Neryungri
Нерюнгри
Town under republic jurisdiction[1]
Other transcription(s)
 • YakutНүөрүҥгүрү
Kravchenko Street in Neryungri
Location of Neryungri
Neryungri
Neryungri
Location of Neryungri
Neryungri
Neryungri
Neryungri (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 56°41′N 124°40′E / 56.683°N 124.667°E / 56.683; 124.667Coordinates: 56°41′N 124°40′E / 56.683°N 124.667°E / 56.683; 124.667
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSakha Republic[1]
Administrative districtNeryungrinsky District[1]
TownNeryungri[1]
Founded1975Edit this on Wikidata
Town status since1975[1]
Elevation
850 m (2,790 ft)
Population
 • Total61,747
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
57,009 (−7.7%)
 • Rank260th in 2010
 • Capital ofNeryungrinsky District[1], Town of Neryungri[1]
 • Municipal districtNeryungrinsky Municipal District[4]
 • Urban settlementNeryungri Urban Settlement[4]
 • Capital ofNeryungrinsky Municipal District[5], Neryungri Urban Settlement[4]
Time zoneUTC+9 (MSK+6 Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
678960, 678962, 678965, 678967, 678985, 678999
Dialing code(s)+7 41147
OKTMO ID98660101001
Neryungri population
2010 Census61,747[2]
2002 Census66,269[8]
1989 Census72,540[9]
1979 Census22,647[10]

Neryungri (Russian: Нерюнгри, IPA: [ˈnʲerʲʊnɡrʲɪ]; Evenki: Ньируунгра; Yakut: Нүөрүҥгүрү, Nüörünggürü, IPA: [nyøɾyŋgyɾy]) is the second largest town in the Sakha Republic, Russia and the administrative center of Neryungrinsky District. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 61,747.[2]

Etymology

The name of the town comes from the Evenk word for "grayling".[citation needed]

History

It was founded due to the development of the nearby coal basin[citation needed] and was granted town status in 1975.[1]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Neryungri serves as the administrative center of Neryungrinsky District.[1] As an inhabited locality, Neryungri is classified as a town under republic jurisdiction.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Neryungrinsky District as the Town of Neryungri.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Neryungri is incorporated within Neryungrinsky Municipal District as Neryungri Urban Settlement.[4]

Economy

The town is the center of a large coal field discovered about 1970. It is located on the Amur–Yakutsk Mainline and the Lena Highway, 202 kilometers (126 mi) by rail north of Tynda. Nearby, all in the coal basin, are Berkakit: 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) south; Serebryany Bor: 8 kilometers (5.0 mi) east with a thermal coal power plant; Chulman: 30 kilometers (19 mi) north, with the Chulman Airport; and a large open pit coal mine northwest across the Chulman River.

Climate

Neryungri has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc) with mild summers and severe winters. Precipitation is moderate, but is significantly higher in the summer than at other times of the year. The climate is extremely cold for the latitude in part due to the Siberian High bringing extremely cold polar air to the city in winters, whereas the relatively high elevation and proximity to the cold Sea of Okhotsk usually prevents the heat waves seen in lower areas of Sakha.

Climate data for Neryungri
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −5.6
(21.9)
−1.2
(29.8)
7.4
(45.3)
17.6
(63.7)
28.1
(82.6)
34.6
(94.3)
34.8
(94.6)
33.1
(91.6)
26.3
(79.3)
17.7
(63.9)
4.6
(40.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
34.8
(94.6)
Average high °C (°F) −26.8
(−16.2)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−10.6
(12.9)
−0.1
(31.8)
9.8
(49.6)
19.5
(67.1)
21.8
(71.2)
18.8
(65.8)
9.3
(48.7)
−3
(27)
−17.5
(0.5)
−26.3
(−15.3)
−2.1
(28.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −30.4
(−22.7)
−25
(−13)
−15.8
(3.6)
−4.8
(23.4)
4.6
(40.3)
13.4
(56.1)
16.1
(61.0)
13.0
(55.4)
4.5
(40.1)
−7.1
(19.2)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−29.8
(−21.6)
−6.9
(19.6)
Average low °C (°F) −33.9
(−29.0)
−29.2
(−20.6)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−9.7
(14.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
7.7
(45.9)
10.9
(51.6)
7.9
(46.2)
0.2
(32.4)
−10.9
(12.4)
−24.8
(−12.6)
−33.1
(−27.6)
−11.4
(11.5)
Record low °C (°F) −61
(−78)
−56.9
(−70.4)
−49.8
(−57.6)
−37
(−35)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−6.4
(20.5)
−3.7
(25.3)
−8
(18)
−18.9
(−2.0)
−38.7
(−37.7)
−50.8
(−59.4)
−57.9
(−72.2)
−61
(−78)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 15
(0.6)
12
(0.5)
14
(0.6)
28
(1.1)
52
(2.0)
91
(3.6)
108
(4.3)
91
(3.6)
79
(3.1)
50
(2.0)
27
(1.1)
16
(0.6)
583
(23.1)
Source: [11]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  2. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d Law #173-Z #353-III
  5. ^ Law #172-Z #351-III
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia] (XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 – via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  11. ^ "weather for neryungri". Retrieved December 17, 2016.

Sources