New Kowloon
新九龍
area
Eastern New Kowloon (Kowloon Bay, Kwun Tong, etc.)
Etymology: Name after Kowloon Peninsula
Approx. location of New Kowloon (in red), compare to the Kowloon geographical constituencies of the Legislative Council (in green); Note that the new 13/31 runway of the former Kai Tak Airport reclaimed land (also coloured in green) did not exist until the 1950s.
Province / Municipality / SAR Hong Kong
Regions (non-administrative / statutory)New Territories / Kowloon
New Kowloon separated from Kowloon1860
New Kowloon (as part of New Territories) leased to Hong Kong1898
New Kowloon defined from part of the New Territorties1900
Time zoneHong Kong Time
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese九龍
Simplified Chinese九龙
JyutpingSan1 Gau2lung4
Literal meaningNew Nine Dragons

New Kowloon is an area in Hong Kong, bounded in the south by Boundary Street, and in the north by the ranges of the Eagle's Nest, Beacon Hill, Lion Rock, Tate's Cairn and Kowloon Peak. It covers the present-day Kwun Tong District and Wong Tai Sin District, and part of the Sham Shui Po District and Kowloon City District.

The name of this area is[when?] rarely use in day to day life. Areas that belongs to New Kowloon are usually referred to as part of Kowloon. However, in land leases, it is common to refer to land lots in lot numbers as "New Kowloon Inland Lot number #".

History

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By the Convention of Peking in 1860, the territory of British-owned Kowloon was defined as area in Kowloon Peninsula south of Boundary Street (known as Kowloon, inclusive of Stonecutter's Island), which was ceded by the Qing Empire (Ch'ing Empire, Manchu Empire) to the United Kingdom under the Convention.

On the other hand, the territory north of Boundary Street (later known as New Kowloon) remained part of Qing Empire until it was leased as part of the New Territories to the UK in 1898 for 99 years under the Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory (also known as the Second Convention of Peking). The area of New Kowloon was defined in statutory law first in November 1900[1][2] (and referred to as such[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10]) and again in December 1937[11][12][13] to increase land available for urban development.[citation needed] In practice, nevertheless, both the areas to the south and to the north of Boundary Street (i.e. both Kowloon and New Kowloon), from the Lei Yue Mun strait in the east to Mei Foo Sun Chuen and Lai Chi Kok Bay in the west, are collectively known as "Kowloon". For example, a postal address in Kwun Tong will identify "Kowloon" as its regional destination, even though it is technically in New Kowloon and not part of Kowloon as statutorily defined.

Current situation

In modern-day conversations, the term "New Kowloon" is now[when?] rarely heard in Hong Kong. New Kowloon is no longer regarded as part of the New Territories, but as a part of the Kowloon urban area beyond Boundary Street. Nevertheless, the legal definitions of Kowloon, New Kowloon and New Territories remain unchanged - New Kowloon has remained legally part of the New Territories instead of Kowloon.[14] On 1 July 1997, the territories on both sides of Boundary Street (ceded and leased respectively) were transferred to China, along with the rest of Hong Kong.

However, the designation "New Kowloon" still has some legal implications. Almost all lands of Hong Kong are government land (known as crown land in Commonwealth countries and before 1997 in Hong Kong), while all crown leases (now known as government leases in Hong Kong) of New Kowloon and New Territories lands had been expired on 27 June 1997, but automatically extended up to 30 June 2047 due to the Sino-British Joint Declaration.[15] This renewal implies that, all privately owned land leases of New Kowloon, has to pay government rent (crown rent in Commonwealth countries) as leases in the rest of the New Territories, and unlike the rest of the Kowloon.[16] Most Kowloon land leases (Kowloon south of the Boundary Street) are not required to pay the government rent to the government, unless they are new leases, or are old leases having been renewed and such clauses have been inserted in the renewed lease contract.

The land reclaimed from the Kowloon Bay water body, such as Kai Tak, are also referred as part of New Kowloon in land leases,[17] although these lots do not appear to be included in the 1937 map.

See also

References

  1. ^ New Territories (Extension of Laws) Ordinance 1900, Ordinance No. 8 of 1900
  2. ^ Plan of New Kowloon, signed by the Director of Public Works and countersigned by the Governor and deposited in the Land Office of the Colony, and deposited at the Magistracy and at the Office of the Colonial Secretary according to the New Territories (Extension of Laws) Ordinance 1900
  3. ^ https://www.legco.gov.hk/1927/h270901.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  4. ^ Administrative Reports for the Year 1909
  5. ^ https://www.legco.gov.hk/1930/h300313.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  6. ^ https://www.legco.gov.hk/1924/h240828.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  7. ^ https://www.legco.gov.hk/1937/h370728.pdf&[dead link]
  8. ^ "HK Maps". Archived from the original on 10 July 2019.
  9. ^ "HK Maps". Archived from the original on 4 November 2018.
  10. ^ "HK Maps". Archived from the original on 30 June 2017.
  11. ^ https://www.legco.gov.hk/1937/h371215.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  12. ^ Sched 5 to the IGCO
  13. ^ Plan marked “New Kowloon” dated 8 December 1937, signed by the Director of Public Works, countersigned by the Governor and deposited in the Land Registry.
  14. ^ Schedules 4, 5 and 5A, Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance (IGCO), HK Law Cap. 1
  15. ^ Annex III, Sino-British Joint Declaration  – via Wikisource.
  16. ^ "Government Rent". Hong Kong: Rating and Valuation Department. 1 August 2019. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  17. ^ "Government to sell site in Kai Tak by public tender". info.gov.hk (Press release). Hong Kong Government. 23 October 2020. Retrieved 3 December 2020.

Coordinates: 22°20′03″N 114°11′14″E / 22.3341°N 114.1871°E / 22.3341; 114.1871