Photograph of a man in a green shirt holding a microphone.
MC Frontalot, considered the "Godfather of Nerdcore", performing in April 2007

Nerdcore is a genre of hip hop music characterized by subject matter considered of interest to nerds and geeks. Self-described nerdcore musician MC Frontalot has the earliest known recorded use of the term (to describe this genre) in the 2000 song "Nerdcore Hiphop".[5] Frontalot, like most nerdcore artists, self-publishes his work and has released much of it for free online. As a niche genre, nerdcore generally holds to the DIY ethic, and has a history of self-publishing and self-production.[6]

Though nerdcore rappers rhyme about anything from politics to science fiction, there are some perennial favorites in nerdcore subject matter, including anime, Star Wars, role-playing games, science, fantasy and computers.

Music with similar themes, but different musical styles can be found in the filk and geek rock genres. There are hip hop artists who have recorded compositions which focus on similar topics, but who are not generally considered nerdcore. Examples would be Blackalicious, a group which does not claim to be nerdcore, despite science-oriented songs like "Chemical Calisthenics", and MF DOOM, who was heavily inspired by comic book supervillains but is generally seen as more conventional hip hop. Conversely, one does not need to concentrate on those topics to be nerdcore: most of the songs by Frontalot do not focus narrowly on stereotypically nerdy topics. The difference is largely one of self-identification; the group Blackalicious does not identify as "nerds", while Frontalot does.[7]


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Being more defined by lyrics, nerdcore has no unifying musical sound, and the sound of nerdcore varies wildly from artist to artist. One common theme, especially in the early days of the genre, is uncleared sampling. MC Frontalot addressed this directly in his 1999 song "Good Old Clyde", a thank you of sorts to Clyde Stubblefield for the "funky drummer" break – which was sampled to provide the song's beat. Sources for samples in nerdcore range from Vanilla Ice to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart ("Rondo Alla Turca", in MC Plus+'s "Computer Science for Life"). YTCracker's Nerdrap Entertainment System is an entire album made up primarily of samples from 8-bit Nintendo games. Another notable artist, Random, created an album dedicated to the Mega Man video games in 2007 titled MegaRan. Though some artists have moved away from this—Frontalot, for example, completely remixed several songs to remove uncleared samples before releasing them commercially on his 2005 album Nerdcore Rising—it is still quite common, as most nerdcore tracks are released non-commercially and thus attract little to no attention from the RIAA.

Several DJs have provided beats and done remixes for multiple nerdcore artists, most notably Baddd Spellah, who currently mixes the majority of Frontalot's tracks. Spellah also won a remix competition in 2004.


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Photograph of a woman holding a microphone
MC Router performing in June 2007

The earliest known recorded use of the term "nerdcore hip hop" was in 2000 by MC Frontalot. However, prior to that time artists as varied as the Beastie Boys, Kool Keith, Deltron 3030, MC 900 Ft. Jesus, MC Paul Barman, Company Flow, and MF Doom began exploring topics far outside the traditional hip-hop culture, including stereotypically "nerdy" topics like space and science fiction. Though these underground artists were generally outside geek culture and are not considered nerdcore, they can be said to have set the stage for artists like Frontalot, who has listed several of them as influences. Beastie Boys outer-space sci-fi themed album Hello Nasty in 1998; including, among other potentially influencing tracks, the spacey robotic "Intergalactic" and the distinctively video game sound themed song "Unite"; garnered mainstream recognition years ahead of the popular movement. Nerdcore had clear influences from geek culture as well, including geek rockers like They Might Be Giants, parodists like "Weird Al" Yankovic (who released the rap songs "I Can't Watch This" in 1992, "It's All About the Pentiums" in 1999, "White & Nerdy" in 2006, and "Foil" in 2014), and others.

Photograph of a man in a red jacket holding a microphone.
YTCracker performing in January 2013

In the summer of 2004 the fledgling genre took a large step forward when the popular web comic Penny Arcade held its first convention, The Penny Arcade Expo, in Bellevue, WA. Though the expo was primarily devoted to video and table top gaming, geek-friendly musicians also performed including Penny Arcade's "official rapper" MC Frontalot and Optimus Rhyme.[8]

The next year, two full concerts took place at the 2005 Penny Arcade Expo and included nerdy hip-hop acts MC Frontalot and Optimus Rhyme.[9] After the 2005 expo, all three acts would have the "nerdcore" label permanently affixed to them. Thanks to the popularity of these acts, the nerdcore fan base began to form and in some cases those fans would go on to become nerdcore artists themselves.

Also in 2005, the new subgenre of geeksta rap (named for gangsta rap) emerged, largely independently of more traditional nerdcore. The difference was in both lyrics and attitude; the geeksta artists (mostly computer scientists) focused on proclaiming their prowess with computers and other technical abilities. This braggadocio led to the first nerdcore feud, between MC Plus+ and Monzy.[10]

Photograph of a man in a purple shirt and black suit holding a microphone.
Schäffer the Darklord performing at Nerdapalooza in July 2008

In 2006, nerdcore rapper Jason Z. Christie, a.k.a. High-C, created the first websites dedicated solely to the genre of nerdcore, and[11] The sites quickly became the foundation of the scene's online community. Along with the websites, High-C also created the world's first all nerdcore hip-hop compilation CD.[12] The "Rhyme Torrents Compilation" consisted of numerous volumes and dozens and dozens of tracks by various artists. Soon after the release of the cds, Nerdcore as a genre began getting mainstream press attention.[13] High-C also appeared in Wired Magazine and the film Nerdcore for Life. He was removed from the release version of the documentary Nerdcore Rising.

