This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Nepalese customary units of measurement" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (December 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

In Nepal, some customary units of measurement are still used, although the metric system has been the official standard since 1968.[1]

## Length

The kos (kosh, krosh, koss) is a very ancient measure of distance, measuring about 2.25 miles or 3.7 km.[2]

• 1 angul = approx. 0.75 inch
• 4 angul = 1 dharnugrah (bow grip) = 3 in
• 8 angul = 1 dhanurmushti (fist with thumb raised) = 6 in
• 12 angul = 1 vitastaa (span) = 9 in
• 2 vitastaa (cubit) = 18 in
• 1 haath = 1.5 ft.
• 1 dand or dhanush (bow) = 4 haath = 6 ft
• 2000 dand = 1 kos or Gorut = 4000 yards or 2.25 miles
• 4 kosh = 1 yojan = 9 miles = 14.48 km

## Land area

The precise land measurement conversions as per Nepal standard are as follows:

Units khetmuri bigha kattha dhur ropani aana paisa dam sq.feet sq.meter
khetmuri 1 1.877914952 37.55829904 751.1659808 25 400 1600 6400 136900 12718.42618
bigha 0.532505478 1 20 400 13.31263696 213.0021914 852.0087655 3408.035062 72900 6772.631616
kattha 0.026625274 0.05 1 20 0.665631848 10.65010957 42.60043828 170.4017531 3645 338.6315808
dhur 0.001331264 0.0025 0.05 1 0.033281592 0.532505478 2.130021914 8.520087655 182.25 16.93157904
ropani 0.04 0.075116598 1.502331962 30.04663923 1 16 64 256 5476 508.737047
aana 0.0025 0.004694787 0.093895748 1.877914952 0.0625 1 4 16 342.25 31.79606544
paisa 0.000625 0.001173697 0.023473937 0.469478738 0.015625 0.25 1 4 85.5625 7.94901636
dam 0.00015625 0.000293424 0.005868484 0.117369684 0.00390625 0.0625 0.25 1 21.390625 1.98725409
sq. feet 7.3046E-06 1.37174E-05 0.000274348 0.005486968 0.000182615 0.002921841 0.011687363 0.046749452 1 0.09290304
sq. meter 7.86261E-05 0.000147653 0.002953062 0.059061237 0.001965652 0.031450432 0.125801729 0.503206915 10.76391042 1

In a nutshell, The following is a partial list of everyday units used to calculate land area in Nepal.[3][4]

• 1 Khetmuri = 25 Ropani
• 1 Bigha (बिघा) = 20 Kattha (कठ्ठा) = 6772.63 m² = 72900 sq.ft. = 13.31 Ropani
• 1 Katha (कठ्ठा) = 20 Dhur (धुर) = 338.63 m² = 3645 sq.ft.
• 1 Dhur (धुर) = 16.93 m² = 182.25 sq.ft.
• 1 Ropani (रोपनी) = 16 Aana (आना) = 64 Paisa (पैसा) = 508.72 m² = 5476 sq.ft. = 256 Daam (दाम) = 4 llka[5]
• 1 Aana (आना)= 4 Paisa (पैसा) = 31.80 m² = 342.25 sq. ft. = 16 Daam (दाम)
• 1 Paisa (पैसा) = 4 Daam (दाम) = 7.95 m² = 85.56 sq. ft.
• 1 Daam (दाम) = 1.99 m² = 21.39 sq. ft.

The units of measurement of area of land depends on the part of the country where they are being used, with the Bigha-Katha-Dhur measurements common in the Terai region while the Ropani-Aana measurements are common in hilly and mountainous regions.

Terai region

In the Terai region, the southern parts of Nepal, the customary units are those used elsewhere in South Asia:

Hilly and mountainous regions

A different system is used in hilly regions:

• 1 paisa = 4 dam (daam)
• 1 ana (aana) = 4 paisa[2]
• 1 ropani = 16 ana

Conversions

• 1 ropani = 74 feet × 74 feet
• 1 bigha = 13 Ropani 5 Anna
• 1 kattha = 442 square yards or 338 square meters[6]

## Volume

• 10 Mutthi (fistful) = 1 Mana
• 8 Mana = 1 Pathi (4.54596L)[7]
• 20 Pathi = 1 Muri