Newport Pagnell
High Street
Newport Pagnell is located in Milton Keynes
Newport Pagnell
Newport Pagnell
Newport Pagnell is located in Buckinghamshire
Newport Pagnell
Newport Pagnell
Location within Buckinghamshire
Population15,118 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSP873437
Civil parish
  • Newport Pagnell
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNewport Pagnell
Postcode districtMK16
Dialling code01908
PoliceThames Valley
FireBuckinghamshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire

52°05′13″N 0°43′19″W / 52.087°N 0.722°W / 52.087; -0.722

Map

Newport Pagnell is a town and civil parish in the City of Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England.[2] The Office for National Statistics records Newport Pagnell as part of the Milton Keynes urban area.[3]

The town is separated from the rest of the urban area by the M1 motorway, on which Newport Pagnell Services, the second service station to be opened in the United Kingdom, is located.

The town is more widely known for having the only remaining vellum manufacturer in the United Kingdom, and being the original home of the exclusive sports car manufacturer Aston Martin.

History

Tickford Bridge

The town was first mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Neuport, Old English for 'New Market Town', but by that time, the old Anglo-Saxon town was dominated by the Norman invaders. The suffix 'Pagnell' came later when the manor passed into the hands of the Pagnell (Paynel) family.[4] It was the principal town of the "Three Hundreds of Newport",[5] a district that had almost the same boundary as the modern City of Milton Keynes UA.

The Grade I listed Tickford Bridge, over the River Ouzel (or Lovat), was built in 1810.[6] It is one of just a few cast iron bridges in Britain that still carry modern road traffic.[6] Near the footbridge at the side, there is a plaque placed by Newport Pagnell Historical Society that gives details of its history and construction. The Ouzel joins the Great Ouse nearby, and a large set of sluice gates, used to control downstream flooding, is located near the bridge.

Between 1817 and 1864, the town was linked to the Grand Junction Canal at Great Linford via the Newport Pagnell Canal.[7] In 1862, the canal owners sold the route to the London and North Western Railway.[8] For a hundred years (1867 to 1967), Newport Pagnell was served by Newport Pagnell railway station, the terminus on the Wolverton to Newport Pagnell branch line. (The route is now a rail trail, part of the Milton Keynes redway system.)

The population of Newport Pagnell and its hinterland at the 1801 Census was 17,576; by 1911 it had grown to 14,428.[9] The population of Newport Pagnell Urban District alone is first recorded at the 1911 Census as 4,238 and had reached 4,743 by 1961.[10]

Listed buildings and structures

The town has one scheduled monument (Civil War defences in Bury Field[11]), two buildings or structures listed at Grade I (Tickford Bridge[6] and the parish church of SS Peter and Paul[12]), one at Grade II* (84 High St.[13]) and a further 118 at Grade II.[14]

The Old Town Hall Chambers, now apartments, were built as a school in the early 19th century.[15]

Industry

From 1954 until 2007, the town was the home to the sports car manufacturer Aston Martin.[16] The Newport Pagnell factory was considered outdated and a new production facility was built near Gaydon in Warwickshire. There is still a service facility in Newport Pagnell, but the factory on the north side of Tickford St has since been demolished apart from the engine shop, board room and offices that are listed buildings. The land behind these has been developed by a housing developer. The buildings at the front, including the house used as a board room, have been restored and will be used as commercial sites. In 2012, Aston Martin completely modernised the service facility and the site also houses a bespoke sales department.

Notable industries in the town include the only remaining vellum manufacturer in the United Kingdom, William Cowley, located at Parchment Works, 97 Caldecote Street.[17]

Over the past 50 years, Newport Pagnell has attracted an increasing amount of investment and of economic growth, due to its fortunes being intertwined with the growth of Milton Keynes. This has led to a number of new housing developments in the area.[18]

Churches

The Parish Church of SS Peter and Paul

The modern civil parish of Newport Pagnell stops at the M1, but the Church of England ecclesiastical parish extends to include Broughton and Caldecote. The parish church is dedicated to St Peter and St Paul.

Education

The town is home to four primary schools - Tickford Park Primary School, Cedars, Green Park Primary School, and Portfields Primary School - and three pre-schools - River Meadows, Lovat Hall and Northern Pastures. It is also home to one of two campuses of Ousedale School (the other one being in nearby Olney), which serves students from across the town and its surrounding villages, and is one of the best performing secondary schools in the City of Milton Keynes.[19]

Location and transport

The town is located at the north-eastern corner of the Milton Keynes urban area, overlooking the rural parts of the Unitary Authority area. It is served by the M1 motorway from Junction 14 (2 miles (3.2 km) to the south) via the A509 which, along with the A422 and Wolverton Road, connects it with (the rest of) the Milton Keynes BUA. To the east of the town, the A422 and A509 multiplex northwards to form the Newport Pagnell Eastern Bypass, providing links to Bedford, Wellingborough and Kettering. The historic Newport Pagnell-Northampton road (B526) runs through the centre of the town, linking rural villages to the north, and provides a secondary route to Northampton.

