Next Finnish parliamentary election

← 2019 By 2023

All 200 seats in Parliament
101 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
 
Prime Minister of Finland Sanna Marin 2019 (cropped).jpg
Riikka Purra 20220702 (cropped).jpg
EPP Summit, 20 October 2022, Brussels (52441455194) (cropped).jpg
Leader Sanna Marin Riikka Purra Petteri Orpo[1]
Party Social Democratic Finns National Coalition
Leader since 23 August 2020 14 August 2021 11 June 2016
Leader's seat Pirkanmaa Uusimaa Finland Proper
Last election 40 seats, 17.7% 39 seats, 17.5% 38 seats, 17.0%

 
Annika_Saarikko_2020_(cropped).jpg
Maria Ohisalo 2019 (cropped).jpg
Li Andersson 16.3.2020.jpg
Leader Annika Saarikko Maria Ohisalo Li Andersson[2]
Party Centre Green League Left Alliance
Leader since 5 September 2020 15 June 2019 6 June 2016
Leader's seat Finland Proper Helsinki Finland Proper
Last election 31 seats, 13.8% 20 seats, 11.5% 16 seats, 8.2%

 
Anna-Maja Henriksson 2021 (cropped).jpg
Sari Esaayah cropped (cropped).jpg
Hjallis Harkimo.jpg
Leader Anna-Maja Henriksson[3] Sari Essayah[4] Harry Harkimo
Party Swedish People's Christian Democrat Movement Now
Leader since 12 June 2016 29 August 2015 21 April 2018
Leader's seat Vaasa Savonia-Karelia Uusimaa
Last election 9 seats, 4.5% 5 seats, 3.9% 1 seat, 2.3%

Incumbent Prime Minister

Sanna Marin
Social Democratic



Parliamentary elections will be held in Finland on 2 April 2023, or earlier if the parliament is dissolved ahead of schedule, and will elect members of parliament for the 2023–2027 convocation.

Background

The former prime minister, Antti Rinne, resigned from his post due to a scandal regarding the Finnish Postal Service (Posti).[5] Rinne's Social Democratic Party of Finland elected a 34-year-old MP from the province of Pirkanmaa, Sanna Marin, to replace him. Marin took office on 10 December 2019.

COVID-19's effect to the Finnish political system

During the COVID-19 pandemic in Finland, the Social Democratic Party of Prime Minister Sanna Marin initially saw a sharp rise in popularity, and the Finns Party, leading polls before the pandemic, conversely saw a dip.[6] By April 2021, the Finns Party have resurged, having overtaken the Social Democrats in polls and placed first in all representative polls conducted between January and July 2021.[a] After the National Coalition Party performed surprisingly strong in municipal elections in June 2021 with the Finns Party performing worse than pre-election polling indicated, the latter saw a decline in their popularity, falling behind the National Coalition and the Social Democrats.

Electoral system

The 200 members of the Parliament of Finland (Eduskunta) were elected using open list proportional representation in 13 multi-member constituencies, with seats allocated according to the D'Hondt method. The number of elected representatives is proportional to the population in the district six months prior to the elections. Åland has single member electoral district and its own party system.[12]

Opinion polls

Main article: Opinion polling for the next Finnish parliamentary election

5 poll average of finnish opinion polls from April 2019 to the election 2023. Each line corresponds to a political party.

Notes

  1. ^ Polls published between January 1st, 2021 and April 26, 2021 (fieldwork in brackets):
    • Taloustutkimus (2 Dec 2020–5 Jan 2021)[7]
    • Kantar TNS (21 Dec 2020–15 Jan 2021)[8]
    • Kantar TNS (18 Jan–12 Feb 2021)[9]
    • Kantar TNS (15 Feb–12 Mar 2021)[10]
    • Kantar TNS (15 Mar–9 Apr 2021)[11]

References

  1. ^ "Nyt se ratkesi – Stubb sivuun, Petteri Orpo on kokoomuksen uusi puheenjohtaja". Ilta-sanomat. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  2. ^ "Li Andersson kruunattiin virallisesti puheenjohtajaksi". Iltalehti. 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2016-06-11.
  3. ^ "Anna-Maja Henriksson valittiin Rkp:n puheenjohtajaksi – "Me teimme sen. Me rikoimme lasikaton!"". Helsingin sanomat. 12 June 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Kristillisdemokraattien uusi puheenjohtaja on Sari Essayah – haluaa malliksi Saksan sisarpuolue CDU:n". Helsingin Sanomat. 28 August 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
  5. ^ "Antti Rinne Posti-kohun keskiössä".
  6. ^ "HS-gallup: SDP:n kannatus nousi yli 22 prosentin" (in Finnish). Yleisradio. May 20, 2020.
  7. ^ Toivonen, Terhi (8 January 2021). "Ylen mittaus: Perussuomalaisilla taas kannatushyppäys, eläkeputken poisto syö SDP:n, mutta ei vasemmistoliiton suosiota". Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  8. ^ Kervinen, Elina (20 January 2021). "Perussuomalaiset kipusi suosituimmaksi puolueeksi niukasti Sdp:n ohi, vihreiden kannatus palautui". Helsingin Sanomat. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  9. ^ Liiten, Marjukka (19 February 2021). "Perussuomalaiset ja Sdp jatkavat kisaamista suosituimman puolueen paikasta, vihreiden kannatus laski alle 10 prosentin". Helsingin Sanomat. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
  10. ^ Nalbantoglu, Minna (18 March 2021). "Perussuomalaiset kasvatti kaulaa Sdp:hen: Puolueella on "historiansa paras lähtökohta kuntavaaleihin", sanoo tutkija". Helsingin Sanomat. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  11. ^ Kervinen, Elina (16 April 2021). "Perussuomalaiset kasvatti kaulaansa Sdp:hen – pääministeripuolueen kannatus heikkeni alle 20 prosenttiin ensimmäisen kerran korona-aikana". Helsingin Sanomat. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  12. ^ Electoral Districts Archived 2015-06-03 at the Wayback Machine, Vaalit.fi, accessed 3 June 2015.