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The New York State Athletic Commission or NYSAC, also known as the New York Athletic Commission, is a division of the New York State Department of State which regulates all contests and exhibitions of unarmed combat within the state of New York, including licensure and supervision of promoters, boxers, professional wrestlers, seconds, ring officials, managers, and matchmakers. In 2016, the NYSAC was authorized to oversee all mixed martial arts contests in New York.[1]

The commission is based in New York City.

History

The NYSAC was founded in 1911, when the Frawley Law legalized prizefighting in New York state. The bill was signed on July 26, 1911 and that same day Governor John Alden Dix appointed Bartow S. Weeks, John J. Dixon, and Frank S. O'Neil to serve on the state athletic commission.[2] Weeks declined to serve on the commission so James Edward Sullivan was appointed for the final seat.[3]

The Frawley Law was repealed in 1917 and the state athletic commission was disbanded.[4] In 1920 the Walker Law reestablished legal boxing in the state.[5][6] In 1921, Governor Nathan L. Miller appointed William Muldoon, Frank Dwyer, and George K. Morris to reformed state athletic commission.[7] The National Boxing Association (NBA) was established in 1921 by other U.S. states to counter the influence of the NYSAC.[8] Sometimes the NYSAC and the NBA recognized different boxers as World Champion,[8] especially in 1927–40.[9] In 1962, the NBA renamed itself the World Boxing Association, and in 1963 the NYSAC supported the formation of the World Boxing Council.[8]

Cathy Davis sued the NYSAC in 1977 because she was denied a boxing license because she was a woman, and the case was decided in her favor later that year, with the judge invalidating New York State rule number 205.15, which stated, “No woman may be licensed as a boxer or second or licensed to compete in any wrestling exhibition with men.”[10][11] In his opinion the judge cited the precedent set by Garrett v. New York State Athletic Commission (1975), which “found the regulation invalid under the equal protection clauses of the State and Federal Constitutions”. The NYSAC filed an appeal of the ruling, but later dropped it.[12][10]

Rules and Regulations (past and present)

1929 Weights and classes

Class Weight (lbs.) Weight (kg)
Junior Flyweight 109 49.4
Flyweight 112 50.8
Junior Bantamweight 115 52.2
Bantamweight 118 53.5
Junior Featherweight 122 55.3
Featherweight 126 57.2
Junior Lightweight 130 59.0
Lightweight 135 61.2
Junior Welterweight 140 63.5
Welterweight 147 66.7
Middleweight 160 72.6
Light Heavyweight 175 79.4

Boxing Rules of Athletic Commission of the State of New York

(As published in Self-Defense Sporting Annual 1929, p. 14.)

Referee

Judges

Miscellaneous

Members

  • Raymond Kelly (2001–2002, chair 2001–2002)[51]
  • Jerome Becker (2001–2007)
  • Bernard Kerik (2002–2003, chair 2002–2003)[52]
  • Ron Scott Stevens (2003–2009, chair 2003–2008)[53]
  • Melvina Lathan (2007–2015, chair 2008–2015)[54]
  • Edwin Torres (2008–present)[55]
  • Tom Santino (2010–2013)
  • John Signorile (2013–2018)[56]
  • Thomas Hoover (2015–2016, chair 2015–2016)[57]
  • Ndidi Massay (2016–2021, chair 2016–2021)[58]
  • Philip Stieg (2018–present)[59]
  • Don Patterson (2018–present)[60]
  • James Vosswinkel (2018–present)[55]
  • Lino Garcia (2021–present)[55]