It was proposed in January 2021 that, with the money that had been given to Milton Keynes City Council as part of the UK Government's Active Travel Fund, Tongwell Lane in Newport Pagnell would be converted into a redway, which would better link the town with the rest of the city.[20] Since its completion in March 2021,[21] the town has been served by three connections to the wider redway network of Milton Keynes, all heading westwards into Blakelands first: Tongwell Lane, Stanmore Gardens and the Wolverton-Newport Pagnell railway walk.[22]

Developments

In February 2021, developers presented to Milton Keynes City Council proposals for the development of a new community to the south of Newport Pagnell, with the construction of approximately 5,000 homes.[23] In planning documents, the new area is called "Milton Keynes East", and is proposed to include a local centre with two primary schools and a secondary school. It is to have direct road links to Newport Pagnell town centre, and Central Milton Keynes via an expansion of the Milton Keynes grid road system.[24] In September 2023, construction of the development initiated, with MK City Council closing the A509 London Road (between M1 J14 and Tickford Roundabout to the south of the town) which is currently in place for up to 18 months, with a new "Eastern Relief Road" and bridge across the M1 planned to be built.[25]

In September 2023, developer Vistry Group was commissioned by MK City Council to construct over 900 timber-framed homes as part of the £275mn Tickford Fields development to the east of the town, with more than 30% of the homes planned to be affordable. The development will also feature a primary school, local centre sports pitches and play areas. It is expected to be energy efficient and sustainable.[26]

Newport Pagnell is identified by the City Council (in local planning documents) as one of the three "Key Settlements" in the Milton Keynes UA outside of the 1967 "designated area" of the New Town,[27] with the town's complementary Neighbourhood Plan, adopted in June 2021, allocating a total of 1,400 homes for the town between 2016 and 2031.[28]

Rail

The closest passenger rail service is at Wolverton railway station (approximately 3.5 miles (5.6 km) distant), with inter-city services accessible from Milton Keynes Central (approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) distant).

Bus

Bus 21 (Red Rose) operates an hourly service from Monday to Friday, connecting the town with Olney and Lavendon to the north, and Central Milton Keynes to the south-west. Operating roughly every 30 mins from Monday to Friday are the Arriva-operated Bus 1 (serving Willen and CMK), and Bus 2/2A (serving Crownhill).[29]

MK City Council also operates an on demand bus service known as "MK Connect", which serves the whole MK unitary authority area, including Newport Pagnell.[30]

Governance

80 High Street, Newport Pagnell: Town Council offices

There are two tiers of local government covering Newport Pagnell, at parish (town) and unitary authority level: Newport Pagnell Town Council and Milton Keynes City Council. The town council has its offices and meeting place at 80 High Street.[31] In City Council elections, the town is divided between the Newport Pagnell South, and Newport Pagnell North and Hanslope wards.[32][33]

Newport Pagnell became the headquarters of Newport Pagnell Rural District under the Local Government Act 1894.[34] In 1897, Newport Pagnell became the sole civil parish within the newly created Newport Pagnell Urban District. Both the urban and rural district were abolished in 1974, merging with neighbouring districts to become the (then) Borough of Milton Keynes. The former urban district was an unparished area from 1974 to 1985, governed directly by Milton Keynes Borough Council. The civil parish of Newport Pagnell was re-established in 1985, with its council adopting the name Newport Pagnell Town Council.[35]

Demography

Although Newport Pagnell was excluded from the 1967 designated area of Milton Keynes,[36] its growth has been at a similar level to that of the constituent towns of the latter; the two now join at the M1 and there are no other practical distinctions between them. As of 2001, the Office for National Statistics records Newport Pagnell as part of the Milton Keynes Urban Area.[3] By the 2001 census, its population had increased significantly from 6,000 in 1971[37] to 15,020.[citation needed] In 2006, the Borough Council projected that the population will remain broadly stable at this level,[38] and by the 2011 census, the population had increased very little to 15,118.[1]

Sport and leisure

Newport Pagnell has a Non-League football team Newport Pagnell Town F.C., nicknamed the Swans, who play at The Pavilion on Willen Road. An ITF Taekwon-Do club, Kicks Taekwon-Do Academy, trains at Cedars Primary School, Bury Street, and a swimming pool. Between 1959 and 1960 it was the headquarters of the Aston Martin F1 team.

Newport Pagnell Lawn Bowls

Bowls has been played in Newport Pagnell for over 400 years as maps of the Town dating from the mid 17 Century show a public House called “The Bowling Green”. The Newport Pagnell Bowling Club was founded in 1905[citation needed] and the club used the Bowling Green behind the George pub in Tickford Street (currently The Magic Wok 2019). The game was developing locally due to the Railways,[clarification needed] with clubs at Wolverton existing already and Olney forming in 1906. After the Great War, the Club purchased a plot of land known as “The Bully” and the Club remains at this site in Castle Meadow to the current day.

