Nepotianus
Coin of Nepotian.png
Nepotianus on a coin bearing
his claimed title of Augustus
Roman emperor
Reign3–30 June 350
(in competition with Magnentius)[1]
Died30 June 350
Rome
Regnal name
Flavius Julius Popilius Nepotianus Constantinus[2]
DynastyConstantinian
FatherVirius Nepotianus
MotherEutropia

Julius Nepotianus (died 30 June 350),[1] sometimes known in English as Nepotian, was a member of the Constantinian dynasty who reigned as a short-lived usurper of the Roman Empire. He ruled the city of Rome for twenty-eight days, before being killed by his rival usurper Magnentius' general Marcellinus.[1]

Background

Nepotianus was the son of Eutropia, half-sister of Emperor Constantine I,[3] and of Virius Nepotianus. On his mother's side, he was the grandson of Emperor Constantius Chlorus and Flavia Maximiana Theodora.[4]

Events

After the revolt of Magnentius, Nepotianus proclaimed himself emperor and entered Rome with a band of gladiators[3] on 3 June 350.[1] After attempting to resist Nepotianus with an undisciplined force of Roman citizens, the defeated praefectus urbi Titianus (or Anicius, or Anicetus), a supporter of Magnentius, fled the city.

Magnentius quickly dealt with this revolt[3] by sending his trusted magister officiorum Marcellinus to Rome. According to Eutropius, Nepotianus was killed in the resulting struggle (on 30 June), his head put on a lance and borne around the city.[3] In the following days, his mother Eutropia was also killed alongside the supporters of Nepotianus.[4]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d "DiMaio, Michael, "Nepotian (350 A.D.)", ''DIR''". Roman-emperors.org. 6 August 1996. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  2. ^ The order sometimes varies, see: Sear, David (2014). Roman Coins. Spink & Son. pp. 255–256.
  3. ^ a b c d Eutropius x.11
  4. ^ a b Pauly-Wissowa, Eutropia 2

References