Additionally, in 2006, MC Lars's single "Download This Song", which critiqued the music industry's stance on digital downloading and highlighted the battles many faced with the RIAA, charted at number 29 on the ARIA Chart.[14] This not only amplified the reach of nerdcore but also underscored the significance of digital culture and the internet within the evolving landscape of hip hop music.[15]

Each summer from July 2008 to 2013, nerdcore rappers and other nerd music acts gathered in Orlando, Florida for an event named Nerdapalooza, a nerd music charity festival based on bringing various genres of "nerd music" together into one large production.[16]

"Glitched: The Dutch Nerdcore Event" was the first major, all-nerdcore event to be held outside the United States.[17] It took place at Club Panama in Amsterdam in February 2009 and featured the European premiere of the documentary Nerdcore for Life as well as performances of four rappers from the film, MC Lars, YTCracker, Beefy, and MC Router.

As of the late 2010s-to-early 2020s, a branch of Nerdcore has taken off of YouTube where musicians create songs about famous video games, movies, anime and other famous forms of media. This branch of Nerdcore has since branched off into a new sub-genre of Nerdcore called Otacore (mix of Otaku meaning a fan of Japanese culture and Nerdcore) or Anime Rap where artists rap and sing about characters from anime. Famous artists of Otacore include Rustage, Daddyphatsnaps, Shao Dow, Shwabadi, Connor Quest, Breeton Boi, Shao Dow, Divide Music, McGwire, HalaCG, FabvL, DizzyEight, GameboyJones, None Like Joshua and Cam Steady.[18][19][20]

In recent years a new genre of nerdcore has emerged that is referred to as HackOr sometimes pronounced as Hack Core.


Black and white photograph of a man in a hoodie holding a microphone.
MC Chris performing in February 2008

Two feature-length documentaries about the world of nerdcore were completed in early 2008, Nerdcore Rising and Nerdcore For Life. Nerdcore Rising, directed by New York filmmakers Negin Farsad and Kimmy Gatewood, follows nerdcore pioneer MC Frontalot as he embarked on his first US tour in 2006.[21] Nerdcore For Life by Chicago director Dan Lamoureux examines the genre as a whole and contains appearances by over three dozen of the best known performers in the scene.[22]

Nerdcore Rising premiered at the SXSW Film Conference and Festival on March 9, 2008, Nerdcore for Life at the tenth annual Wisconsin Film Festival on April 5, 2008.

See also


  1. ^ Garrett, Ural (February 11, 2016). "MC Chris: The People's Champ of Nerdcore Hip Hop". Retrieved March 2, 2021 – via HipHopDX.
  2. ^ Dunnells, Adam (February 26, 2019). "Playlist of the week: Nerdcore hip-hop". Retrieved March 2, 2021 – via
  3. ^ "Nerd-Rapper mc chris Talks New Album, Animation, Trauma and Fatherhood". Retrieved August 31, 2021 – via
  4. ^ Cabrera, Marc (November 20, 2008). "Nerd rap". Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  5. ^ "MC Frontalot :: Lyric :: Nerdcore Hiphop". July 19, 2007. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
  6. ^ Miranda, Jeff (November 4, 2007). "Refrain of the Nerds". The Boston Globe.
  7. ^ Williams, Alex (August 5, 2007). "Dungeons, Dragons and Dope Beats". The New York Times.
  8. ^ "Check Me Out, I Am David Duchovny". Penny Arcade. August 30, 2004.
  9. ^ "Penny Arcade Expo 2005". GamerDad. September 24, 2005. Archived from the original on December 5, 2008. Retrieved July 23, 2008.
  10. ^ "Geeksta Rappers Rhyme Tech Talk". EE Times. February 13, 2006.
  11. ^ |sort:relevance/alt.os.linux/PdWzmpb-UP0/dr5uGeZvmN0J
  12. ^ "Nerdcore Artists to Release Nerd-Rap Compilation Disc". Boing Boing. April 14, 2006. Archived from the original on December 4, 2008.
  13. ^ Thomasson, Roger (November 4, 2007). "Me So Nerdy". Wired.
  14. ^ "Australian Singles Chart".
  15. ^ Kaufman, Gil (January 27, 2006). "Canadian Record Label Blasts RIAA Over File-Sharing Lawsuits". Archived from the original on October 1, 2007. Retrieved March 12, 2007.
  16. ^ "Nerdapalooza". Archived from the original on March 1, 2012.
  17. ^ "GLITCHED – The Dutch Nerdcore Event". February 26, 2009. Archived from the original on October 25, 2008. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
  18. ^ "Crunchyroll – INTERVIEW: GameboyJones on How to Write Rap Songs About Anime". Retrieved May 25, 2023.
  19. ^ "Anime Rap artists, songs, albums, playlists and listeners".
  20. ^ "Otacore artists, songs, albums, playlists and listeners".
  21. ^ "Nerdcore Rising: The Movie".
  22. ^ "Nerdcore For Life".

Further reading