Notable people

Charles Sanford Terry. 1913
Leah Williamson, 2019

Sport

References

  1. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Newport Pagnell CP (E04001265)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  2. ^ Parishes in Milton Keynes Archived 8 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine – Milton Keynes Council.
  3. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Milton Keynes built-up area (E34005056)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  4. ^ "Parishes : Newport Pagnell". Victoria County History – Buckinghamshire: A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 4. Victoria History of the Counties of England. 1927. p. 409–422.
  5. ^ "Newport Hundred: Introduction". Victoria County History – Buckinghamshire: A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 4. Victoria History of the Counties of England. 1927. p. 268–269.
  6. ^ a b c Historic England. "Tickford Bridge (Grade I) (1125464)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  7. ^ Hadfield, Charles (1970). The Canals of the East Midlands (including part of London) (Second ed.). David & Charles (Publishers) Limited. pp. 272–273. ISBN 071534871X.
  8. ^ Hadfield (1970) pp. 228–229
  9. ^ "Newport Pagnell PLU/RegD through time | Population Statistics | Males and Females". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 12 January 2023. ("PLU" means Poor Law Union, RegD is Civil Registration District. The "hinterland" is large.)
  10. ^ "Newport Pagnell UD through time | Population Statistics | Males and Females". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 12 January 2023.
  11. ^ Historic England. "Civil War defences in Bury Field (Grade I) (1021389)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 December 2023.
  12. ^ Historic England. "St Peter and St Paul (Grade I) (1332203)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 December 2023.
  13. ^ Historic England. "84, High Street (Grade II*) (1125472)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 December 2023.
  14. ^ "Site search for Newport Pagnell, heritage listings only". Historic England. Retrieved 15 December 2023. (134 minus four already detailed and minus another twelve irrelevant entries)
  15. ^ "Old Town Hall Chambers". National Heritage List for England. Historic England. Retrieved 14 June 2024.
  16. ^ "From Newport Pagnell to Gaydon". Drive. The Automobile. November 2007.
  17. ^ "Vellum tradition likely to continue". Print Week. 16 February 2016. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  18. ^ "Strategy for 2050 - Engagement Page". MK Futures 2050.
  19. ^ "For the second year running, Ousedale are the Top School in Milton Keynes at GCSE". MK Pulse.
  20. ^ "Newport Pagnell to be 'better linked' with Milton Keynes". Milton Keynes Citizen. Newport Pagnell will now be better linked with the rest of the city
  21. ^ "These are the roadworks taking place in Milton Keynes this week". MKFM.
  22. ^ "The Newport Pagnell Railway". Great Linford History.
  23. ^ "Developers present their plans for 5,000 home new community of Milton Keynes East". MK Citizen.
  24. ^ "Developers present their part of 5,000 home new community at Milton Keynes East". Cranfield and Marston Vale Chronicle. 2 February 2021.
  25. ^ "Town in Milton Keynes braces itself for almost 6,000 new homes to be built around it". Milton Keynes Citizen. 6 October 2023.
  26. ^ "Developer chosen to build brand new 'village' with 930 homes in Milton Keynes". Yahoo News.
  27. ^ "Plan:MK 2016-2031" (PDF). Milton Keynes City Council. Retrieved 12 December 2023.
  28. ^ "Newport Pagnell Modified Neighbourhood Plan" (PDF). Milton Keynes City Council. Retrieved 14 December 2023.
  29. ^ "Bus and Taxi, Bus Timetables, Maps and Travel Updates". Milton Keynes City Council.
  30. ^ "On-Demand Rideshare in Milton Keynes powered by Via". Via.
  31. ^ "Newport Pagnell Town Council". Retrieved 7 July 2022.
  32. ^ "The Milton Keynes (Electoral Changes) Order 2014".
  33. ^ Local electoral arrangements for Milton Keynes (final recommendations) (PDF) (Report). Local Government Boundary Commission for England. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2014.
  34. ^ "Newport Pagnell". A vision of Britain through time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  35. ^ "The Milton Keynes (Parish of Newport Pagnell) Order 1985 (Statutory Instrument 1985 No. 1,233)" (PDF). 1985. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  36. ^ ""North Buckinghamshire (Milton Keynes) New Town (Designation) Order", London Gazette, 24 January 1967, page 827". London Gazette. Retrieved 14 January 2014..
  37. ^ Census for Newport Pagnell UD
  38. ^ "Borough of Milton Keynes population bulletin 2005/6, page 21". Archived from the original on 11 September 2006. Retrieved 4 September 2006.
  39. ^ Pollard, Albert Frederick (1911). "Humphrey, Lawrence" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 13 (11th ed.). p. 891.
  40. ^ Yorke, Philip Chesney (1911). "Anglesey, Arthur Annesley, First Earl of" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 2 (11th ed.). pp. 15–16.