Nepenthes cornuta
A lower pitcher at the type locality
An upper pitcher colonised by ants of the genus Crematogaster
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Nepenthaceae
Genus: Nepenthes
Species:
N. cornuta
Binomial name
Nepenthes cornuta
Marwinski, Coritico, Wistuba, Micheler, Gronem., Gieray & V.B.Amoroso (2014)[1]

Nepenthes cornuta is a tropical pitcher plant native to the Philippines. It is known only from the Pantaron Mountain Range of central Mindanao, where it grows terrestrially on ultramafic soils at around 1000 m above sea level.[1]

This species is most closely allied to N. ceciliae and N. copelandii, both also from Mindanao. All three belong to the much larger "N. alata group",[1] which also includes N. alata, N. extincta, N. graciliflora, N. hamiguitanensis, N. kitanglad, N. kurata, N. leyte, N. mindanaoensis, N. negros, N. ramos, N. saranganiensis, and N. ultra.[2][3][4][5] These species are united by a number of morphological characters, including winged petioles, lids with basal ridges on the lower surface (often elaborated into appendages), and upper pitchers that are usually broadest near the base.[2][3]

The specific epithet cornuta is Latin for "horned" and refers to the shape of the upper pitchers.[1]

The discovery and recognition of this taxon as a new species was announced online in September 2012, under the placeholder name "Nepenthes species 1".[6]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Gronemeyer, T., F. Coritico, A. Wistuba, D. Marwinski, T. Gieray, M. Micheler, F.S. Mey & V. Amoroso 2014. Four new species of Nepenthes L. (Nepenthaceae) from the central mountains of Mindanao, Philippines. Plants 3(2): 284–303. doi:10.3390/plants3020284
  2. ^ a b Cheek, M. & M. Jebb 2013. Recircumscription of the Nepenthes alata group (Caryophyllales: Nepenthaceae), in the Philippines, with four new species. European Journal of Taxonomy 69: 1–23. doi:10.5852/ejt.2013.69
  3. ^ a b Cheek, M. & M. Jebb 2013. Typification and redelimitation of Nepenthes alata with notes on the N. alata group, and N. negros sp. nov. from the Philippines. Nordic Journal of Botany 31(5): 616–622. doi:10.1111/j.1756-1051.2012.00099.x
  4. ^ Cheek, M. & M. Jebb 2013. Nepenthes ramos (Nepenthaceae), a new species from Mindanao, Philippines. Willdenowia 43(1): 107–111. doi:10.3372/wi.43.43112
  5. ^ Cheek, M. & M. Jebb 2013. Nepenthes ultra (Nepenthaceae), a new species from Luzon, Philippines. Blumea, published online on October 24, 2013. doi:10.3767/000651913X675124
  6. ^ (in German) Wistuba, A. 2012. Nepenthes-Neuigkeiten von Mindanao (Philippinen). G.F.P. Forum, September 2, 2012.