northwestern Heilongjiang province, China. It is located on the river of the same name (Nen River), which also forms part of the provincial border with Inner Mongolia, more than 200 kilometres (120 mi) southwest of the urban area of Heihe. The city seat is Nenjiang Town. Land area 15,360 square kilometres (5,930 sq mi), population 500,000.

History

Nenjiang (also known as Mergen at the time) was the capital (seat of the Military Governor) of Heilongjiang Province in 1690–1699.[1]

Geography and climate

Map including part of northern Nenjiang (AMS, 1951)
Map including part of northern Nenjiang (AMS, 1951)

Nenjiang has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwb), with long, harsh, but dry winters, and short, very warm summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −23.3 °C (−9.9 °F) in January to 21.1 °C (70.0 °F) in July; the year averages out at only 0.85 °C (33.5 °F). Around 80% of the annual precipitation occurs from June to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 53% in July to 74% in February, sunshine is generous year-round, totalling 2,726 hours annually.

Climate data for Nenjiang County (1981−2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −16.7
(1.9)
−10.5
(13.1)
−0.8
(30.6)
11.2
(52.2)
19.9
(67.8)
25.5
(77.9)
26.6
(79.9)
24.6
(76.3)
18.8
(65.8)
9.1
(48.4)
−4.8
(23.4)
−15.0
(5.0)
7.3
(45.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −23.3
(−9.9)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−7.6
(18.3)
4.5
(40.1)
12.8
(55.0)
19.1
(66.4)
21.1
(70.0)
18.8
(65.8)
12.0
(53.6)
2.8
(37.0)
−10.7
(12.7)
−20.9
(−5.6)
0.9
(33.5)
Average low °C (°F) −29.2
(−20.6)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−14.7
(5.5)
−2.3
(27.9)
5.2
(41.4)
12.4
(54.3)
15.9
(60.6)
13.5
(56.3)
5.9
(42.6)
−3.1
(26.4)
−16.4
(2.5)
−26.5
(−15.7)
−5.4
(22.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.8
(0.15)
2.4
(0.09)
5.4
(0.21)
21.9
(0.86)
35.0
(1.38)
76.4
(3.01)
133.2
(5.24)
115.0
(4.53)
55.0
(2.17)
22.0
(0.87)
6.6
(0.26)
5.6
(0.22)
482.3
(18.99)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.4 4.1 4.6 7.5 8.3 13.2 14.3 13.1 9.8 6.8 5.5 7.3 100.9
Average relative humidity (%) 71 69 59 51 48 63 77 79 69 60 66 72 65
Mean monthly sunshine hours 179.3 209.1 257.5 239.4 281.9 279.0 258.6 257.5 225.2 208.1 175.0 155.3 2,725.9
Percent possible sunshine 67 74 70 59 60 58 53 58 60 62 64 61 62
Source: China Meteorological Administration (precipitation days and sunshine 1971–2000)[2][3]

Administrative divisions

Nenjiang City is divided into 9 towns and 5 townships.[4]

9 towns
5 townships

References

  1. ^ Edmonds, Richard Louis (1985). Northern Frontiers of Qing China and Tokugawa Japan: A Comparative Study of Frontier Policy. University of Chicago, Department of Geography; Research Paper No. 213. pp. 115–117. ISBN 0-89065-118-3.
  2. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  3. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2010-05-25.
  4. ^ "国家统计局" (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2021-12-07.