In art, neorealism refers to a few movements.

In literature

Portuguese neorealism was a Marxist literary movement that began slightly before Salazar's reign. It was mostly in line with socialist realism.

In Italy, neorealism was a movement that emerged in the end of 1920s and started rapidly developing after World War II. It was represented by such authors as Alberto Moravia, Ignazio Silone, Elio Vittorini, Carlo Levi, Vasco Pratolini and the others.

In painting

Neo-realism in painting was established by the ex-Camden Town Group painters Charles Ginner and Harold Gilman at the beginning of World War I. They set out to explore the spirit of their age through the shapes and colours of daily life. Their intentions were proclaimed in Ginner's manifesto in New Age (1 January 1914), which was also used as the preface to Gilman and Ginner's two-man exhibition of that year. It attacked the academic and warned against the ‘decorative’ aspect of imitators of Post-Impressionism. The best examples of neorealist work is that produced by these two artists; Howard Kanovitz and also Robert Bevan. For Robert Bevan he joined Cumberland Market Group in 1914.[1]

Artists

In cinema

Further information: Italian neorealism

See also: French New Wave, Japanese New Wave, and Parallel Cinema

Neorealism is characterized by a general atmosphere of authenticity. André Bazin, a French film theorist and critic, argued that neorealism portrays: truth, naturalness, authenticity, and is a cinema of duration. The necessary characteristics of neo-realism in film include:[5]

Films

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Precursors

Italian

Other countries

See also

References

  1. ^ A Countryman in Town. Robert Bevan and The Cumberland Market Group. Exhibition catalogue. Southampton City Art Gallery. 2008.
  2. ^ Ruhrberg, Karl, Manfred Schneckenburger, Christiane Fricke, Klaus Honnef, and Ingo F. Walther. "Chapter 12 Painting as a Mind-Game." Art of the 20th Century. Köln: Taschen, 2016. 338-39. Print.
  3. ^ Ruhrberg, Karl, Manfred Schneckenburger, Christiane Fricke, Klaus Honnef, and Ingo F. Walther. "Chapter 12 Painting as a Mind-Game." Art of the 20th Century. Köln: Taschen, 2016. 338-39. Print.
  4. ^ Ruhrberg, Karl, Manfred Schneckenburger, Christiane Fricke, Klaus Honnef, and Ingo F. Walther. "Chapter 12 Painting as a Mind-Game." Art of the 20th Century. Taschen, 2016. 335. Print.
  5. ^ Bondanella, Peter. La Strada, Rutgers Films in Print Series. Rutgers University Press: 1987, page 3-4. ISBN 0-8135-1236-0.