See also

References

  1. ^ Okamoto, Brett (22 March 2016). "New York State Assembly passes bill that lifts ban on MMA". espn.go.com. ESPN. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  2. ^ "B.S. Weeks Heads Boxing Commission". The New York Times. July 27, 1911.
  3. ^ "Dix Names Sullivan". The New York Times. August 18, 1911.
  4. ^ "MEMBERSHIP PLAN REFUGE OF BOXING; Death of Frawley Law Finds Managers Ready to Return to Former System. GOVERNOR'S WORDS BASIS Whitman's Statement In Buffalo Encourages Test of Holding Bouts Under Glub Auspices. Sport Popular in State. Three Titles Changed Hands". The New York Times. November 19, 1917.
  5. ^ Jr, David L. Hudson (May 13, 2009). Combat Sports: An Encyclopedia of Wrestling, Fighting, and Mixed Martial Arts. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9780313343841 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ Lang, Arne K. (March 28, 2020). "Re-visiting the Walker Law of 1920 which Transformed Boxing". The Sweet Science.
  7. ^ a b "Gov. Miller Names New Athletic Body". The New York Times. June 7, 1921.
  8. ^ a b c Morrison, Ian (1990). The Guinness World Championship Boxing book. Guinness Publishing. pp. 14–15. ISBN 0-85112-900-5.
  9. ^ Morrison, pp.126–137
  10. ^ a b Smith, Malissa (June 5, 2014). A History of Women's Boxing. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 168, 169. ISBN 9781442229952 – via Google Books.
  11. ^ "People in Sports". The New York Times. January 22, 1975.
  12. ^ https://cite.case.law/misc-2d/82/524/[bare URL]
  13. ^ "J.E. Sullivan Quits Boxing Commission". The New York Times. September 6, 1911.
  14. ^ "New Boxing Board". The New York Times. November 24, 1915.
  15. ^ "J. R. Price Placed on Boxing Commission". The New York Times. January 10, 1913.
  16. ^ "Six Clubs Receive Boxing Licenses". The New York Times. October 12, 1915.
  17. ^ "Whitman Removes Wenck from Office". The Boston Daily Globe. March 17, 1917.
  18. ^ Murlin, Edgar L. (1916). The New York Red Book. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company. p. 82. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  19. ^ "Muldoon Reappointed, Farley Named for New York Commission". The Boston Daily Globe. January 31, 1924.
  20. ^ "William Muldoon: ' Iron Duke' of Athletics, Idol of Boxing World, Was John L. Sullivan's Trainer". The New York Times. June 4, 1933.
  21. ^ "Boxing Board Now Has One Vacancy". The New York Times. January 2, 1923.
  22. ^ "Governor Appoints License Committee". The New York Times. April 11, 1923.
  23. ^ "Brower Appointed District Attorney". The New York Times. December 31, 1929.
  24. ^ "Gen Phelan N Y Athletic Commission Chairman: Farley Resigns to Enter Cabinet--D. Walker Wear Becomes Member of State Board--Schaaf Report Sent to Governor". The New York Times. March 1, 1938.
  25. ^ "Gen Phelan Named as Boxing Solon". The Boston Daily Globe. January 23, 1930.
  26. ^ "Brown Appointed to Boxing Board". The New York Times. June 27, 1933.
  27. ^ "Brown to Resign as Boxing Official". The New York Times. November 8, 1942.
  28. ^ "Wear Quits Boxing Board". The New York Times. October 13, 1944.
  29. ^ "Powell Gains Post on Athletic Board". The New York Times. August 12, 1943.
  30. ^ "Eddie Eagan, Former Chairman Of Boxing Commission, Is Dead". The New York Times. June 15, 1967.
  31. ^ "Swears Appointed to Athletic Board". The New York Times. April 24, 1947.
  32. ^ "Swears Resigns From Ring Board". The New York Times. October 2, 1955.
  33. ^ "Sports Roundup". The Boston Daily Globe. January 1, 1955.
  34. ^ Smothers, Ronald (August 18, 1987). "Julius Helfand Is Dead at 84; Led New York Boxing Inquiry". The New York Times.
  35. ^ a b "Name Farley To Boxing Board Of N. Y.". Daily Defender. March 13, 1956.
  36. ^ "General Appointed Helfand Successor". The Boston Daily Globe. January 7, 1959.
  37. ^ Hopkins, John J. (August 17, 2012). "Community supporter Raymond Lee dies". Lockport Union-Sun & Journal. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  38. ^ "Dooley Named Chairman of N. Y. Board". The Boston Globe. May 4, 1966.
  39. ^ "Robinson Is Appointed To Athletic Commission". The New York Times. May 6, 1971.
  40. ^ "Personalities: Laver Bypassed". The New York Times. November 30, 1972.
  41. ^ a b c d e "John Branca Heads Sports Commission". The New York Times. July 13, 1983.
  42. ^ "Lord of the ring". Times Union. September 24, 1995.
  43. ^ "Floyd Patterson resigns as NY State Athletic Commission chairman citing memory loss". Jet. April 20, 1998.
  44. ^ "Prenderville Succeeds Farley". The New York Times. July 8, 1978.
  45. ^ "Comings and Goings". The New York Times. November 15, 1984.
  46. ^ "Sportsline". USA Today. March 2, 1990.
  47. ^ "Torres Will Head State Commission". The New York Times. November 27, 1984.
  48. ^ "Dealing with Bill Cayton and Don King makes Randy Gordon . . . The Man in the Middle". Newsday. April 9, 1989.
  49. ^ "Gordon Accused In Tyson Quarrel". Newsday. March 2, 1990.
  50. ^ "Former Yankees lawyer to lead sports commission". Times Union. June 22, 1998.
  51. ^ Whisler, John (September 2, 2001). "Poor eye for talent cooked Teflon-coated Goossen". San Antonio Express-News.
  52. ^ Sherman, William (April 12, 2003). "Kerik Quits as Boxing Boss". The New York Daily News.
  53. ^ Smith, Tim (April 16, 2003). "Stevens Perfect Pick as Commission Chief". New York Daily News.
  54. ^ Rafael, Dan (January 12, 2015). "Thomas Hoover takes NYSAC job". ESPN. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  55. ^ a b c "Commissioners". New York Department of State. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  56. ^ Tedesco, Richard (July 18, 2013). "Gov taps EW resident for state boxing post". The Island Now. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  57. ^ "New York inspector general faults state boxing commission". Sports Illustrated. July 25, 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  58. ^ Woods, Madelyne (November 11, 2021). "Ndidi Massay is Driving Diversity and Transformation at CBS Sports". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  59. ^ "Dr. Stieg Appointed to the NYSAC". Weill Cornell Brain and Spine Center. August 13, 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  60. ^ Rodriguez, Miguel (June 21, 2018). "Golden Gloves President Patterson appointed to state Athletic Commission". Buffalo News. Retrieved 12 January 2022.